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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe neuroadaptations.
  2. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.
  3. Latham and Saari
  4. How does drug abuse develop according to the Opponent Process Theory?
  5. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define the two types of cravings.
  1. a Allostatic load is conseq. of repeated deviations from homeostasis, results in changed set points (dysregulation).Increased intake is to counteract negative symptoms and avoid WD symptoms.Person want sot feel good so attempts regulation because normal functioning has been dyregulated.
  2. b 60 subjects Material: Wood Directed to list uses for wood. Either told "do your best"..."assigned own goal"...or "Had goal assigned to them". Results: Setting a specific goal even if you don't set it yourself, leads to higher performance than "do your best".
  3. c Attempt to regulate over-activation of reward system.
  4. d these render the brains rewards system hypersensitive (sensitized) to drug effects and drug associated stimuli (cues). Activated through S-S connections such as context it was used in, place, smell, sounds.)
  5. e Type 1: induced by stimuli paired with drug self-administration such as environmental cues. Type 2: due to a protracted negative emotional state following drug withdrawal.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. As goal specificity and difficulty increase , goal related performance increases.
  2. Personal standard/moral responsibility they feel. It is internalized and personally important nonprejudicial standard.If they fail to live up to it they feel guilty.It is intrinsic.
  3. Activation of an opposing circuitry (stress system)
  4. Feel a social pressure to comply with nonprejudicial social norms.External locus of control.Fail to live up to it they threatened.
  5. the underlying A-process. Initially pleasant A-state is large, followed by a small B-state.With repeated use the opponent B-process increases in magnitude and duration...resulting in an experience dominated by the unpleasant symptoms associated with WD.

5 True/False Questions

  1. How does drug abuse develop according to Negative reinforcement interpretation?Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.

          

  2. What are the main features of the Incentive-sensitization model (Berridge)?S-R habits=CS>US>incentive salience> pursuit>CS(loops). Sensitized incentive salience=CS>US>STRONGER incentive salience (due to being OVERSENSITIZED)>pursuit (does not end in a loop).

          

  3. Identify IND. Var., INT, Var., and DEP var. involved in motivation to respond w/o prejudice?Personal standard a person feels they must live up to that influences both their public and private behaviors.

          

  4. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define reward system.Activation of circuits involved in positive reinforcement.

          

  5. In the discussion of Drug Addiction define compulsive drug seeking.these render the brains rewards system hypersensitive (sensitized) to drug effects and drug associated stimuli (cues). Activated through S-S connections such as context it was used in, place, smell, sounds.)

          

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