5 Written Questions
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Counselor must develop beliefs, attitudes, skills on all levels.
- (Vontress & Jackson, 2004) too much emphasis on race; identity should be defined by client, not people; impose social activist agenda that may or may not have anything to do with MCCs; no rituals of mingling, but pre-rapport is good; competencies are outdated since they are very race based and US society has changed;
- Specific knowledge about own background and how it affects others; know about oppression, racism, stereotyping, discrimination affects them and others; understand white privilege (if white); knowledge about impact on others, style, etc.
- Sue et. others (1982) published first model of multicultural competencies based on counselor's 1. KNOWLEDGE, 2. ATTITUDE, BELIEFS, 3. SKILLS. Based on four north American minorities.
- MC is now vital component of every under- and graduate program and is affecting almost all other classes (Fier & Ramsey, 2005)
5 True/False Questions
MC now 4th Force → According to Worthington, Soth-McNett, Moreno, MC now positioned to assume core of counseling profession identity.
Matthew 28:16-20 → The Great Commission. Believers are challenged to develop a global perspective, not from a standpoint of occupation, oppression, or dominion, but one of serving and learning, and working.
Skills (Awareness) → Seek out educational, consultative, and training experiences; knowing one's limits and when to refer; engage combination of these.
Limitations of MCC Measures → Kia i Kitaoka (2005) criticized lack of construct validity, inconclusive definitions of culture on all of the 5 major tests that measure MCC. Suggests new meta-theory than the basis of Sue's original work.
Beliefs & Attitudes (Awareness) → From unaware to aware/sensitive to MC issues; aware of own cultural background; aware of limits of own MC competencies; comfortable with differences.