World Religions - All Quizzes

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TCU - Dr. Mark Dennis - World Religions (2010) All quizzes from class

The phrase "religion is the opium of the masses" is attributed to:

Marx

Those who have the "surplus value" of their labor taken in Marxist thought are called:

Proletariat

Nietzsche declares the death of:

God

In de Saussure's structuralism, the synchronic is more important than the diachronic (T/F):

True

In his study of language, de Saussure argues that linguistic signs are fixed and thus can be fully recovered. Think, for example, of the example of "dog-ness." (T/F)

False

In one of his famous studies, Roland Barthes declared the "Death of the X." X represents:

The Author

Judith Butler argues that both gender and sex are naturally given at birth (T/F):

False

Helene Cixous uses the term X to describe herself. X is:

Jewoman

Jacques Derrida's thought is described as being:

Deconstructive and post-structuralist

Michel Foucault, much like Nietzsche, uses the notion of "genealogy" to point to a fixed, historical origin in which lies the truth about a text, a teaching, a practice, a history (T/F):

False

The Buddha lived about how many years ago:

2,500

Eliminate the choice that is not one of the "three marks of existence": (a) impermanence (b) self (c) no-self (d) suffering

b) self

Which of the following lists the correct order of these events in the Buddha's life from first to last: (a) indulgence, denial, middle path (b) indulgence, middle path, denial (c) denial, indulgence, middle path (d) denial, middle path, indulgence

(a) indulgence, denial, middle path

Mara appears in the story of Buddha as a figure trying to prevent the Buddha from attaining enlightenment and spreading his teaching (T/F):

True

The term "Buddha" means:

Awakened One

As a member of the heterodox sramana traditions, Buddhism can be considered a form of Hinduism (T/F):

False

The Buddha was born in which country:

India/Nepal

The king who was instrumental in spreading Buddhism was:

Ashoka

The canon of Buddhism is written in a single language like the Arabic of the Quran (T/F):

False

A central element of Silence is 'apostasy.' Apostasy, or to apostatize, means to:

renounce one's religious faith

What is the name of the magistrate (also referred to as Governor and Lord) who has devised the various tortures for the Christians described in the book?

Inoue

What is the name of Fr. Rodrigues' teacher?

Fr. Ferreira

The role of Kichijiro is similar to:

Judas

The novel mentions blasphemy on a number of occasions. This term, which we discussed in class, means:

to make the sacred or holy into something worldly or profane

In an important scene, Kichijiro gives Fr. Rodrigues what to eat:

dried fish

At the time that Fr. Rodrigues visits Japan, Christianity in the country:

is being repressed

To get Japanese Christians to renounce their faith, government officials required what tecnnique:

stepping on a picture of Christ

The novel's title, Silence, refers primarily to the silence of:

God

In the article "India Rising," the Indian economy is described as being "bottom-up." (T/F)

True

The majority of Hindus live in what country:

India

According to the reading, there are how many millions of gods (deva/devi) in some versions of Hinduism:

more than 300 million

The four assumptions of Hinduism include the assumption that the world was created at one time and will, eventually, be destroyed (T/F):

False

Varna-dharma means:

class duty

A darshana is a:

a view

The brahmins are at the bottom of the caste system (T/F):

False

Ram Mohan Roy, an Indian social activist, founded the group:

The Brahmo Samaj

The term bhakti means:

devotion

Mahatma Gandhi interpreted the Upanishads, Bhagavadgita, and other sacred Hindu texts literally. That is, he did not understand the violence described in these texts metaphorically (T/F):

False

Hindus divide their literature into two main groups: śruti and smṛti. These terms mean:

heard and remembered

The Upaniṣads and other Hindu texts refer to the Sanātana Dharma, which many Hindus use to describe their religion. That phrase, Sanātana Dharma, can be translated as:

Eternal Law

What is the number of Upanishads?

108

The Bhagavadgita, a small part of the epic Mahabharata, describes the warrior Arjuna's "horrific quandary," which manifests, in part, due to varna-dharma. That phrase, varna-dharma, which we discussed in class, means:

duty according to caste

Kurukshetra is a:

place name-place of great battle

Eliminate the choice that is not one of the three gunas: (a) sattva (b) rajas (c) tamas (d) rig veda

(d) rig veda

Eliminate the choice that is not one of the three main deities in the Puranas: (a) Shiva (b) Brahma (c) Vishnu (d) Shakti/Devi

Brahma

Dvi-ja means:

twice born

We will see that ahimsa was a central tenet of Mahatma Gandhi. Ahimsa means:

non-violence

Islam is:

monotheistic

The first message from Allah to Muhammad came from which Angel (and when):

Gabriel around 600 CE

Muslims describe the divine with how many names?

99

Jesus is considered to be a prophet in Islam (T/F):

True

Muhammad was born in:

Arabia

Khadijah was Muhammad's:

wife

The Hijrah was the movement in 622 from Mecca (also, Makkah) to Yathrib. Yathrib was renamed:

Madinah (also, Medina)

The two main groups of Muslims are the Sunni and Shiite. Their principal dispute is over:

who should succeed Muhammad

A person who practices Islam, who believes in Allah is called a/an:

Muslim

The Quran has how many chapters:

144

The chapters are called:

sura

The first revelation the Prophet Muhammad received came from:

Gabriel

The unity of Allah is one of the six articles of faith:

True

Even though Islam is a monotheistic tradition, it surprisingly has no notion of the day of judgment (T/F):

False

The hadith are reports mainly about:

Muhammad

The hijab is a:

type of clothing for women

The Ka'bah is located in which city:

Mecca (Makkah)

Muslims pray how many times daily:

5

Islam has how many pillars?

5

Obama's speech was given in what city?

Cairo

The speech was mainly a discussion about:

relations with the Islamic world

Obama argues that there is one teaching or rule that undergirds all religions; that teaching is:

treat others as you want them to treat you

While Obama's speech was mainly about Islam, he surprisingly does not quote from the Quran (T/F):

False

Obama identifies the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians as crucial, but his view of a peaceful state of affairs does not involved the so-called 'two state' solution (T/F):

??????????

Obama's speech is titled:

A New Beginning

David Brooks' piece about Obama's Cairo speech is titled 'The X View.' X is:

Chicago

Brooks writes, 'On nearly every substantive issue, Obama scaled back American goals and expectations' regarding engagement with the Muslim world. (T/F)

??????????

Omer Mozaffar's piece also interprets Obama's speech. His article includes mention of which three figures:

Malcolm X, Napoleon, and Nixon

Mozafaar notes that Obama refers to passages from the Quran and uses a common Muslim greeting, 'Assalamu Alaykum,' which is translated as:

Peace be upon you

The article "American Dreamers" focuses mainly on what:

Muslims living in America

According to the article "American Dreamers", Europe has been a more fertile ground for "homegrown" Muslim terrorists than the United States. (T/F)

True

According to the Pew Center, there are approximately how many Muslims living in the United States:

?????????? (30 thousand, 2.5 million, 10 million, or 20 million)

Keith Ellison, from the fine but very cold state of Minnesota, is known for being:

the first Muslim to be elected to the U.S. Congress

The article argues that Muslims living in Europe tend to be more integrated into their local societies than Muslims living in the U.S. (T/F)

False

One well publicized case of social dislocation of Muslim Americans, whose families had come from Yemen, occurred in:

?????????? (Fremont, California; Minneapolis, Minnesota; Schenectady, New York; or Lackawanna, New York)

The article describes an unusual form of jihad; that form is:

cyber

In the section of the article titled "The Ideals We Share," the authors argue that classical Islam and American society share at least two broader ideals:

?????????? (the pursuit of happiness and freedom of speech; freedom of speech and individual freedom; individual freedom and diversity; or diversity and the pursuit of happiness)

The short article about Jytte Klausen's book describes the controversy over its publisher's decision not to include the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. That publisher was:

Yale

Klausen describes the "mismatch between my book and the response" as like that of:

?????????? (killing ants with bazookas; hunting cockroaches with tanks; killing lions with slingshots; or going after sparrows with cannons)

In the podcast of 'Speaking of Faith,' Krista Tippett, the program's host, interviews:

Vincent Cornell

Cornell compares the actions of the Danish newspaper, and the emotions they elicited, to crying:

'fire' to patrons in a crowded theater

Most American newspapers and magazines reprinted the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad (T/F):

False

In describing the ways in which Muslims view the Prophet Muhammad, he refers to a Sufi saying that expresses these views. That is, 'The Prophet is a man like other men in the way that x is a stone like other stones.' X is:

?????????? (lapiz lazuli, turquoise, ruby, or jade)

The central issue in this podcast and in Brent Plate's piece on blasphemy is the tension between the need to respect the views of others and:

freedom of speech

Cornell describes a blasphemous piece of artwork that some Christians found offensive that is known as:

?????????? (Christ as Oppressor, Piss-Christ, Jesus-False Prophet, or none of the above)

Brent Plate's piece includes the word 'blasphemy' in the title. Based on the reading, the term "blasphemy" means:

profane, sacreligious, offensive

Plate's example of Dread Scott's artwork centers on a symbol considered sacred to many Americans. That symbol is:

the American flag

The cover of The New Yorker depicts Barack and Michelle Obama as Muslim terrorists. What is burning in the fireplace?

an American flag

In the podcast on jihad, the editor of The New Yorker says that the cover was not meant to be satirical (T/F):

False

The cartoons that were published in Jyllands Posten have caused such controversy because they are considered by Muslims to be:

blasphemous

Nicholas Kristof's piece, "The Push to 'Otherize' Obama," notes that during the presidential election, a large number of Americans were convinced that Obama was a:

Muslim

The piece titled "War of the Worlds," which describes recent movies such as Fitna and Submission addresses mainly the perceived conflict between:

?????????? (Islam and the West; Sunni and Shiite; Islam and Hinduism; none of the above)

In "War of the Worlds'" description of Geert Wilders film, which of the three following terms is not one of the translations of fitna mentioned in the piece:

?????????? (schism, provocation, blasphemy)

What happened to Theo van Gogh, who made the film Submission, which was written by the Somali woman Ayaan Hirsi Ali?

He was murdered.

In the podcast on jihad, there is mention of a jihad on a possum carried out by one of the characters in a television show. That show is:

Desperate Housewives

In the U.S., Amir pursues what academic discipline in college:

writing

The physical disabilities of Ali and Hassan can be taken as symbolic of the inferior status that Shiites have had throughout much of Islamic history (T/F):

True

The Shorawi, despised by Baba, occupied Afghanistan for ten years. They are from:

Russia

Assef, the personification of evil, gives Amir a book as a birthday gift. That book was about:

Hitler

In The Kite Runner, Amir goes back to Afghanistan in search of:

Sohrab

When he goes to Afghanistan, who is in control of the country:

The Taliban

In one dramatic scene in the novel, who reappears wearing sunglasses like those worn by John Lennon?

Assef

As Amir is being beaten within an inch of his life, he thinks about strange things that include:

all the time he spent brushing and flossing

Even though Baba told his son that theft was the only sin, he had sinned. His sin was:

fathering Hassan

Kite running reappears as an important event at the end of the novel (T/F):

True

Arundhati Roy's article is titled:

Monster in the Mirror

She notes that some compare the Mumbai attacks to:

9/11

Arundhati Roy notes that in reports, one of the hotels is described as an icon of the city of Mumbai. She agrees, but argues it's an icon of "the easy, obsence inujustice that ordinary Indians endure ever day." (T/F)

True

Arundhati Roy mentions a newspaper report with an ad from a company selling some sort of food. That was from a:

Pizza company

Hafiz Saeed is described as the founder of Kashkar-e-Taiba, which is translated as:

Army of the Pure

Arundhati Roy states that there are three fundamental views on terrorism, Sides A, B, and C. (T/F)

False

Roy takes Side B, which argues for understanding the context out of which terrorist acts arose. In the case of the Mumbai attacks, that context is:

Partition

Partition triggered the massacre of about how many Indians: Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, and others?

1 million

According to the article "Terror Ties Run Deep in Pakistan, Mumbai Case Shows," there are about how many members of Lashkar-e-Taiba in Pakistan:

?????????? (100, 5,000, 150,000, 27 million)

The article describes Lashkar-e-Taiba and Al Qaeda as:

Allies

The movie Gandhi begins with Gandhi's:

assassination

The central character of Partition: A Legacy of Blood, was Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He was leader of:

the Muslim League

In Partition: A Legacy of Blood, it becomes clear that Jinnah had always wanted a separate state for Muslims, which would be called Pakistan (T/F):

False

A central question of the Reacting to the Past game, titled Defining a Nation: India on the Eve of Independence, is what constitutes a nation (T/F):

True

Between the defeat of the Mughals, who were Muslim, and direct British rule, who controlled much of India?

British East India Company

The beginning of the game book describes the trip to the convention that will decide the fate of an independent India. That convention will be held in what city?

Simla

Indian Muslims had generally supported the British and their allies during World War I until Britain's invasion of:

Gallipoli, Turkey

One of the most dramatic and well-known acts of Gandhi's defiance of British rule that was seen in the movie Gandhi and in the video "Crossing the Lines" was his leading a march to the sea in opposition to the British monopoly on:

salt

In the movie Gandhi, and in the game book, we are told that when Gandhi's followers, despite his program of non-violent opposition to the British, became violent, his reaction was to:

go on a hunger strike

In the movie Gandhi, Gandhi is trained as a barrister. A barrister is synonymous with a/an:

attorney/lawyer

Before returning to India, Mahatama Gandhi spent time working in:

South Africa

One definition offered by Gandhi of satyagraha is:

truth-force

Gandhi is a leader of which of these: (a) Congress (INC: Indian National Congress); (b) Muslim League; (c) All-India Democratic Forum for satyagraha; or (d) none of the above

(d) none of the above

Muhammad Ali Jinnah is the leader of:

the Muslim League

In the reading, the Muslims are also referred to as:

Mussalmans

From the contents of his speeches we read for today, it is clear that Jinnah, as leader of the Muslim League, trusts completely Gandhi, Nehru, and the other leaders of Congress (T/F):

False

Gandhi believes that Indian Muslims in fact do not want Partition, arguing that Indian Hindus and Muslims share a history, language, family ties, food, which makes it unthinkable to divide the country. (T/F)

True

In 1919, after several Englishmen were murdered, the British, led by General Dyer, massacred hundreds of Indian civilians in which city:

?????????? (Amritsar, Tehran, Madras, or Kabul)

The term ahimsa means:

non-violence

Hindutva means:

Hindu essence or Hinduness

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