###
Bankston Corporation forecasts that if all of its existing financial policies are followed, its proposed capital budget would be so large that it would have to issue new common stock. Since new stock has a higher cost than retained earnings, Bankston would like to avoid issuing new stock. Which of the following actions would REDUCE its need to issue new common stock?

a. Increase the dividend payout ratio for the upcoming year.

b. Increase the percentage of debt in the target capital structure.

c. Increase the proposed capital budget.

d. Reduce the amount of short-term bank debt in order to increase the current ratio.

e. Reduce the percentage of debt in the target capital structure.

B

###
Schalheim Sisters Inc. has always paid out all of its earnings as dividends, hence the firm has no retained earnings. This same situation is expected to persist in the future. The company uses the CAPM to calculate its cost of equity, its target capital structure consists of common stock, preferred stock, and debt. Which of the following events would REDUCE its WACC?

a. The market risk premium declines.

b. The flotation costs associated with issuing new common stock increase.

c. The company's beta increases.

d. Expected inflation increases.

e. The flotation costs associated with issuing preferred stock increase.

A

###
For a typical firm, which of the following sequences is CORRECT? All rates are after taxes, and assume that the firm operates at its target capital structure.

a. rs > re > rd > WACC.

b. re > rs > WACC > rd.

c. WACC > re > rs > rd.

d. rd > re > rs > WACC.

e. WACC > rd > rs > re.

B

###
When working with the CAPM, which of the following factors can be determined with the most precision?

a. The market risk premium (RPM).

b. The beta coefficient, bi, of a relatively safe stock.

c. The most appropriate risk-free rate, rRF.

d. The expected rate of return on the market, rM.

e. The beta coefficient of "the market," which is the same as the beta of an average stock.

E

###
Duval Inc. uses only equity capital, and it has two equally-sized divisions. Division A's cost of capital is 10.0%, Division B's cost is 14.0%, and the corporate (composite) WACC is 12.0%. All of Division A's projects are equally risky, as are all of Division B's projects. However, the projects of Division A are less risky than those of Division B. Which of the following projects should the firm accept?

a. A Division B project with a 13% return.

b. A Division B project with a 12% return.

c. A Division A project with an 11% return.

d. A Division A project with a 9% return.

e. A Division B project with an 11% return.

C

###
LaPango Inc. estimates that its average-risk projects have a WACC of 10%, its below-average risk projects have a WACC of 8%, and its above-average risk projects have a WACC of 12%. Which of the following projects (A, B, and C) should the company accept?

a. Project B, which is of below-average risk and has a return of 8.5%.

b. Project C, which is of above-average risk and has a return of 11%.

c. Project A, which is of average risk and has a return of 9%.

d. None of the projects should be accepted.

e. All of the projects should be accepted.

A

###
The MacMillen Company has equal amounts of low-risk, average-risk, and high-risk projects. The firm's overall WACC is 12%. The CFO believes that this is the correct WACC for the company's average-risk projects, but that a lower rate should be used for lower-risk projects and a higher rate for higher-risk projects. The CEO disagrees, on the grounds that even though projects have different risks, the WACC used to evaluate each project should be the same because the company obtains capital for all projects from the same sources. If the CEO's position is accepted, what is likely to happen over time?

a. The company will take on too many high-risk projects and reject too many low-risk projects.

b. The company will take on too many low-risk projects and reject too many high-risk projects.

c. Things will generally even out over time, and, therefore, the firm's risk should remain constant over time.

d. The company's overall WACC should decrease over time because its stock price should be increasing.

e. The CEO's recommendation would maximize the firm's intrinsic value.

A

###
If a typical U.S. company correctly estimates its WACC at a given point in time and then uses that same cost of capital to evaluate all projects for the next 10 years, then the firm will most likely

a. become riskier over time, but its intrinsic value will be maximized.

b. become less risky over time, and this will maximize its intrinsic value.

c. accept too many low-risk projects and too few high-risk projects.

d. become more risky and also have an increasing WACC. Its intrinsic value will not be maximized.

e. continue as before, because there is no reason to expect its risk position or value to change over time as a result of its use of a single cost of capital.

D

###
Bosio Inc.'s perpetual preferred stock sells for $97.50 per share, and it pays an $8.50 annual dividend. If the company were to sell a new preferred issue, it would incur a flotation cost of 4.00% of the price paid by investors. What is the company's cost of preferred stock for use in calculating the WACC?

a. 8.72%

b. 9.08%

c. 9.44%

d. 9.82%

e. 10.22%

B

###
A company's perpetual preferred stock currently sells for $92.50 per share, and it pays an $8.00 annual dividend. If the company were to sell a new preferred issue, it would incur a flotation cost of 5.00% of the issue price. What is the firm's cost of preferred stock?

a. 7.81%

b. 8.22%

c. 8.65%

d. 9.10%

e. 9.56%

D

###
O'Brien Inc. has the following data: rRF = 5.00%; RPM = 6.00%; and b = 1.05. What is the firm's cost of equity from retained earnings based on the CAPM?

a. 11.30%

b. 11.64%

c. 11.99%

d. 12.35%

e. 12.72%

A

###
Scanlon Inc.'s CFO hired you as a consultant to help her estimate the cost of capital. You have been provided with the following data: rRF = 4.10%; RPM = 5.25%; and b = 1.30. Based on the CAPM approach, what is the cost of equity from retained earnings?

a. 9.67%

b. 9.97%

c. 10.28%

d. 10.60%

e. 10.93%

E

###
Assume that you are a consultant to Broske Inc., and you have been provided with the following data: D1 = $0.67; P0 = $27.50; and g = 8.00% (constant). What is the cost of equity from retained earnings based on the DCF approach?

a. 9.42%

b. 9.91%

c. 10.44%

d. 10.96%

e. 11.51%

C

###
Teall Development Company hired you as a consultant to help them estimate its cost of capital. You have been provided with the following data: D1 = $1.45; P0 = $22.50; and g = 6.50% (constant). Based on the DCF approach, what is the cost of equity from retained earnings?

a. 11.10%

b. 11.68%

c. 12.30%

d. 12.94%

e. 13.59%

D

###
A. Butcher Timber Company hired your consulting firm to help them estimate the cost of equity. The yield on the firm's bonds is 8.75%, and your firm's economists believe that the cost of equity can be estimated using a risk premium of 3.85% over a firm's own cost of debt. What is an estimate of the firm's cost of equity from retained earnings?

a. 12.60%

b. 13.10%

c. 13.63%

d. 14.17%

e. 14.74%

A

###
You were hired as a consultant to Giambono Company, whose target capital structure is 40% debt, 15% preferred, and 45% common equity. The after-tax cost of debt is 6.00%, the cost of preferred is 7.50%, and the cost of retained earnings is 12.75%. The firm will not be issuing any new stock. What is its WACC?

a. 8.98%

b. 9.26%

c. 9.54%

d. 9.83%

e. 10.12%

B

###
To help finance a major expansion, Castro Chemical Company sold a noncallable bond several years ago that now has 20 years to maturity. This bond has a 9.25% annual coupon, paid semiannually, sells at a price of $1,075, and has a par value of $1,000. If the firm's tax rate is 40%, what is the component cost of debt for use in the WACC calculation?

a. 4.35%

b. 4.58%

c. 4.83%

d. 5.08%

e. 5.33%

D

###
Several years ago the Jakob Company sold a $1,000 par value, noncallable bond that now has 20 years to maturity and a 7.00% annual coupon that is paid semiannually. The bond currently sells for $925, and the company's tax rate is 40%. What is the component cost of debt for use in the WACC calculation?

a. 4.28%

b. 4.46%

c. 4.65%

d. 4.83%

e. 5.03%

C

###
Assume that Kish Inc. hired you as a consultant to help estimate its cost of capital. You have obtained the following data: D0 = $0.90; P0 = $27.50; and g = 7.00% (constant). Based on the DCF approach, what is the cost of equity from retained earnings?

a. 9.29%

b. 9.68%

c. 10.08%

d. 10.50%

e. 10.92%

D

###
Rivoli Inc. hired you as a consultant to help estimate its cost of capital. You have been provided with the following data: D0 = $0.80; P0 = $22.50; and g = 8.00% (constant). Based on the DCF approach, what is the cost of equity from retained earnings?

a. 10.69%

b. 11.25%

c. 11.84%

d. 12.43%

e. 13.05%

C

###
Trahan Lumber Company hired you to help estimate its cost of capital. You obtained the following data: D1 = $1.25; P0 = $27.50; g = 5.00% (constant); and F = 6.00%. What is the cost of equity raised by selling new common stock?

a. 9.06%

b. 9.44%

c. 9.84%

d. 10.23%

e. 10.64%

C

###
You were recently hired by Scheuer Media Inc. to estimate its cost of capital. You obtained the following data: D1 = $1.75; P0 = $42.50; g = 7.00% (constant); and F = 5.00%. What is the cost of equity raised by selling new common stock?

a. 10.77%

b. 11.33%

c. 11.90%

d. 12.50%

e. 13.12%

B

###
Weaver Chocolate Co. expects to earn $3.50 per share during the current year, its expected dividend payout ratio is 65%, its expected constant dividend growth rate is 6.0%, and its common stock currently sells for $32.50 per share. New stock can be sold to the public at the current price, but a flotation cost of 5% would be incurred. What would be the cost of equity from new common stock?

a. 12.70%

b. 13.37%

c. 14.04%

d. 14.74%

e. 15.48%

B

###
Sorensen Systems Inc. is expected to pay a $2.50 dividend at year end (D1 = $2.50), the dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5.50% a year, and the common stock currently sells for $52.50 a share. The before-tax cost of debt is 7.50%, and the tax rate is 40%. The target capital structure consists of 45% debt and 55% common equity. What is the company's WACC if all the equity used is from retained earnings?

a. 7.07%

b. 7.36%

c. 7.67%

d. 7.98%

e. 8.29%

C

###
You were hired as a consultant to Quigley Company, whose target capital structure is 35% debt, 10% preferred, and 55% common equity. The interest rate on new debt is 6.50%, the yield on the preferred is 6.00%, the cost of retained earnings is 11.25%, and the tax rate is 40%. The firm will not be issuing any new stock. What is Quigley's WACC?

a. 8.15%

b. 8.48%

c. 8.82%

d. 9.17%

e. 9.54%

A

###
Keys Printing plans to issue a $1,000 par value, 20-year noncallable bond with a 7.00% annual coupon, paid semiannually. The company's marginal tax rate is 40.00%, but Congress is considering a change in the corporate tax rate to 30.00%. By how much would the component cost of debt used to calculate the WACC change if the new tax rate was adopted?

a. 0.57%

b. 0.63%

c. 0.70%

d. 0.77%

e. 0.85%

C

###
S. Bouchard and Company hired you as a consultant to help estimate its cost of capital. You have obtained the following data: D0 = $0.85; P0 = $22.00; and g = 6.00% (constant). The CEO thinks, however, that the stock price is temporarily depressed, and that it will soon rise to $40.00. Based on the DCF approach, by how much would the cost of equity from retained earnings change if the stock price changes as the CEO expects?

a. -1.49%

b. -1.66%

c. -1.84%

d. -2.03%

e. -2.23%

C

###
Sapp Trucking's balance sheet shows a total of noncallable $45 million long-term debt with a coupon rate of 7.00% and a yield to maturity of 6.00%. This debt currently has a market value of $50 million. The balance sheet also shows that the company has 10 million shares of common stock, and the book value of the common equity (common stock plus retained earnings) is $65 million. The current stock price is $22.50 per share; stockholders' required return, rs, is 14.00%; and the firm's tax rate is 40%. The CFO thinks the WACC should be based on market value weights, but the president thinks book weights are more appropriate. What is the difference between these two WACCs?

a. 1.55%

b. 1.72%

c. 1.91%

d. 2.13%

e. 2.36%

E

###
The CFO of Lenox Industries hired you as a consultant to help estimate its cost of capital. You have obtained the following data: (1) rd = yield on the firm's bonds = 7.00% and the risk premium over its own debt cost = 4.00%. (2) rRF = 5.00%, RPM = 6.00%, and b = 1.25. (3) D1 = $1.20, P0 = $35.00, and g = 8.00% (constant). You were asked to estimate the cost of equity based on the three most commonly used methods and then to indicate the difference between the highest and lowest of these estimates. What is that difference?

a. 1.13%

b. 1.50%

c. 1.88%

d. 2.34%

e. 2.58%

B

###
Eakins Inc.'s common stock currently sells for $45.00 per share, the company expects to earn $2.75 per share during the current year, its expected payout ratio is 70%, and its expected constant growth rate is 6.00%. New stock can be sold to the public at the current price, but a flotation cost of 8% would be incurred. By how much would the cost of new stock exceed the cost of retained earnings?

a. 0.09%

b. 0.19%

c. 0.37%

d. 0.56%

e. 0.84%

C

###
Bolster Foods' (BF) balance sheet shows a total of $25 million long-term debt with a coupon rate of 8.50%. The yield to maturity on this debt is 8.00%, and the debt has a total current market value of $27 million. The balance sheet also shows that the company has 10 million shares of stock, and the stock has a book value per share of $5.00. The current stock price is $20.00 per share, and stockholders' required rate of return, rs, is 12.25%. The company recently decided that its target capital structure should have 35% debt, with the balance being common equity. The tax rate is 40%. Calculate WACCs based on book, market, and target capital structures, and then find the sum of these three WACCs.

a. 28.36%

b. 29.54%

c. 30.77%

d. 32.00%

e. 33.28%

C

###
Daves Inc. recently hired you as a consultant to estimate the company's WACC. You have obtained the following information. (1) The firm's noncallable bonds mature in 20 years, have an 8.00% annual coupon, a par value of $1,000, and a market price of $1,050.00. (2) The company's tax rate is 40%. (3) The risk-free rate is 4.50%, the market risk premium is 5.50%, and the stock's beta is 1.20. (4) The target capital structure consists of 35% debt and the balance is common equity. The firm uses the CAPM to estimate the cost of equity, and it does not expect to issue any new common stock. What is its WACC?

a. 7.16%

b. 7.54%

c. 7.93%

d. 8.35%

e. 8.79%

E

###
Assume that you are on the financial staff of Vanderheiden Inc., and you have collected the following data: The yield on the company's outstanding bonds is 7.75%, its tax rate is 40%, the next expected dividend is $0.65 a share, the dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 6.00% a year, the price of the stock is $15.00 per share, the flotation cost for selling new shares is F = 10%, and the target capital structure is 45% debt and 55% common equity. What is the firm's WACC, assuming it must issue new stock to finance its capital budget?

a. 6.89%

b. 7.26%

c. 7.64%

d. 8.04%

e. 8.44%

D

###
Vang Enterprises, which is debt-free and finances only with equity from retained earnings, is considering 7 equal sized capital budgeting projects. Its CFO hired you to assist in deciding whether none, some, or all of the projects should be accepted. You have the following information: rRF = 4.50%; RPM = 5.50%; and b = 0.92. The company adds or subtracts a specified percentage to the corporate WACC when it evaluates projects that have above or below average risk. Data on the 7 projects are shown below. If these are the only projects under consideration, how large should the capital budget be?

Risk Expected Cost

Project Risk Factor Return (Millions)

1 Very low -2.00% 7.60% $25.0

2 Low -1.00% 9.15% $25.0

3 Average 0.00% 10.10% $25.0

4 High 1.00% 10.40% $25.0

5 Very high 2.00% 10.80% $25.0

6 Very high 2.00% 10.90% $25.0

7 Very high 2.00% 13.00% $25.0

a. $100

b. $75

c. $50

d. $25

e. $0

A

###
Which of the following statements is CORRECT? Assume that the project being considered has normal cash flows, with one outflow followed by a series of inflows.

a. A project's NPV is found by compounding the cash inflows at the IRR to find the terminal value (TV), then discounting the TV at the WACC.

b. The lower the WACC used to calculate it, the lower the calculated NPV will be.

c. If a project's NPV is less than zero, then its IRR must be less than the WACC.

d. If a project's NPV is greater than zero, then its IRR must be less than zero.

e. The NPV of a relatively low-risk project should be found using a relatively high WACC.

C

###
Suppose a firm relies exclusively on the payback method when making capital budgeting decisions, and it sets a 4-year payback regardless of economic conditions. Other things held constant, which of the following statements is most likely to be true?

a. It will accept too many short-term projects and reject too many long-term projects (as judged by the NPV).

b. It will accept too many long-term projects and reject too many short-term projects (as judged by the NPV).

c. The firm will accept too many projects in all economic states because a 4-year payback is too low.

d. The firm will accept too few projects in all economic states because a 4-year payback is too high.

e. If the 4-year payback results in accepting just the right set of projects under average economic conditions, then this payback will result in too few long-term projects when the economy is weak.

E

###
Projects S and L both have an initial cost of $10,000, followed by a series of positive cash inflows. Project S's undiscounted net cash flows total $20,000, while L's total undiscounted flows are $30,000. At a WACC of 10%, the two projects have identical NPVs. Which project's NPV is more sensitive to changes in the WACC?

a. Project S.

b. Project L.

c. Both projects are equally sensitive to changes in the WACC since their NPVs are equal at all costs of capital.

d. Neither project is sensitive to changes in the discount rate, since both have NPV profiles that are horizontal.

e. The solution cannot be determined because the problem gives us no information that can be used to determine the projects' relative IRRs.

B

###
Four of the following statements are truly disadvantages of the regular payback method, but one is not a disadvantage of this method. Which one is NOT a disadvantage of the payback method?

a. Lacks an objective, market-determined benchmark for making decisions.

b. Ignores cash flows beyond the payback period.

c. Does not directly account for the time value of money.

d. Does not provide any indication regarding a project's liquidity or risk.

e. Does not take account of differences in size among projects.

D

###
You are considering two mutually exclusive, equally risky, projects. Both have IRRs that exceed the WACC. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? Assume that the projects have normal cash flows, with one outflow followed by a series of inflows.

a. If the two projects' NPV profiles do not cross, then there will be a sharp conflict as to which one should be selected.

b. If the cost of capital is greater than the crossover rate, then the IRR and the NPV criteria will not result in a conflict between the projects. One project will rank higher by both criteria.

c. If the cost of capital is less than the crossover rate, then the IRR and the NPV criteria will not result in a conflict between the projects. One project will rank higher by both criteria.

d. For a conflict to exist between NPV and IRR, the initial investment cost of one project must exceed the cost of the other.

e. For a conflict to exist between NPV and IRR, one project must have an increasing stream of cash flows over time while the other has a decreasing stream. If both sets of cash flows are increasing or decreasing, then it would be impossible for a conflict to exist, even if one project is larger than the other.

B

###
You are on the staff of Camden Inc. The CFO believes project acceptance should be based on the NPV, but Steve Camden, the president, insists that no project should be accepted unless its IRR exceeds the project's risk-adjusted WACC. Now you must make a recommendation on a project that has a cost of $15,000 and two cash flows: $110,000 at the end of Year 1 and -$100,000 at the end of Year 2. The president and the CFO both agree that the appropriate WACC for this project is 10%. At 10%, the NPV is $2,355.37, but you find two IRRs, one at 6.33% and one at 527%, and a MIRR of 11.32%. Which of the following statements best describes your optimal recommendation, i.e., the analysis and recommendation that is best for the company and least likely to get you in trouble with either the CFO or the president?

a. You should recommend that the project be rejected because its NPV is negative and its IRR is less than the WACC.

b. You should recommend that the project be rejected because, although its NPV is positive, it has an IRR that is less than the WACC.

c. You should recommend that the project be accepted because (1) its NPV is positive and (2) although it has two IRRs, in this case it would be better to focus on the MIRR, which exceeds the WACC. You should explain this to the president and tell him that that the firm's value will increase if the project is accepted.

d. You should recommend that the project be rejected because (1) its NPV is positive and (2) it has two IRRs, one of which is less than the WACC, which indicates that the firm's value will decline if the project is accepted.

e. You should recommend that the project be rejected because, although its NPV is positive, its MIRR is less than the WACC, and that indicates that the firm's value will decline if it is accepted.

C

###
Anderson Systems is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that if a project's projected NPV is negative, it should be rejected.

WACC: 9.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,000 $500 $500 $500

a. $265.65

b. $278.93

c. $292.88

d. $307.52

e. $322.90

A

###
Tuttle Enterprises is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that if a project's projected NPV is negative, it should be rejected.

WACC: 11.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$1,000 $350 $350 $350 $350

a. $77.49

b. $81.56

c. $85.86

d. $90.15

C

###
Harry's Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that if a project's projected NPV is negative, it should be rejected.

WACC: 10.25%

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5

Cash flows -$1,000 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300

a. $105.89

b. $111.47

c. $117.33

d. $123.51

e. $130.01

E

###
Simms Corp. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC or negative, in both cases it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,000 $425 $425 $425

a. 12.55%

b. 13.21%

c. 13.87%

d. 14.56%

e. 15.29%

B

###
Warr Company is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC or negative, in both cases it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$1,050 $400 $400 $400 $400

a. 14.05%

b. 15.61%

c. 17.34%

d. 19.27%

e. 21.20%

D

###
Thorley Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC or negative, in both cases it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5

Cash flows -$1,250 $325 $325 $325 $325 $325

a. 9.43%

b. 9.91%

c. 10.40%

d. 10.92%

e. 11.47%

A

###
Taggart Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's payback?

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,150 $500 $500 $500

a. 1.86 years

b. 2.07 years

c. 2.30 years

d. 2.53 years

e. 2.78 years

C

###
Resnick Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's payback?

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$350 $200 $200 $200

a. 1.42 years

b. 1.58 years

c. 1.75 years

d. 1.93 years

e. 2.12 years

C

###
Susmel Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's payback?

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$500 $150 $200 $300

a. 2.03 years

b. 2.25 years

c. 2.50 years

d. 2.75 years

e. 3.03 years

C

###
Mansi Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's payback?

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$750 $300 $325 $350

a. 1.91 years

b. 2.12 years

c. 2.36 years

d. 2.59 years

e. 2.85 years

C

###
Cornell Enterprises is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,050 $450 $460 $470

a. $92.37

b. $96.99

c. $101.84

d. $106.93

e. $112.28

A

###
Warnock Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$950 $500 $400 $300

a. $54.62

b. $57.49

c. $60.52

d. $63.54

e. $66.72

C

###
Jazz World Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 14.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$1,200 $400 $425 $450 $475

a. $41.25

b. $45.84

c. $50.93

d. $56.59

e. $62.88

E

###
Barry Company is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 12.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5

Cash flows -$1,100 $400 $390 $380 $370 $360

a. $250.15

b. $277.94

c. $305.73

d. $336.31

e. $369.94

B

###
Datta Computer Systems is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,100 $450 $470 $490

a. 9.70%

b. 10.78%

c. 11.98%

d. 13.31%

e. 14.64%

D

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Simkins Renovations Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$850 $300 $290 $280 $270

a. 13.13%

b. 14.44%

c. 15.89%

d. 17.48%

e. 19.22%

A

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Maxwell Feed & Seed is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's IRR? Note that a project's projected IRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5

Cash flows -$9,500 $2,000 $2,025 $2,050 $2,075 $2,100

a. 2.08%

b. 2.31%

c. 2.57%

d. 2.82%

e. 3.10%

C

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Last month, Lloyd's Systems analyzed the project whose cash flows are shown below. However, before the decision to accept or reject the project, the Federal Reserve took actions that changed interest rates and therefore the firm's WACC. The Fed's action did not affect the forecasted cash flows. By how much did the change in the WACC affect the project's forecasted NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it should be rejected.

Old WACC: 10.00% New WACC: 11.25%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,000 $410 $410 $410

a. -$18.89

b. -$19.88

c. -$20.93

d. -$22.03

e. -$23.13

D

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Lasik Vision Inc. recently analyzed the project whose cash flows are shown below. However, before Lasik decided to accept or reject the project, the Federal Reserve took actions that changed interest rates and therefore the firm's WACC. The Fed's action did not affect the forecasted cash flows. By how much did the change in the WACC affect the project's forecasted NPV? Note that a project's projected NPV can be negative, in which case it should be rejected.

Old WACC: 8.00% New WACC: 11.25%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,000 $410 $410 $410

a. -$59.03

b. -$56.08

c. -$53.27

d. -$50.61

e. -$48.08

A

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Ehrmann Data Systems is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's MIRR? Note that a project's projected MIRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$1,000 $450 $450 $450

a. 9.32%

b. 10.35%

c. 11.50%

d. 12.78%

e. 14.20%

E

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Ingram Electric Products is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's MIRR? Note that a project's projected MIRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 11.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$800 $350 $350 $350

a. 8.86%

b. 9.84%

c. 10.94%

d. 12.15%

e. 13.50%

E

###
Malholtra Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's MIRR? Note that a project's projected MIRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$850 $300 $320 $340 $360

a. 14.08%

b. 15.65%

c. 17.21%

d. 18.94%

e. 20.83%

B

###
Hindelang Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's MIRR? Note that a project's projected MIRR can be less than the WACC (and even negative), in which case it will be rejected.

WACC: 12.25%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$850 $300 $320 $340 $360

a. 13.42%

b. 14.91%

c. 16.56%

d. 18.22%

e. 20.04%

C

###
Stern Associates is considering a project that has the following cash flow data. What is the project's payback?

Year 0 1 2 3 4 5

Cash flows -$1,100 $300 $310 $320 $330 $340

a. 2.31 years

b. 2.56 years

c. 2.85 years

d. 3.16 years

e. 3.52 years

E

###
Fernando Designs is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's discounted payback?

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3

Cash flows -$900 $500 $500 $500

a. 1.88 years

b. 2.09 years

c. 2.29 years

d. 2.52 years

e. 2.78 years

B

###
Masulis Inc. is considering a project that has the following cash flow and WACC data. What is the project's discounted payback?

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

Cash flows -$950 $525 $485 $445 $405

a. 1.61 years

b. 1.79 years

c. 1.99 years

d. 2.22 years

e. 2.44 years

D

###
Tesar Chemicals is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. The CEO believes the IRR is the best selection criterion, while the CFO advocates the NPV. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher IRR rather than the one with the higher NPV, how much, if any, value will be forgone, i.e., what's the chosen NPV versus the maximum possible NPV? Note that (1) "true value" is measured by NPV, and (2) under some conditions the choice of IRR vs. NPV will have no effect on the value gained or lost.

WACC: 7.50%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,100 $550 $600 $100 $100

CFL -$2,700 $650 $725 $800 $1,400

a. $138.10

b. $149.21

c. $160.31

d. $171.42

e. $182.52

A

###
A firm is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. The CEO wants to use the IRR criterion, while the CFO favors the NPV method. You were hired to advise the firm on the best procedure. If the wrong decision criterion is used, how much potential value would the firm lose?

WACC: 6.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,025 $380 $380 $380 $380

CFL -$2,150 $765 $765 $765 $765

a. $188.68

b. $198.61

c. $209.07

d. $219.52

e. $230.49

C

###
Sexton Inc. is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher IRR, how much value will be forgone? Note that under certain conditions choosing projects on the basis of the IRR will not cause any value to be lost because the one with the higher IRR will also have the higher NPV, so no value will be lost if the IRR method is used. !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

WACC: 10.25%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$2,050 $750 $760 $770 $780

CFL -$4,300 $1,500 $1,518 $1,536 $1,554

a. $134.79

b. $141.89

c. $149.36

d. $164.29

e. $205.36

C

###
Moerdyk & Co. is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher IRR, how much value will be forgone? Note that under certain conditions choosing projects on the basis of the IRR will not cause any value to be lost because the one with the higher IRR will also have the higher NPV, i.e., no conflict will exist.

WACC: 10.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,025 $650 $450 $250 $50

CFL -$1,025 $100 $300 $500 $700

a. $5.47

b. $6.02

c. $6.62

d. $7.29

e. $7.82

E

###
Kosovski Company is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and are not repeatable. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher IRR, how much value will be forgone? Note that under some conditions choosing projects on the basis of the IRR will cause $0.00 value to be lost.

WACC: 7.75%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,050 $675 $650

CFL -$1,050 $360 $360 $360 $360

a. $11.45

b. $12.72

c. $14.63

d. $16.82

e. $19.35

B

###
Nast Inc. is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher MIRR rather than the one with the higher NPV, how much value will be forgone? Note that under some conditions choosing projects on the basis of the MIRR will cause $0.00 value to be lost.

WACC: 8.75%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,100 $375 $375 $375 $375

CFL -$2,200 $725 $725 $725 $725

a. $32.12

b. $35.33

c. $38.87

d. $40.15

e. $42.16

D

###
Yonan Inc. is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the shorter payback, some value may be forgone. How much value will be lost in this instance? Note that under some conditions choosing projects on the basis of the shorter payback will not cause value to be lost.

WACC: 10.25%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$950 $500 $800 $0 $0

CFL -$2,100 $400 $800 $800 $1,000

a. $24.14

b. $26.82

c. $29.80

d. $33.11

e. $36.42

D

###
Noe Drilling Inc. is considering Projects S and L, whose cash flows are shown below. These projects are mutually exclusive, equally risky, and not repeatable. The CEO believes the IRR is the best selection criterion, while the CFO advocates the MIRR. If the decision is made by choosing the project with the higher IRR rather than the one with the higher MIRR, how much, if any, value will be forgone, i.e., what's the NPV of the chosen project versus the maximum possible NPV? Note that (1) "true value" is measured by NPV, and (2) under some conditions the choice of IRR vs. MIRR will have no effect on the value lost.

WACC: 7.00%

Year 0 1 2 3 4

CFS -$1,100 $550 $600 $100 $100

CFL -$2,750 $725 $725 $800 $1,400

a. $185.90

b. $197.01

c. $208.11

d. $219.22

e. $230.32

A