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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Describe method involved and result sof study by Masserman
  2. Describe the mechanism, that according to the Perception-Action Theory lies at the core of empathetic capacity.
  3. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define reward system.
  4. Altruism is defined as?
  5. According to kinship theory why do individuals help others?
  1. a Subject: macaque monkeys. Goal of the study was to find the motivation of and influencing factors in altruistic behavior.Monkey taught pull lever=food. Then place in cell where a different cell had electric floor (Plexiglas between and SOUND PROOFED. After pulling lever that fed full amount of meal other monkey was shocked.Result:10.15 pulled shocking lever less than the other lever.1 pulled NEITHER lever for 5 days.! pulled NEITHER for 12 days.BH shown to be effected by familiarity and previous exposure to shock.NOT factors:age,size,sex dominance
  2. b Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.
  3. c Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
  4. d sacrificing reproductive process for the reproductive success of offspring
  5. e Helping at cost to self

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
  2. Reward contingencies enhance perceptions of autonomy and self-determination
  3. S-R habits=CS>US>incentive salience> pursuit>CS(loops). Sensitized incentive salience=CS>US>STRONGER incentive salience (due to being OVERSENSITIZED)>pursuit (does not end in a loop).
  4. Baby cry>neural mechanism>attending to needs. "defeated other">neural mech.>consolation. Need to learn skill> neural mech.>imitation. Neural Mechanisms>Altruism
  5. Through repeated activation of reward system stress/emotion systems are strengthened adding negative affects to the once positive effects. Adds a little rain to the happy party.

5 True/False questions

  1. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.Process by which drug-taking BH becomes a compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over other activities. Inability to stop using...often results in relapse.


  2. For high IM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.This individual would not be motivated to exhibit compensatory BH.Their morals are internalized.


  3. How does drug abuse develop according to Positive reinforcement interpretation?Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.


  4. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Addiciton.Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.


  5. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define With-In system neuroadaptation.Activation of an opposing circuitry (stress system)


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