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chapters 1, 2, 3, 4

abdomen

space below the chest; contains organs

cartilage

flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints

chromosome

rod like structures within the nucleus

diaphragm

muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities

sagittal

lengthwise, vertical plane, dividing the body into left and right

larynx

voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea

cervical

neck region of the back; pertaining to the neck region

chondroma

begin tumor or tumor-like growth of mature hyaline cartilage

nucleus

controls operations of cells; contains chromosomes and directs activities

trachea

windpipe

viscera

internal organ

sarcoma

malignant tumors of the connective tissue, muscle or bone

thoracic

space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes; chest region

supine

lying on the back

abdominal

pertaining to the abdomen

karyotype

photo of individuals chromosomes, arranged by size, shape and number

pleura

double layered membrane surrounding each lung

mediastinum

centrally located space between the lungs

epithelial

pertaining to a type of cell or tissue that forms the skin and mucous membrane of the body

pituitary

small endocrine gland attached to the base of the brain; the "master" gland

abduction

to move away from the midline

adrenal

pertain ing to the adrenal gland; sits atop the kidney

anoxia

absence of oxygen supply to an organ

antitoxin

a protein that defends the body against toxins

benign

non malignant; not cancerous

bradycardia

slow heart rate

contralateral

pertaining to the opposite side

endotracheal

pertaining to within or through the trachea

euphoria

a feeling of well being; elation; emotion

hemiglossectomy

surgical removal of half the tounge

hypodermic

pertaining to being applied to below the skin

infracostal

pertaining to below the ribs

intercostal

pertaining to being between two ribs

neoplasm

new growth

pancytopenia

pronounced reduction of all the formed elements of the blood

parathyroid

adjacent to the thyroid gland; secretes a hormone that regulates calcium levels in the body; four endrocrine glands on the neck area

periosteum

thick fibrous membrane covering the entire surface of the bone; serves as an attachment for the muscle and tendons

retroperitoneal

pertaining to behind the peritoneum

tachypnea

very rapid breathing

transurethral

through the urethra; refers to the removal of the prostate by going through the urethral wall

hepatoma

tumor in the liver

osteitis

inflammation of the bone

-cele

hernia

gastrectomy

gastric recession

cerebral

pertaining to the largest part of the brain

iatrogenic

pertaining to producing by treatment

diagnosis

made on the basis of complete knowledge about the patients condition

-graphy

process of recording

-emia

blood condition

-genesis

formation

-coccus

berry-shaped bacterium

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

cystoscopy

examination of the urinary bladder

staphylococcus

berry-shaped bacterium that forms in clusters

thorocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest

myalgia

muscle pain

biopsy

microscopic examination of living tissue

pathologist

one who preforms autopsies and read biopsies

andenectomy

removal of gland

laryngectomy

recession of the voice box

angiography

process of recording the blood vessel

myelogram

record of spinal cord or bone marrow

psychosis

condition of the mind

thrombocyte

clotting cell; platelet

neutrophil

engulf and digest bacteria

ophthalmoscope

instrument for viewing the eye

monocyte

mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte

cystocele

hernia in the urinary bladder

ischemia

holding back the blood

arthralgia

pain in the joint

leukemia

condition of the white blood cell

rhinitis

inflammation of the nose

osteotomy

cut in to bone

nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

eosinophils

leukocyte whose granules turn red w/stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions

transhepatic

pertaining to through the liver

lymphocyte

mononuclear leukocyte that fight diseases by producing antibodies

cytology

study of cells

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