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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction define compulsive drug seeking.
  2. Into what 3 categories can egoistic explanations be directed?
  3. What are the main features of the Incentive-sensitization model (Berridge)?
  4. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe "liking".
  5. Why do high IM individuals fail to show compensatory BH?
  1. a 1. Receiving material, Social and Self-rewards. 2. Avoid punishments. 3. Reduce arousal
  2. b A compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over all other activities...the inability to stop using.
  3. c They already know they are not prejudice and feel no need to exhibit that internalized value to others.
  4. d S-R habits=CS>US>incentive salience> pursuit>CS(loops). Sensitized incentive salience=CS>US>STRONGER incentive salience (due to being OVERSENSITIZED)>pursuit (does not end in a loop).
  5. e Brain system is sensitized and DO NO mediate LIKING: the pleasurable or euphoric effects of drugs.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Taken because they are positively reinforcing and feel good.
  2. As goal specificity and difficulty increase , goal related performance increases.
  3. Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.
  4. Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
  5. Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.

5 True/False questions

  1. Describe 3 critical components of work performance.24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.


  2. What is external motivation to respond without prejudice (EM)?Personal standard a person feels they must live up to that influences both their public and private behaviors.


  3. For high EM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.This individual would not be motivated to exhibit compensatory BH.Their morals are internalized.


  4. In Work Motivation what are the "can do" "will do", "allowed to do"?Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"


  5. What specific neural mechanisms developed to confer survival advantages?Baby cry>neural mechanism>attending to needs. "defeated other">neural mech.>consolation. Need to learn skill> neural mech.>imitation. Neural Mechanisms>Altruism


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