Fundamentals of Speech Final

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As Amanda analyzed the audience for her speech about organic foods, she focused on such things such as the gender, age, and cultural background. In doing so, she was engaging in ______ audience analysis.

demographic

In her speech introduction, Kailyn asked, "Have you ever looked through out family photo albums and laughed. . ."

identification

Fran Breit, a golf pro at a local municipal course, has been asked by a social club to give a talk about how to play golf. What is probably the most important factor for Fran to consider in preparing her presentation?

the audiences' knowledge of the topic

Creating an oversimplified image of a particular group or assuming that all members of the same group are alike is called

stereotype

If you were constructing an audience-analysis questionnaire and wanted to learn how many of your listeners had ever heard of the Salem Witch Trials, which of the following would be the best kind of question to ask?

fixed-alternative question

According to your textbook, what are the three primary factors to consider when assessing an audience's disposition toward a speech topic?

knowledge, interest, and attitude

Which of the following elements usually has the greatest impact on the length a speech should be?

the occasion for the speech

Audience analysis is an important factor for which of the following?

selecting a topic, organizing the speech, and choosing supporting materials (all of the above)

If you were constructing an audience-analysis questionnaire and wanted to learn why some of your listeners had not signed organ donor cards, which of the following would be the best kind of question to ask?

open-ended question

When making up an audience analysis questionnaire, you should use _____ questions to get at the strength of a respondent's attitudes or feelings.

scale

The major advantage of using fixed-alternative questions in an audience analysis questionnaire is that they

produce clear, unambiguous answers

Which of the following elements usually has the greatest impact on the length a speech should be?

the occasion of the speech

If you were giving an informative speech to a general audience on the presidency of JFK, the most important factor to consider when analyzing your audience would probably be

group membership

The connotative meaning of a word is

what the word suggests or implies

Jerome wants his audience to appreciate the harsh reality of life for migrant workers in the U.S. In addition to using strong supporting materials, he decide to use words with connotative meanings because he knows they will help him

arose an emotional response

Which of the following is discussed in your textbook as a basic criterion for the effective use of language in public speaking?

use language appropriately and use language clearly (b and c)

Which of the following words is the most general and abstract?

publication

"My teacher was a gardener nurturing the seeds of knowledge" is an example of

metaphor

"Just like an iceberg, the important dimensions of culture are below the surface" is an example of

simile

Sofia has prepared her speech in great detail. She is practicing to deliver it from a brief set of notes, and every time she goes through the speech, she uses slightly different wording. What kind of delivery is Sofia planning to use?

extemporaneous

What advice does your textbook give for practicing speech delivery?

practice in front of friends and family and practice delivering your speech with visual aid (a and b only)

What does your textbook advise regarding the use of gestures in a speech?

gestures should be suited to the audience and occasion and should appear natural and spontaneous. (a and c only)

It is in the ______ of your voice that reveals whether you are asking a question or making a statement, whether you are being sincere or sarcastic.

inflection

According to your textbook, saying "didja" instead of "did you" is an error in

articulation

Carl's mother is from England and calls oregano a "herb" but his father is from the U.S and calls it an "erb". According to your textbook, the difference in how the word sounds is a matter of

dialect

Nonverbal communication includes a speaker's

gestures and eye contact (a and b only)

During her speech on malpractice insurance, the head of the local branch of AMA consistently avoided eye contact with her audience . . .

insincere

What does your textbook recommend as the first step of practicing delivery?

Go through your preparation outline aloud to see if what is written works orally

What advice does your textbook give for practicing speech delivery?

all of the above

Which of the following is an instance of persuasive speaking?

an architectural firm recommending adoption of its building plans

According to your textbook, persuasive speakers have an ethical obligation to

learn about all sides on an issue and present their evidence fairly and accurately (a and c)

According to your textbook, persuasive speakers have an ethical obligation to

all of the above

Which of the following is an instance of persuasive speaking?

a developer urging the city council to build a new convention center

Of all the kinds of speechmaking, ___ speaking is the most complex and most challenging.

persuasive

As your textbook explains, if you want to persuade a skeptical audience, you need to

anser the reasons for the audience's skepticism.

Which of the following is an instance of persuasive speaking?

a developer urging the city council to build a new convention center

Black circulated a questionnaire. . .

target audience

The three types of questions that give rise to persuasive speeches are questions of

value, fact, and policy

The ___ is the portion of the whole audience that the speaker most wants to persuade.

targe audience.

As explained in your textbook, at which of the following would you be most likely to hear a persuasive speech on a question of fact?

a jury trial

"To persuade my audience that cheating on schoolwork is never justified" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of

value

"To persuade my audience that the National Park Service should reduece the number of camp sites in national parks by 50%" is a specific purpose statement for a persuasive speech on a question of

policy

A persuasive speech exploring truth or falsity of an assertion is knob as a speech on a question of

fact

Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech passive agreement?

To persuade my audience that the college should adopt an honor code.

Which of the following specific purpose statements is from a persuasive speech seeking immediate action

To persuade my audience to write to the U.S. senators

Nina's persuasive speech contained the following statement. . . .

need

According to your textbook, the credibility of a speaker produced by everything the speaker says or does during the speech itself is called

derived credibility

A local landlord with a reputation for failing to return security deposits. . .

low initial credibility

Developer Martin Cray has low credibility when he began his speech. . .

derived

When giving a persuasive speech to an audience that oppose your point of view, it is especially important that you use __ to answer their objections to your views

evidence

According o your textbook, what kind of reason is using in the following statement? The lack of a national law. .

reasoning from specific instances

As your textbook explains, reasoning is

the process of drawing a conclusion on the basis of evidence

According to your textbook, what kind of reasoning is used in the following statement? U.S children. .

causal reasoning

In her speech on chewing tobacco, Catherine made the following argument:

reasoning from principle

Which of the following does your textbook say about causal reasoning?

causal reasoning can be tricky because the relationship between cause and effects is not always clear

According to your textbook, the most important question to ask when assessing analogical reasoning in a persuasive speech is:

whether the two cases being compared are essentially alike

What kind of reasoning is used the following passage? The Amber Alert system. .

analogical reasoning

The following statement is an example of reasoning from ____. This program was implemented. .

analogy

What kind of reasoning is used in the following statement? Coloring old movies. .

analogical

What error in reasoning is exemplified by the following statement? French movies are dull.

hasty generalization

What error in reason is exemplified by the following statement? Both of my roommates drink at least . .

invalid analogy

According to your textbook, the following statement is what kind of fallacy? Almost every state in the U.S. . . .

bandwagon

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what kind of fallacy? Of course I have a plan to reduce our dependency on foreign oil. .

red herring

An either-or-fallacy

forces listeners to choose between two alternative when more than two alternatives exists

According to your textbook, the following statements is an example of what type of fallacy? We only have two choices.

either-or- fallacy

A slippery slope fallacy

assumes that taking a first step will inevitably lead to other steps that cannot be prevented

According to your textbook, how can you avoid slippery slope fallacy if you think that taking a first step will lead to bad consequences?

use evidence or reasoning to prove that the consequences will occur

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy? There is no need to change. .

appeal to tradition

According to your textbook, the following statement is an example of what type of fallacy? The same hiring process has been used. .

appeal to tradition

Which of the following is an example of a speech presentation?

a speech presenting the annual earnings report to shareholders

Which of the following is an example of a speech of presentation?

a speech presenting an award to an outstanding student

At a comedy awards show, Adam Sandler gives a splendid speech explaining why David Lettermen. .

a speech of presentation

According to your textbook, in a speech of acceptance, a speaker should usually

thank the people who are bestowing the award and express appreciation for the people who helped him/her gain the award (a and c)

According to your textbook, the major traits of a good acceptance speech are brevity, humility, and

graciousness

As your textbook explains, when giving a commemorative speech, a speaker should take care to

avoid falling back on cliches and trite sentiments

At the dedication of the national WWII memorial, Tom Hanks gave a speech praising Americans who fought and sacrificed during the war. According to your textbook, this is a

commemorative speech

Which of the following speeches that you might hear on a college campus would be an example of a commemorative speech?

a governor's remarks at the graduation ceremony

Which of the following is an example of a commemorative speech?

a speech honoring MLK

Which of the following is an example of a commemorative speech?

a daughter's eulogy in honor of her father

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