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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define the two types of cravings.
  2. What standards guild the BH of an IM individual?
  3. Altruism is defined as?
  4. Describe the mechanism, that according to the Perception-Action Theory lies at the core of empathetic capacity.
  5. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe neuroadaptations.
  1. a Personal standard/moral responsibility they feel. It is internalized and personally important nonprejudicial standard.If they fail to live up to it they feel guilty.It is intrinsic.
  2. b Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
  3. c Helping at cost to self
  4. d these render the brains rewards system hypersensitive (sensitized) to drug effects and drug associated stimuli (cues). Activated through S-S connections such as context it was used in, place, smell, sounds.)
  5. e Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
  2. Brain system is sensitized and DO NO mediate LIKING: the pleasurable or euphoric effects of drugs.
  3. the underlying A-process. Initially pleasant A-state is large, followed by a small B-state.With repeated use the opponent B-process increases in magnitude and duration...resulting in an experience dominated by the unpleasant symptoms associated with WD.
  4. S-R habits=CS>US>incentive salience> pursuit>CS(loops). Sensitized incentive salience=CS>US>STRONGER incentive salience (due to being OVERSENSITIZED)>pursuit (does not end in a loop).
  5. Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.

5 True/False questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe the IND var. , the INT. var., and the DEP. var.IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.


  2. According to kinship theory why do individuals help others?sacrificing reproductive process for the reproductive success of offspring


  3. Latham and SaariA "modern" kind of prejudice held by people who do not consider themselves prejudiced and who would find any accusation of being prejudiced aversive, BUT who nevertheless harbor some negative beliefs and hostile feelings toward members of minority groups.


  4. In Model of Goals Setting Theory, what are the essential elements?As goal specificity and difficulty increase , goal related performance increases.


  5. In Work Motivation what are the "can do" "will do", "allowed to do"?Ability, Motivation, and Situational constraints


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