Chapter 13

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Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty while he was taking a difficult test, Harley concluded that he was "anxious." Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty when an attractive lady asked him to dance, Harley concluded that he was "falling in love." The differing emotions experienced by Harley can best be explained by the:

two-factor theory.

Which of the following best explains why both million-dollar lottery winners and paraplegics report similar levels of happiness?

the adaptation-level phenomenon

As a member of the diplomatic corps, Alex was given special training in the customs, language, and religions of the Third World country where he would be living. However, Alex probably needed little training to correctly interpret his hosts' expressions of emotions as revealed by their:

facial expressions.

The feel-good, do-good phenomenon refers to the fact that when people feel happy they:

are more willing to help others.

Which of the following best describes task performance?

It is best when physiological arousal is moderate.

Mr. Hanson is strongly suspected of embezzling money from his employer. He has denied the allegation. To determine whether he is lying, investigators are most likely to ask Mr. Hanson to take a(n) _____ test.

polygraph

People are especially good at quickly detecting facial expressions of:

anger

Researchers have found that people experience cartoons as more amusing while holding a pen with their teeth than while holding it with their lips. This best illustrates the:

facial feedback effect.

The idea that an emotion-arousing stimulus is simultaneously routed to the cortex and to the sympathetic nervous system is central to the:

Cannon-Bard theory.

A hormone that increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels in times of emergency is:

epinephrine.

Which brain structure has been found to be especially important in learning to fear specific objects?

amygdala

Anger is to rage as fear is to:

terror.

Rosaria is upset with her husband for not putting his dirty clothes in the laundry basket. Anger experts would most likely recommend that she deal with her frustration by saying to him:

"It annoys me that you leave your dirty clothes for me to pick up."

The two-factor theory of emotion places more emphasis on the importance of _____ than do other theories of emotion.

cognitive activity

Astrid was emotionally aroused by a TV horror movie. She became extremely angry when her younger brother momentarily blocked her view of the screen. When her movie viewing was interrupted by a phone call from her boyfriend, however, she experienced unusually intense romantic feelings. Astrid's different emotional reactions to her brother and her boyfriend are best explained by the:

two-factor theory.

A psychotherapist suggests that Theresa can effectively reduce the anger she feels toward her ex-boyfriend by tearing pictures of him into little pieces. This therapeutic technique is based on the:

catharsis hypothesis.

Haley's parents bought her a used bicycle for her birthday. She was thrilled until she learned that her best friend received a brand new bicycle on her birthday. Haley's declining satisfaction illustrates the:

relative deprivation principle.

When the mayor ordered a salary increase for the city's police officers, there was a sudden loss of morale among the city's firefighters. The firefighters' sudden dissatisfaction best illustrates the:

relative deprivation principle.

Researchers have found that certain factors are related to happiness. One of these is that happy people tend to:

have a satisfying marriage or close friendship.

The relative deprivation principle refers to the tendency for our personal happiness to be heavily influenced by:

others' attainments.

Research on nonverbal communication indicates that:

blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.

After being physically aroused by his daily three-mile run, Martin finds that he experiences stronger resentment if his wife asks for an unexpected favor and more intense romantic feelings if she kisses him. Martin's experience can best be explained by the:

two-factor theory.

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