Biology 1151: Lecture Exam 4-Chapters 31, 32, 33, 34 -College of Dupage

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Biology 1151: College of Dupage; Dr. Ludded; Lecture Exam 4; Kim kwas

Hyphae:

Multicellular fungi typically form from a network of tiny filaments called _____.

Chitin:

Fungal cell walls are strengthened by ____, which is a strong, flexible nitrogen-containing polysaccharide.

Fungi / Animalia:

The kingdoms ____ and ____ are more closely related to each other than either is to plants or most other eukaryotes.

Nucleariids:

_____, a group of single-celled protists, are the closest living relatives of fungi.

Chytrids:

_____ are one of the major fungal groups that is present in lakes and soil.

Zygomycetes:

______ are one of the major fungal groups which includes the fast-growing molds that cause food to rot. Ex: Rhizopus stolonifer-black bread mold

Glomeromycetes:

_____ are one of the major fungal groups and nearly all of the 160 species form arbuscular mycorrhizae with plant roots.

Ascomycetes:

_____ are one of the major fungal groups commonly called sac fungi; morel and truffle mushrooms are in this group.

Basidiomycetes:

_____ are one of the major fungal groups that include muschrooms, puffballs and shelf fungi.

Mycosis:

______ is the general term for a fungal infection that afflicts animals.

Embryonic:

Animals are multicellular, heterotrophic eukaryotes w/tissues that develop from ______ layers.

Cell walls:

In contrast to plants and fungi, animal cells lack ____ _____.

Muscle / Nerve:

Many animals have two types of specialized cells not see in other multicellular organisms: ____ cells and ____ cells.

Cleavage:

____ is the succession of mitotic cell divisions without cell growth between division cycles.

Gastrulation:

_____ is the process during which layers of embryonic tissues that will develop into adult body parts, are produced.

Bilateral symmerty:

Two sided symmetry (like us); ______ _______

Ectoderm:

____ is the germ layer covering the surface of the embryo, which gives rise to the outer cover of an animal.

Endoderm:

_____ is the innermost germ layer that gives rise to the digestive tract and other organs.

Mesoderm:

All bilaterally symmetrical animals have a third germ layer, called the _____, which is between the ectoderm and endoderm.

Animals:

All _____ share a common ancestor.

Invertebrates / 95 :

______ are animals that lack a backbone and account for ____% of known animal species.

Tardigrada:

____ are sometimes called water bears because of their shape and gait; can survive temperatures as low as -272 C.

Cephalopods:

_____ are the only molluscs with a closed circulatory system. Ex: squids, octopuses.

Arthropods:

Two out of every three species are _____, and members of the phylum arthropoda.

Cheliceriforms:

The bulk of modern _______ are arachnids, which includes scorpions, spiders, ticks and mites.

Vertebrates:

____ are animals with a series of bones that make up the vertebral column or backbone.

Chordates:

_____ have a notochord and a dorsal, hollow nerve cord.

Post-anal tail:

One of the chordate characteristics is a muscular, ____-____ ____.

Pharyngeal slits:

One of the chordate characteristics are ____ ____.

Lancelets:

The animals called _____ get their name from their bladelike shape.

Gnathostomes:

_____ had fins and jaws that enabled them to grab prey.

Tetrapods:

____ are gnathostomes that have limbs.

Amniotes:

_____ are tetrapods that have a terrestrially adapted egg.

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