Battle of Bosworth
battle where henry tudor defeated Richard III
Won the War of the Roses
the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy
the provincial capital of Veneto
A small city-state where a high persentage of citizens could be involved in political life, had a republican government.
The Duke of Florence and the old ruler of the city-states of Italy
Sir John Hawkwood
an English mercenary or condottiero who was active in 14th century Italy
among the most famous of the condottieri or mercenaries in the Italian Renaissance
an Italian condottiero
a medieval merchant and politician
(1485-1540) Became King Henry VII's close advisor following Cardinal Wolsey's dismissal. He and his contemporary THomas Cranmer convinced the king to break from Rome and made the Church of England increasingly more Protestant.
secretary of state for england
buys goods before they can be sold on the open market in anticipation of rising prices
those who are absorbed in their work