5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- How does drug abuse develop according to the Opponent Process Theory?
- In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Addiciton.
- Describe 3 critical components of work performance.
- Describe the Deci study.
- What is aversive racism?
- a A "modern" kind of prejudice held by people who do not consider themselves prejudiced and who would find any accusation of being prejudiced aversive, BUT who nevertheless harbor some negative beliefs and hostile feelings toward members of minority groups.
- b Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.
- c Process by which drug-taking BH becomes a compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over other activities. Inability to stop using...often results in relapse.
- d Situational constraints: anything in the environment that might facilitate or retard behavior. Ability: regarded as fairly stable within each individual. Motivation: the final determinant of behavior.
- e 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- As goal specificity and difficulty increase , goal related performance increases.
- Part of normal homeostatic limitations of reward, fail to return to a homeostatic state. The systems become dysregulated. Reward functioning decreases but the stress system is still activating.
- Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"
- Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.
- Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.
5 True/False Questions
What standards guild the BH of an IM individual? → Personal standard/moral responsibility they feel. It is internalized and personally important nonprejudicial standard.If they fail to live up to it they feel guilty.It is intrinsic.
According to egoism theory, why do individuals help others? → because they expect to benefit either directly or indirectly from helping
Altruism is defined as? → 24 subjects Used 3D puzzles w/7 cube pieces.Measured time played w/puzzle when exp. left room. Time1-Control and Exp. config.same puzzles. Time 2:Exp. group PAID for each configuration completed.control not paid. Time 3: NO group Paid. Result:Experimental (paid)group spent less time config. puzzles..appears their intrinsic motivation was impaired by paying them. Control gourps intrinsic Mot. appears to have increase each time they completed the configurations.
In Work Motivation what are the "can do" "will do", "allowed to do"? → Wanting=Incentive salience Liking=Pleasurable or euphoric effect of drugs.
How does drug abuse develop according to Positive reinforcement interpretation? → Taken because they are positively reinforcing and feel good.