World War I Vocab.

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Kaiser Wilhelm II

last German Emperor and King of Persia

General Ferdinand Foch

French general who supported the use of offensive warfare

Vladimir I. Lenin

Bolshevik leader and founder of the Soviet Union

Baron Manfred von Richtho fen

German fighter pilot known as the "Red Baron"; most successful flying ace during World War I

Sergeant Alvin York

received Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a machine gun nest; killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others

David Lloyd George

British statesman and prime minister

General John J. Pershing

general officer in the United States Army

Gavrilo Princip

Bosnian Serb and Yugoslav nationalist associated with the movement Mlada Bosna

abdicate

to renounce one's throne

trench warfare

a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other

Lusitania

a boat that was sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic in May 1915.... over a thousand people died

Homefront

the civilian populace of the nation at war as an active support system of its military

U- Boat

refers to military submarines operated by Germany

convoy

a group of ships or vehicles traveling together

"No Man's Land"

a term for land that is not occupied

The Zimmerman Telegram

a 1917 proposal from Germany to Mexico to make war against the US, Mexico ignored it but US became angry

Imperialism

people wanting to spread empire, which caused many fights

Nationalism

a sense of unity based on shared language and common culture

Militerism

a desire of a government that a country should maintain a strong military

alliance

an agreement between 2 countries to act as partners

World War I

also known as the "Great War", contained central, allied powers fighting, while others remained neutral

neutral

not favoring either side in a war.... to remember: (No Silly Stuff Sister)

central powers

Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire; nations who fought against allied powers... to remember: (G-A-B-O)

allied powers

worked together against central powers; including Britain, France, Italy, Portugal, Africa, Greece, Albania, Romania

front

area where the fighting went on

armistice

an agreement to stop fighting

League of Nations

international organization dedicated to peace

Treaty of Versailles

treaty that allied powers forced Germany to sign after WWI

Franz Ferdinand

Archduke of Austria whose assassination led to the outbreak of WWI

Woodrow Wilson

President of the US during WWI; helped establish League of Nations

Battle of Belleau Wood

June 1, 1918- June 26, 1918, battle between the U.S. and Germans... fought near the Marne River in France

Battle of the Argonne Forest

September 26, 1918- November 11, 1918, a part of the final allied offensive of WWI, stretched along the entire western front

Battle of Ypres

October 19, 1914- November 22, 1914, First World War battle fought in western Belgium

Battle of Verdun

February 21, 1916- December 18, 1916, major battle at Western Front on hilly terrain... between the German and French armies

Battle of the Somme

July 1, 1916- November 13, 1916, major battle of WWI between the British and German in Northern France. More than a million men both sides were killed or wounded

"Flanders Fields"

the generic name of WWI battlefields in the medieval County of Flanders.

stalemate

when no one can win in a war

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