NAME: ________________________

The Enlightenment Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Taxation without representation
  2. Thomas Jefferson
  3. Jean Jacques Rousseau
  4. Elizabeth I
  5. Scientific Revolution
  1. a
    Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded Mary I (who was a Catholic) and restored Protestantism to England; never married; her reign is often referred to as the Golden Age of England or the Elizabethan Age
  2. b
    The colonists were angry because they had to pay taxes to England but they did not get to have a representative in the English Parliament.
  3. c
    Enlightenment philosopher who believed that everyone is born good, but civilization corrupts people. He believed that the titles of nobility should be abolished and that governments should use direct democracy. "Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains."
  4. d
    Enlightenment thinker; virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
  5. e
    For hundreds of years people of Medieval Europe made their ideas about science fit religious beliefs or teachings of the Catholic Church; with this time period people began looking at how the universe really works based on science

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the concept that there is a universal order built into nature that can guide moral thinking; forces that rule the behavior of the universe

  2. a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)

  3. a period in history characterized by a critical approach to religious, social, and philosophical matters that seeks to fight against beliefs or systems not based on human reason

  4. This scientist proved Copernicus' theory that the sun was the center of the solar system and he was put on house arrest for stating this although the Catholic Church said it was incorrect

  5. French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821); Overthrew French Directory in 1799 and became emperor of the French in 1804. Failed to defeat Great Britain and was abdicated in 1814. Returned to power briefly in 1815 but was defeated and died in exile; Le Petit Corporal

5 True/False Questions

  1. Constitutional Monarchy
    the supreme law of the United States of America adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia


  2. The Constitution
    system of settling new lands that remain under the government of their native land; example: European explorers occupying foreign lands for their native countries


  3. Thomas Hobbes
    Enlightenment thinker that believed that people are born selfish and need a strong central authority; believed in absolute power


  4. Thomas Edison
    Inventor of light bulb, phonograph and numerous other innovations


  5. Napoleon Bonaparte
    I won many victories in Italy. By 1796, Austria had become my country's chief enemy. I started my attack on Austria, my first big campaign. I quickly defeated four armies larger than my own. After that, my troops gave me the name "Le Petit Caporal" or "Little Corporal." Who am I?


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