Exam 6 - Respiratory System

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bronchiectasis

A disease characterized by bronchial dilation that usually leads to secondary infection is:

mediastinoscopy

The visual examination of the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, and thymus is:

percussion

Gently tapping the chest with fingers to determine the position, size, or consistency of underlying structures is called:

True

Inflammation of the pleural membranes is called pleurisy.

coal, coal dust

anthrac/o

pleur/o

pleura

atel/o

incomplete, imperfect

coni/o

dust

orth/o

straight

cyan/o

blue

pector/o

chest

spir/o

breathe

phren/o

diaphragm, mind

lob/o

lobe

pneum/o

air, lung

alveol/o

alveolus (plural- alveoli)

empyema

The presence of pus in the pleural cavity is:

anosmia

The term for absence of smell is:

rale

An abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation is a/an:

-ptysis

A suffix that means spitting is:

pulmonary edema

The accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli is:

cystic fibrosis

The sweat test is used to diagnose:

pulmonary capillaries

The diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the blood occurs in the:

parietal pleura

The outermost membrane that lines the thoracic cavity is the:

exhalation

The expelling of carbon dioxide from the lungs is called:

True

Infant respiratory distress syndrome is also called hyaline membrane disease.

coryza

The term that means head cold is:

oximetry

Which of the following is a noninvasive test that monitors the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen?

atelectasis

collapsed or airless lung

empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

surfactant

phospholipid that allows the lungs that expand with ease

consolidation

solidification of the lungs

emphysema

disease characterized by decrease in alveolar elasticity

epistaxis

nosebleed, nasal hemorrhage

pertussis

whooping cough

polysomnography

test of sleep cycles and stages

antihistamines

relieve nasal congestion and seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms

antitussives

relieve or suppress coughing

decongestants

decrease mucous membrane swelling to alleviate nasal stuffiness

expectorants

reduce the viscosity of the sputum to facilitate productive coughing

septoplasty

surgery to correct a deviated nasal septum

pneumonectomy

excision of the entire lung

stridor

Which of the following is a high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or by an obstruction in the upper airway?

-capnia

The suffix for carbon dioxide is:

chest

The combining form thorac/o means:

antral lavage

The irrigation of paranasal sinuses with a stream of water or other fluid is called:

hypercapnia

Excess carbon dioxide in blood is:

True

Postural drainage involves positioning a patient so gravity aids in the discharge of secretions from bronchi.

-phonia

The suffix for voice is:

True

Ventilation is the movement of air into and out of the lungs.

nosebleed

The term epistaxis means:

mediastinum

The space in the chest between the lungs is the:

paroxysm

The term that means sudden recurrence or intensification of a disease is:

rapid

The prefix tachy- means:

True

The membrane lying over the lungs is the visceral pleura.

Mantoux test

Which of the following is an intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity?:

pneumonia

The term that refers to an inflammatory condition of the lungs is:

emphysema

The inability of alveoli to contract because of their decreased elasticity is:

the sense of smell

Olfactory means pertaining to:

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