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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction define compulsive drug seeking.
  2. How does drug abuse develop according to Negative reinforcement interpretation?
  3. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Addiciton.
  4. According to egoism theory, why do individuals help others?
  5. Why do high IM individuals fail to show compensatory BH?
  1. a Taken because of negative reinforcement. The individual wants to escape the WD symptoms. The person wants to avoid the bad feeling that comes from not using.
  2. b A compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over all other activities...the inability to stop using.
  3. c because they expect to benefit either directly or indirectly from helping
  4. d They already know they are not prejudice and feel no need to exhibit that internalized value to others.
  5. e Process by which drug-taking BH becomes a compulsive BH of seeking and using drugs, taking precedence over other activities. Inability to stop using...often results in relapse.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. IND+drug cues (context). INT-Incentive salience (wanting). DEP=Compoulsive drug seeking and use.
  2. Empathy is the ultimate mechanism ANd when the subject tends to the objects state similar states are automatically and unconsciously activated
  3. Baby cry>neural mechanism>attending to needs. "defeated other">neural mech.>consolation. Need to learn skill> neural mech.>imitation. Neural Mechanisms>Altruism
  4. Goal Core (specificity, difficulty, performance and learning goals), Moderators (goal commitment and importance, self-efficacy, feedback, task complexity)Mechanisms(commitment,importance,self-efficacy,feedback,complexity),Both moderators and mechanisms are Int.Variables. All three lead effect Performance(productivity,cost-improvement). Then there is Willingness to commit and Satisfaction w/performance which both loop back to Moderators.
  5. Part of normal homeostatic limitations of reward, fail to return to a homeostatic state. The systems become dysregulated. Reward functioning decreases but the stress system is still activating.

5 True/False questions

  1. In the discussion of Drug Addiction describe "liking".Brain system is sensitized and mediates a subcomponent of reward termed "incentive salience" (WANTING) has been sensitized and has enhanced incentive value.There is an increase in "wnating" not "liking"

          

  2. For high EM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.This individual would not be motivated to exhibit compensatory BH.Their morals are internalized.

          

  3. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define Anti-reward system.Through repeated activation of reward system stress/emotion systems are strengthened adding negative affects to the once positive effects. Adds a little rain to the happy party.

          

  4. For high IM individuals, what is the critical discrepancy that gives rise to motivation (that is, what are the reference criterion and the input) and what compensatory BH would the individual perform.Critical discrepancy occurs when they feel that someone has seen passed their facade and they are "outed as prejudice". To compensate they would like make an obvious outward gesture to exhibit to others that "they aren't really prejudice" (lying of course). They feel threatened and respond with .....so called "proof".

          

  5. In Koobs hedonic homeostatic dysregulation theory, define neuroadaptations.Attempt to regulate over-activation of reward system.

          

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