Architecture project notes

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Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)

Largest in the Roman empire. Constructe in 70-80 A.D. Begun by emporer vespian finished by emperor Titus on the site of Nero's artifical lake. Gets name for Nero's colossal statue which stood nearby. Held gladiator fights, mock naval battles, huning wild animals, executions

Theater of Marcellus

On the Tiber river, rome. 2nd permanet theater in the roman empire. Planned by Julius Caeser finished by Augustus around 13 B.C. named for Augustus's nephew Marcellus. Made of Travertine, doric and ionic, later turned into apartment building

Amphitheater of Pompeii

(70-80 B.C.) seated 20,000 buried by Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Games were cancelled after a riot in 59 AD (pompeii vs Nuceria)

Baths Of Diocletian

Largest public bathing complex in ancient rome. Built by emporer Diocletian around AD 305. Built of concrete marble and brick. Held 3000 bathers. Same rooms as below. Now a church and museum

Baths of Pompeii

Three bath complexes. Forum, Stabian, Central Baths. Stabian baths were odest (2nd century BC)

Bath, England

City in England known for its hot spring baths. Named for the fact that houses in ancient Roman bath, which is well preserved Originally called Aquae sulis, named for the healing godd worshipped before the romans arrived in the 60-70 AD

Hadrians villa at Tivoli

Large, private villa outside of Rome, in tivoli. Built by the emperor Hadrian around AD 120. Mostly stone, concrete, and marble. Lots of building, about 250 plus acres. Lots of famous statues found here and are now in museums. 30 plus buildings based on famous places visited by Hadrian. Canopus ( large pool with statues) in Egypt temple of Serapis, Private studio. (maritime theater)

Hadrian's Wall

fortification in roman britain. 73 miles wide. Seperates present day england and scotland. built around 122 AD. used for population tracking and keeping out enemies

Hadrians Mausoleum

In rome, near the vatican, on the tiber, converted into a fortress ( Castel saint Angelo) Large and round. Built around 120 AD

Domus Aurea of Nero

Built by nero after AD 64 on the Esquiline hill. MAde of concrete, but walls covered in gold, seashells, gems. Has rotating ceilings. Flowers and perfume sprinkled on guests.No bedrooms. Destroyed and used for foundation for other buildings after Nero's death

Colossus Neronis

Stood in front of the domus aurea, gives the Flavian Amphiteater the nickname, colosseum. Part of base remains. statue modified into helios, other emporerrs, now lost

Aqeduct in Pont du Gard

in Nimes france. Large, stone, arched bridges used to carry water. from 50 AD

Aqueducts in Segovia Spain

large, stone, arched bridges used to carry water. from 50-100 BC

Temple of Hercules

round, marbel, corinthian, mistaken with temple of vesta bc they have similar shapes. converted to a christian church. In forum boarium

Temple of Portunus

(god of ports) square, made of ionic, tuffa and stucco. converted to christian church

Maison Carree

located in Nimes France. similar to temple of portunus. built around 19-16 BC, by agrippa in honor of Gaius and Lucius

Pantheon

large, round temple to all gods. Built around AD 120 by HAdrian. Built of concrete and marble. IN the campus Martius , corinthian style. converted to church type and amount of concrete used makes dome light wheight

Temple of Venus and Roma

double temple built by hadrian. Large semi domed temple. built around 120 AD near colosseum

Circus Maximus

oldest largest racetrack. Begun around the 500's BC by roman kings, between the Plantine and the Aventine Hills. could hold up to 250,000 people. Wood, marbel, dirt. battles executions and chariot racing held here. About three fooball fields long. Race around spina with dolphins egga temples and obelisks

Stadium of Domitian

now piazza Navona, Built in 80 AD , 15,000, to 20,00 spectators. used for athletic competions in the cap=mpus martius

Circus Flaminius

in the campus martius, built in 221 BC fell out of use in 50 AD. Built by C. Flaminius Nepos

Circus of Nero

stadium near/in christian executions. Begun by Caligua, completed by nero! now under St. Peter's BAsilica. Blamed for fire in 64 AD

Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina

Dedicated to Faustina in AD 140 then to Antoninus in 161. In the roman Forum, marbel and tufa, corinthian. Converted to catholic church

House of the Vettii

large villa located in Pompeii. owned by ex slave brothers. Restored after earthquake of AD 62 , buried in the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. Beautifle gardens and detailed wall paintings. brothers became wealthy bc of wine business. art historical items discovered here

House of the Faun

located in Pompeii. Known for the dancing faun in the pool. nice mosaics (including the alexander mosaic) owners unknown. 2 gardens

Arch of Titus

Dedicated to titus in AD 81-82. by his brother Domitian. IN roman forum. made of traverntine. Shows the sack of Jerusalem-menorah. He became god when he died.

Arch of Septimus Severus

triple arch. awarded after defeating the Parthians. Dedicated in AD 203, in roman forum, marbel

Arch of Constantine

triple arch. Built near colosseum in AD 315, marble, made of peices of older buildings. built for first christian emporer

Imperial Fora

five large public spaces built to make emperors popular. public place for shopping shows etc.......

column of Trajan

128 foot high marble column. located in Trajans Forua built around AD 113 originall a golden eagle. Carvings tell of a campaign against the dacians, inscription tells how high the hill was.

Temple of Venus Genetrix

built by Julius Caesar in 42 BC.

Temle of Mars ultor

built by Augustus in 42 BC

Ara Pacis

large altar of peace built by Augustus. Located in the campus Martius made of marble, made in 13 BC. Carvings show history of rome

Mausoleum of Augustus

Concrete, tufa, marbel burial place for the first emperor of rome. located in the Campus Martius. built in 28 BC. shape is etruscan style surrounded by cypress trees

Horologium of Augustus

large sundial built by Augustus in the campus martius

Column of Antoninus Pius

column lost only lost only base left, made of aswan granite, built in AD 61, placed in the Campus Martius

column of Marcus Aurelius

100 ft high marbel column, built around AD 180 located in campus martius

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