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Government Vocabulary

government

a political system which provides rulers and services for people

politician

a person elected to a government job (presidents,governer)

democracy

v.s political system in which the people have a voice in decision making and having rights

republic

a political system in which people elect representitives to speak to them

dictatorship

rule by one person (dictator). citizens have few rights.

Declaration of Independence

July 4 1776, stated the reasons why the united states was seperating from great britian

Constitution

1787, our written plan of government.

preamble

introduction to the constitution, it begins "We the people..." and explains why we have a constitution.

Branches

parts of our government:Legislative,Executive,and Judical

seperation of powers

Dividing the power of government into 3 branchesd so no branh becomes too powerful.

Legislative

branch which makes the law

Executive

branch which enforces or carries out the law

judicial

branch which judges or interprets the law

checks and balences

each branch has ways to make sure other branches do not have too much power.

federalism

dividing the power of governments between the national (federal) and the state or local governments

federal

national level,for the whole new country

state

level of government for new york state

local

level of government for county,city,town,and village

amendment

to change or add to the constituion. amendments keep our contitution able to adapt to changing conditions in our history

bill of rights

first 10 amendments to the constitution

constituional

agrees with the constituion

unconstitutional

goes against the constitution

majority

more than half

minority

less than half

repeal

when the legislative branch takes back a law so that it is no longer a law

appeal

to ask a higher court to hear a case

sufferage

the right to vote

census

count of the number of people used to decide representation

compromise

to give in to form an agreement. one compromise in the constititon was called the "Great Compromise" and gave us two houses of congress

Civil rights

legal rights of citizens of the united states

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