5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- pleural effusion
- B-type natriuetic peptide
- Right-Sided Heart Failure (ventricular)
- a Distended jugular veins, anorexia, nausea, and abdominal distention, liver enlargement with right upper quadrant pain, ascites, edema in fee, ankles, sacrum; may progress up the legs into thighs, external genitalia, and lower trunk
- b Is a neurohormone secreted by the heart in response to ventricular expansion. When elevated greater than 100pg/mL indicates some heart failure. The higher this is, the greater chances of heart failure. 700pb.mL indicates decompensated heart failure.
- c rapid, regular rhythm originating in the SA. It is characterized by a heartbeat of 100 to 150 or more per minute.
- d people w/ aplastic are this, all 3 major blood elements ( red, white, platelets) from the bone marrow are reduced or absent
- e accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
5 Multiple choice questions
- Referred to as pump failure, is an acute and serious complication of MI and heart failure. Characterized by low cardiac output and peripheral vascular system collapse. Left ventricular funciton is severely decreased, resulting in an inadequate blood supply to hte vital organs.
- 2% to 6% WBCs that function similarly to neutrophils, 2nd type of WBC to arrive at the scene of an injury, they remove dead bacteria and cells in the recovery stage of acute bacterial infections
- Deficiency of the number of circulating platelets or change in the function of platelets alters the process of coagulation. It is an abnormal hematological condition in which the number of platelets is reduced to fewer than 150,000/mm3, the risk for bleeding from mucous membranes and in cutaneous sites and internal organs increases. Count is less than 20,000/mm3 significant risk for serious bleeding increases, less than 5000mm3 CNS system or GI hemorrhage can occur. Prevent from trauma and falling.
- the two atria contract while the two ventricles relax. When the ventricles contract, the two atria relax. The phase of contraction is called:
- Localized infections and filters foreign cells
5 True/False questions
diastole → the two atria contract while the two ventricles relax. When the ventricles contract, the two atria relax. The phase of relaxation is called :
atherosclerosis → Males: 14-18g/dL Females: 12-16g/dL protein-iron compound contained in the erythrocyte that has bonding capabilities for the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide
myocardial infarction → is an occlusion of a major coronary artery or one of its branches with subsequent necrosis of myocardium caused by atherosclerosis or an embolus.
arteriosclerosis → collection of several pathological conditions in which the walls of blood vessels, esp. arteries, become thickened and hardened, losing their elasticity
Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) → 60-70 seonds Fibrin clot formation; Detects coagulation defects of the intrinsic system and deficiency of plasma clotting; the appropriate dose of heparin can be monitored by the PTT; possible critical values greater than 100 seconds