Medical Terminology Chapter 10: Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymphiatic Systems, and Blood

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Western Michigan University MDSC 2010 Nicole Bradford

The middle, thick, muscular layer of the heart is called:

Myocardium

The external layer of the pericardial sac is called:

Fibrous pericardium

The largest artery in the body, which originates at the left ventricle and descends through the thorax and abdomen, is called the:

Aorta

The capillaries are the:

Microscopic blood vessels

Platelets are also called:

Thrombocytes

The ___ in the blood are measured by conducting an RBC count.

Erythrocytes

The medical term meaning "small spherical bodies made up of lymphoid tissue that act as filters keeping substances such as bacteria from the blood" is:

lymph nodes

The largest lymphatic organ, which is located in the left side of the abdominal cavity between the stomach and the diaphragm, is called the:

Spleen

The combining form meaning vein is:

Phleb/o

The combining form ventricul/o means:

Ventricle

Together the bicuspid and tricuspid valves are referred to as the ___ valves.

Atrioventricular

The word part that completes the medical term meaning deficiency of blood (flow), ______/emia, is:

Isch

The word part that completes the medical term meaning record of the heart (structure and motion) made with sound, _______/o/cardi/o/gram, is:

Ech

The word part that completes the medical term meaning removal of plasma (from withdrawn blood), plasm/______________, is:

-apheresis

Dissolution of RBCs

Hemolysis

In the medical term splenomegaly, the word root means:

Spleen

In the medical term pancytopenia, the suffix means:

abnormal reduction in number

In the medical term lymphoma, the word root means:

Lymph, Lymph node

A clear, colorless tissue fluid carrying lymphocytes and monocytes to the heart.

Lymph

In the medical term tachycardia, the prefix means:

Fast, rapid

The medical term that means inflammation of the muscles of the heart is:

Myocarditis

A patient diagnosed with valvulitis has inflammation of the:

Valves of the heart

The meaning of the medical term polyarteritis is inflammation of:

Many sites in the arteries

The medical term that means inflammation of a vein is:

Phlebitis

hardening of fatty plaque (deposited on the arterial wall)

Athlerosclerosis

Disease of the heart muscle

Cardiomyopathy

Enlargement of the spleen

Splenomegaly

ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall

Aneurysm

When Patient U's red blood cell count plummets, the diagnosis in his medical report is:

Anemia

A clinic determines that a patient's bloodstream has been invaded by pathogenic organisms, causing overwhelming infection in the bloodstream and a systemic inflammatory response. This indicates that the patient has:

Sepsis

The medical term referring to an inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII is:

Hemophilia

An apparatus implanted under the skin to regulate heartbeat

Cardiac pacemaker

acute compression of the heart caused by accumulation of fluid

Cardiac tamponade

The medical term that refers to a narrowing of the bicuspid valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever, is:

mitral valve stenosis

A patient undergoes the surgical removal of a vein in a procedure called:

Phlebectomy

A patient undergoes pericardiocentesis; from the word parts we know that this procedure involves surgical ___ of the pericardium.

Puncture

malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells

Leukemia

The medical term that refers to a blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, which enters the blood stream and moves until it lodges at some other point in circulation is:

Embolus

The medical term meaning distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities is:

Varicose Veins

A malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells

Hodgkin Disease

The blood vessel that carries carbon dioxide and other waste products from the heart to the lungs is the:

Pulmonary Artery

Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall

Defibrillation

The three major types of blood vessels in the body are _____, _____, and _____.

Arteries,veins, capillaries

Dissolve blood clots in the coronary artery

thrombolytic therapy

The medical term for the visual examination of the lumen of a blood vessel is:

Angioscopy

Radiographic imaging of a vein (after injection of a contrast medium)

Venography

Needle puncture to remove bone marrow for study

Bone Marrow Biopsy

A blood test that determines the time required for blood to clot is the:

Coagulation Time

Patient Z is administered an anticoagulant, which is used to:

Slow Blood Clotting

The medical term referring to a device used for measuring blood pressure is:

sphygmomanometer

Formation of blood cells

Hemopoisis

Hypersensitivity to a substance, resulting in an inflammatory response

Allergy

The medical term referring to blood pressure that is below normal is:

Hypotension

A defect in the semilunar valves would involve the:

Pulmonary and aortic valves

a phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract

Systole

The medical term referring to the liquid portion of the blood without the clotting factors is:

Serum

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