5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a Connective tissue between bones and muscles.
- b A form of endocytosis in which a cell ingests a solid particle.
- c An organ that stores the bile produced by the liver and releases it to the small intestine during digestion.
- d Long-term growth of a plant toward or away from a stimulus.
- e Asexual reproductive process in which a small portion of the cell membrane and cytoplasm receive a nucleus and pinch off from the parent cell.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Region near the top of the nasal cavity with chemoreceptors and neurons that inform the sense of smell.
- The open-ocean zone at the greatest depth in a marine habitat. This zone is divided into a photic (down to 600 feet below the water's surface) and aphotic zone.
- The many populations that interact in a given geographical locale constitute ecological communities. Communities exhibit particular interactions such as competition, symbiosis, predation, and food relationships. They also undergo ecological succession.
- The unique role a population plays in a community. A niche includes all characteristics that define the way a population exists in a community, from where the members live to what they eat, when they sleep, and how they reproduce.
- An emulsifier of fats secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder for release in the small intestine.
5 True/False Questions
aphotic zone → Literally, zone without light. The aphotic zone is part of the marine pelagic zone and begins 600 feet below the surface of the ocean. Only chemosynthetic organisms, scavengers, and predators are able to survive in this habitat.
energy pyramid → Energy in a community can be depicted as a pyramid of food or biomass. The availability of food, biomass, and energy from the trophic level of producers up through each subsequent level on the food web is approximately 10 percent of that available in the previous trophic level.
dehydration synthesis → A common biochemical reaction in which a new compound is formed by the joining of two compounds to release water. Occurs in the synthesis of polysaccharides and polypeptides. The reverse of hydrolysis.
capillary → Fingerlike projections in the small intestine that increase surface area and maximize the absorption of nutrients.
Calvin cycle → Light-independent phase of photosynthesis, where carbon dioxide is fixed to a three-carbon compound used to form glucose. ATP and NADH are consumed in this cycle. Also called the Calvin-Benson cycle or the dark reactions.