Medterm Chapter 9

57 terms by daczkocm

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coccyx

tailbone

subluxation

incomplete or partial dislocation

rickets

softening of the bones caused by vitamin deficiency

spondylolisthesis

slipped vertebrae

claudication

lameness, limping

muscular dystrophy

degeneration of the muscles

talipes

congenital deformity of the foot, which is twisted out of shape or position

prosthesis

artificial part used for replacement of missing limb

hypotonia

loss of muscular tonicity

greenstick fracture

bone that is partially bent and partially broken; occurs in children

kyphosis

abnormal curvature of spine (hunchback)

osteoporosis

decrease in bone density; occurs in elderly

comminuted fracture

bone that has splintered into pieces

phantom limb

perceived sensation following amputation that limb still exists

gout

metabolic disease caused by accumulation of uric acid, usually a big toe

necrosis

death cells, tissues, or organs

myasthenia gravis

chronic neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness manifested in ocular muscles

The plural form of pelvis is:

pelves

Rheumatoid arthritis is believed to be an autoimmune disease

True

osteoblasts

bone-forming cells

ganglion cyst

A tumor of the tendon sheath or joint capsule, commonly found in the wrist,

meatus

An opening or passageway

ankyl/o

stiffness, bent, cooked

arthr/o

joint

my/o

muscle

lord/o

curve

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

orth/o

straight

oste/o

bone

thorac/o

chest

cephal/o

head

dactyl/o

fingers, toes

ped/o

foot

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

diaphysis

The shaft or the long, main portion of the bone

arthroplasty

The surgical repair of a joint

Osteoarthritis often produces hard nodules at the distal interphalangeal joints.

True

The body movement that turns the palm down is:

pronation

sarcoma

A malignant tumor arising from bone

femor/o

thigh bone

tuberosity

large, rounded process on a bone

A type of fracture that involves a broken bone causing an external wound is called:

open

ankylosis

The stiffening and immobility of a joint is called:

supination

The action of turning the palm up is called:

spondylitis

Inflammation of the vertebrae

phalang/o

bones of fingers and toes

calcane/o

heel bone

Paget disease is also known as osteitis deformans.

True

Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and bone marrow.

True

diarthroses

freely movable joint

lordosis

abnormal condition of a swayback posture

-clasis

to break or surgical fracture

scoliosis

lateral curvature of the spine

laminectomy

surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a ruptured disc

brachi/o

arm

plantar felxion

An action that lowers the foot and points the toes is called:

Another term for articulation is:

joint

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