Chapter 7 - Shinto

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Professor Alfarone Edison State College Spring 2013

Shinto often makes use of

purification rituals.

The term Shinto comes from two Chinese words that mean

the way of the gods.

The country that before modern times had the most influence on Japan was

China.

The primary focus of Shinto worship is directed toward

the gods of nature.

Among Shinto values and practices, which task is quite important?

purification

Shinto puts great emphasis on

careful ritual.

Kamikaze is a term used for referring to

suicide pilots.

State Shinto refers to

a former system of national shrines.

The Nihongi is

a collection of stories of the gods and early history.

The ideal of the warrior, promoted by Shinto during World War II, is called

bushido.

The emperor renounced his title to divinity when

World War II ended.

The sun goddess of Shinto is

Amaterasu.

Tenrikyo, which grew out of Shinto, has its headquarters near

Nara.

The founder of Tenrikyo was

Nakayama Miki.

Omoto is a new religion that emphasizes the value of

art.

Omoto, in order to encourage international understanding, gives a special place to the study and use of

Esperanto.

Shinto and Buddhism

began to blend soon after the introduction of Buddhism.

The Japanese people

seem to be a blend of several peoples.

It has been a traditional teaching that the imperial family is descended from what kami?

Amaterasu

It is possible that the creation myth that tells of numerous kami

unites the beliefs of several clans or tribes.

Shinto and Confucianism particularly had what feature in common?

veneration of ancestors

The emperor of Japan came to be considered a father figure for the whole country. This

seems to show the influence of Confucianism.

The primeval female kami who was burned by the fire god is

Izanami.

Shinto

has helped the Japanese maintain a sense of their unique identity.

Izanami and Izanagi created Japan when they stirred the ocean with

a jeweled spear.

Izanagi searched for Izanami

in the underworld.

The basis for the Japanese writing system came from

China

The goddess Amaterasu was lured from a cave, where she was hiding, by

dancing nearby.

The Church of World Messianity (Sekaikyu Seikyo) is an offshoot o

Omoto

The Shinto deity of rice and good harvest is

Inari

The islands of Japan, according to the creation story, are a sort of this-worldly heaven because

humans share the islands with divine beings who live there.

Part of the accommodation between Shinto and Buddhism included

a division of focus with Buddhism associated with philosophy, death and afterlife while Shinto was called on for agriculture and fertility.

During the Meiji Restoration, Shinto became tied to growing nationalism through

emphasis on the divine origins of the emperor.

The color most often associated with Shinto is

white

Among the numerous kami are the powers of nature; spirits associated with particular places in nature such as trees, waterfalls, and mountains; the ancestors; and

animal spirits.

A special New Year's ritual in Shinto is

rice pounding.

The torii is

often used as a gateway to a sacred location.

The name for a god in Shinto is

kami

The Shinto shrine that is dedicated to Amaterasu and is the shrine of the imperial family is located at

Ise

A major Shinto shrine in Tokyo is named after what emperor?

Meiji

An important element of ritual at a Shinto shrine is

hand clapping.

Japji means "Conqueror"; the Jain term for a perfected person who will not be reborn.

false

Khalsa is the community of initiated Sikhs.

true

A Digambara is a Sikh temple.

false

Puja means "disciple"; a follower of the Sikh religion.

false

The Adi Granth is the "original collection"; the primary scripture of the Sikhs.

True

Adi Granth means "Holy Death"; death by self-starvation, valued in Jainism as a noble end of a long life of virtue and detachment.

False

Tirthankara means "crossing maker"; in Jainism, one of the twenty-four ideal human beings of the past, Mahavira being the most recent.

true

Ahimsa is a poem by Guru Nanak that begins the Adi Granth; the poem is recited daily by pious Sikhs.

False

Punjab, in Jainism, means ritual in honor of tirthankara.

False

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