5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- According to Cameron how can rewards be administered so that they will not impair intrinsic motivation?
- Describe the Deci study.
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define reward system.
- In the discussion of Drug Addiction define compulsive drug seeking.
- According to egoism theory, why do individuals help others?
- a Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.
- b because they expect to benefit either directly or indirectly from helping
- c A compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over all other activities...the inability to stop using.
- d Reward contingencies enhance perceptions of autonomy and self-determination
- e 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Ability, Motivation, and Situational constraints
- Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
- Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.
- Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.
- Helping at cost to self
5 True/False questions
How does drug abuse develop according to Positive reinforcement interpretation? → Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.
In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define the two types of cravings. → Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
Pitfalls of goal setting → 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
In Model of Goals Setting Theory, what are the essential elements? → Goal Core (specificity, difficulty, performance and learning goals), Moderators (goal commitment and importance, self-efficacy, feedback, task complexity)Mechanisms(commitment,importance,self-efficacy,feedback,complexity),Both moderators and mechanisms are Int.Variables. All three lead effect Performance(productivity,cost-improvement). Then there is Willingness to commit and Satisfaction w/performance which both loop back to Moderators.
In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe the IND var. , the INT. var., and the DEP. var. → IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.