Chapter 8 - Judaism

50 terms by Tweetssun 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Professor Alfarone Edison State College Spring 2013

Judaism traces itself back to what legendary patriarch who is written about in the book of Genesis?

Abraham

The Talmud is

a long work of commentary based on biblical principles.

The Jewish Day of Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year, is

Yom Kippur.

Contemporary Judaism has split into four parts. The most liberal is called

Reconstructionist Judaism.

The general Jewish attitude toward physical matter and bodily pleasure has generally been that

both matter and the body are innately good.

When the Jewish boy turns thirteen, he is considered an adult in the religious community. This ceremony takes its name from his new status.

Bar Mitzvah

Which division of modern Judaism stresses strict beliefs and careful keeping of dietary laws?

Orthodox

Which Jewish festival recalls the event related in the Book of Exodus about liberation of the Hebrews from oppression in Egypt?

Passover (Pesach)

Which book is part of the Torah or Pentateuch?

Leviticus

The Reform movement that began to spread in the nineteenth century attempted to

modernize Judaism.

The three categories of the Hebrew Bible are

Torah, Prophets, and Writings.

The biblical book that describes the origins of the human race is

Genesis

The Sadducees were

an aristocratic, priestly party centered in Jerusalem.

The Jewish Sabbath is kept from

sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.

The biblical book of song lyrics sung in worship at the Second Temple in Jerusalem is

Psalms

Jewish dietary laws forbid eating

pork.

The Jewish New Year occurs at what time of year?

autumn

The Passover occurs at what time of year?

spring

On what feast are Jewish children given presents for eight days?

Hanukkah

The Bible says that God spoke to Moses

on Mount Sinai.

The day of Rejoicing in the Torah comes at the end of what festival?

Sukkot

The Southern Kingdom was destroyed in 586 b.c.e. by

Babylonia.

Zionism is

a movement that urges Jews to live in Israel.

Sephardic Jews have lived primarily in

the Mediterranean region.

The language of Sephardic Jews has been

Ladino

The Yiddish language, though written in Hebrew characters, is a type of

German

The first two kings of the Israelite Kingdom were

Saul and David.

A dietary law kept by traditionalist Jews is that what items may not be eaten at the same meal?

meat and dairy products

Traditionalists sometimes interpret the command not to work on the Sabbath as including no

use of the telephone.

Another name for the Torah is

Pentateuch

The name "Eve" means

life

Adam is said to have lived to be how old?

930

"Canaan" refers to

an early name for the region of Israel.

The Hebrew Bible sees history as

signs of divine activity.

"Covenant" means

contract

The Hebrew ancestor who, according to the Bible, first settled in Egypt was

Joseph

The moral conscience of the Hebrew people was the

prophets

According to the Book of Exodus, what disaster was the last to strike the Egyptians?

death of firstborn male children

The Jewish view of God is best expressed as

God makes moral demands.

The Torah is

the first five books of the Bible (Pentateuch)

The destruction of the Second Temple changed the nature of the Hebrew religion in that afterward

the Jewish religion began to focus on the written word.

The Talmud is the dispersion of Jews beyond Israel, particularly to Persia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean region.

false

Canaan is a joyous festival in early spring that recalls the Jews' being saved from destruction, as told in the book of Esther.

false

Diaspora means "Teaching," "instruction"; the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures; also the additional instructions of God, believed by many to have been transmitted orally from Moses through a succession of teachers and rabbis.

False

Seder means "Order"; a special ritual meal at Passover, recalling the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt.

True

Biblical Judaism describes Judaism before the destruction of the Second Temple (70 C.E.).

true

The Western Wall is the foundation stones of the western wall of the last temple of Jerusalem, today a place of prayer.

True

Bar mitzvah means "Son of the commandment"; the coming-of-age ceremony that marks the time when a young man is considered a legal adult within the Jewish community.

True

Kosher means "ritually correct"; said particularly about food consumption and food preparation.

true

Passover is a joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression.

true

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set