Name the three reasons why the English hoped to start a colony in America?
1. find gold and silver 2. find raw materials 3. trade with new people
Jamestown was started as a way to make money (true or false)
Who paid for the voyage to and the settling of Jamestown?
Virginia Company of London
Which settlement was the first permanent English settlement in North America?
In which year was Jamestown founded?
Jamestown is located on which river?
Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown to settle?
Easily defended, water deep enough for ships to dock, and settlers thought they found fresh water
Why were the charters of the Virginia Company of London important?
They gave the Virginia Company the right to start a settlement in North America. They gave English rights to the colonists.
What is the name of the first elected legislative body in america?
House of Burgesses
What was the job of a burgess?
What is the House of Burgesses called today?
General Assembly of Virginia
How did the arrival of women in 1620 change Jamestown?
Allowed them to raise families and made Jamestown a more permanent settlement
How did the the arrival of Africans change Jamestown?
Made it possible to grow more tobacco and make more money
How did planters treat the Africans?
Treated as property, they could be bought and sold (slaves)
What hard ships did the Jamestown settlers face?
Bad water, disease, no survival skills, starvation
What changes made it possible for survival of the Jamestown settlers?
Supply ships from England, Captain John Smiths work program, and agriculture
Who was the important leader of Jamestown who traded with the Powhatans Indians?
Captain John Smith
What items did Captain John Smith trade to the Powhatan Indians?
tools, pots, guns and trinkets
What did the Powhatan Indians trade with Captain John Smith?
food, furs and leather
Who was Pocahontas?
Chief Powhatan's daughter
How did the Powhatan Indians help the English grow better crops?
Taught them how to grow corn and tobacco
How did the Powhatan and English relationship change when the Powhatan's realized the English settlement would continue to grow?
The Indians saw the English as invaders who would take over their land
What is a cash crop?
A crop that is grown to sell for money?
The Virginia colony depended on agriculture as a source of wealth (true/false)
Who became the main source of free labor for the planting and growing tobacco?
How much were African slaves paid for their labor?
In which geographic regions of Virginia did the English settle?
Tidewater and Piedmont
The Germans and Scotch Irish settled in the ____ Valley
Africans settled in the ____ and ____ regions where agriculture required a great deal of labor?
In which geographic regions did the American Indians live?
Tidewater, Piedmont, and Appalachian Plateau
Which city was the first capital of Virginia
What is the name of the second capital of Virginia?
Why was the capital move from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Jamestown had bad water, dirty living condidtions, disease; fire destroyed most of the city. Williamsburg had clean water and was clean and nice.
Which city is the capital of Virginia now?
Why was the capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond?
Richmond was easier to protect, a more central location, and a better location for trade
What is money?
Currency, coins and bills of a country
What is barter?
Trading of goods and services without money
What is credit?
Buying a good and service now and paying for it later
What is debt?
a good or service owed to another
What is saving?
Money put away to save or to spend at a later time
Why did the Virginia colonists barter instead of using money
few people had paper money and coins
Which crop was used as money a Virginia colonists?
How many banks were there in colonial Virginia?