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Chylomicrons

After a High fat meal, which of the following carries dietary lipids in the blood? (micelles, chylomicrons, low-density lipoproteins, very low density lipoproteins)

An herb-derived Sweetener

What is stevia?

12

How many hydrogens does a six carbon monosaccharide contain?

Primary

Which of the following protein structures is not affected by denaturation? (primary, secondary, tertiary, quaternary)

An aldehyde group

All of the fallowing are contained in an amino acid EXCEPT (an acid group, an amino group, an aldehyde group, a central carbon atom)

Trans Fats

Gram for gram, what types of fats increases risk of death from CVD the most?

Both are synthesized in the body

Which of the following characteristics are shared by cholestorol and lecithin? (neither provide a source of energy, neither are organic, both are essential nutrients, both are synthesized in the body)

glycogen, protein, and fat

a person who is starving is losing

Proteins attract water

What is the relationship between body proteins and water?

Protein

A high concentration of which of the following is characteristic of a high density lipoprotein?

small intestine

The enzymes that digest disaccharides into monosaccharides are produced by the

Tyrosine

What amino acid is classified as conditionally essential when dietary intake of phenylalanine is insufficient or the body cannot normally metabolize phenylalanine?

Digested b gastrointestinal proteases

What is the usual fate of orally ingested enzyme supplements.

Cellulose

What is described as a nonstarch polysaccharide

20

According to the dietary Guidelines, what should be the minimum total fat intake as a percentage of energy intake

Soluble in both water and fat

What is a feature of phospholipids

Muscle and Liver

Glycogen is stored mainly in what tissues

edema

Tissue swelling htat results from water accumulating between cells is known as

Act as messenger molecules

Characteristic of hormones

adequate levels of carbs and fat

Protein sparing in the body is best achieved when a person ingests

Protein

Used to form ketones

Lactose

Sugar only found in animal sources

Canola Oil

Cooking with this fat will help lower blood cholesterol levels

mouth

Enzymatic digestion of starches takes place in the small intestine and also in the

Fructose

Sweetest in taste

Essential long chain fatty acids

What are the precursors for synthesis of the eicosanoids?

Inability of the liver to synthesize lipoproteins for fat export

What is the most likely explanation for the fatty liver that develops from protein deficiency observed in Kwashiorkor?

Linoleic Acid

Which of the following is NOT an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid?

Hydrolyzes blood triglycerides for uptake into cells

What is the function of lipoprotein lipase?

It binds bile and cholesterol in the small intestine and prevents its absorption

How does soluble fiber decrease serum cholesterol levels?

Roasted Turkey

Which of the following foods contains cholesterol? (corn, olives, roasted turkeys, roasted peanuts)

Fish Oils

All of the following are rich sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids except.. (palm oil, fish oils, soybean oil, safflower oil)

The function of transfer RNA is to assist in absorption of amino acids into the cell

Which of the following describes a process in protein synthesis?

edema

Which of the followings is a characteristic of Kwashiorkor but not Marasmus? (dehydration, shrunken liver, edema, low weight for height)

95%

What percentage of the lipids found in foods are triglycerides?

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