AP U.S. Test Review

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25 terms

BOSTON MASSACRE

the colonists telled insults and threw snowballs at some British soldiers; the redcoats fired into a crowd, killing five patriots

TOLERATION ACT

Maryland law giving religious freedom to all Christians

WRITS OF ASSISTANCE

warrants permitting the British to search colonial homes for smuggled goods

COMITTEE OF CORRESPONDENCE

members exchanged letters telling local anti-British activities in the years before the Revolutionary War.

PILGRIMS

they seprated form the church of england, and calme to AMerica for religious freedom; before landing at Plymouth, Massachuisetts, the people set forth rules for theier colony in the Mayflower COmpact; the colonists and Indians celebrated the first Thanksgiving in 1621

LEXINGTON&CONCORD

Paul Revere and William Dawes warned the minutemen that the redcoats were marching out of Bostonl; the colonists met the British and fought the opening battles of the American Revolution in these towns

INTOLERABLE ACTS

when the patriots staged the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed these harsh laws to punish the people of Massachusetts

BOYCOTT

a refusal to buy goods in order to force a change in policy; the colonists used this tactic to get Parliament to repeal some of its strict trade and tax policies

JAMESTOWN

it was the first permanent English settlemnet in America; because of the strict rules set forth by John Smith--"no work, no food"-- the colonists survuved the "starving time"

FRENCH&INDIAN WAR

the British and the Americans together drove the French from North America after winning the Battle at Quebec

PARLIAMENT

lawmaking body in Great Britian which taxed the colonies and limited trade

PURITANS

left England and settled in the Boston area; started the Massachusetts Bay Colony in order to enjoy freedom of religion

MAYFLOWER COMPACT

document granting permission to start a colony in America

TOWN MEETING

the gathering of people in a New England town for the purpose of marking their own local laws

DECLERATION OF INDEPENDENCE

announced that the new "United States of America" was an independent country free of British rule

CHARTER

agreement among the Pilgrims which set up their own government

HOUSE OF BURGESSES

first representative government in America; voters in Virginia elected their own lawmakers

SONS OF LIBERTY

harassed British tax collectors and other officials; dumped tea into Boston harbor

NEW NETHERLAND

Dutch colony seized by the English and renamed New York

NORTHWEST PASSAGE

a short-cut through North America to Asia, which the explorers hoped to find

FUNDAMENTAL ORDERS OF CONNECTICUT

the first constitution--written plan of governement--- in America

LINE OF DEMARCATION

it sepeated newly discoverd lands around the world between Spain and Portugal; it was drawn by the Pope in order to avoid disputes over land claims which might lead to war

REVOLUTIONARY WAR

conflict in which Americans defeated the British, and became an independent nation

MERCANTILISM

economic system used by the British, and became an independent nation

NAVIGATION ACTS

laws which required the colonies to trade mostly with England

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