Became attorney general, wanted to refocus the attention of the FBI on organized crime and civil rights.
John F. Kennedy's strategy of "flexible response"
called for a variety of military options that could be matched to the scope and importance of a crisis.
The Alliance for Progress
was intended to improve the level of economic well being in Latin America.
attempted to install nuclear weapons in Cuba, President Kennedy ordered a naval quarantine of that island.
ordered hundreds of federal marshals and thousands of federal troops to force the racial integration of the University of Mississippi.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
accomplished the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, prohibited discrimination based on gender, banned sexual as well as racial discrimination, and banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public.
The skepticism about authority that emerged in the United States during the 1960s had deep historical roots.
President Johnson's legislative program after his election in 1964 included:
Medicare health insurance for the elderly, massive federal aid for education, and a voting-rights act to re-enfranchise black voters.
The 1968 Tet offensive resulted in a tactical defeat for:
the Viet Cong and a political defeat for the United States.
One reason for the decline of American workers' productivity during the 1970s was:
the general shift in the economy from manufacturing to services.
legacies of Richard Nixon's presidency
The Environmental Protection Agency, Supplemental Security Income for the blind, disabled, and indigent aged, the Endangered Species Act, and the Occupational Health and Safety Administration
caused by the actions of Richard Nixon's staff in the 1972 presidential campaign involved obstruction of justice, use of the Internal Revenue Service to harass political opponents, illegal use of the FBI and CIA, and burglarizing enemies' psychiatry offices.
cease-fire agreement in Vietnam in 1973
the United States was to withdraw all its troops from Vietnam.
The 1973 War Powers Act
required the president to report to Congress any commitment of American troops.
The most controversial action of Gerald Ford's presidency:
pardoning Nixon for any known or unknown crimes he had committed while serving as president.
Signed by Gerald Ford and leaders of thirty-four other nations:
The Helsinki accords, pledged signatories to guarantee certain basic human rights
The feminist movement
major social movement born in the 1960s that retained and gathered momentum in the 1970s and after
Camp David agreement between Israel and Egypt:
President Jimmy Carter's most spectacular foreign policy achievement
U.S. dependence on foreign oil
President Carter believed that the fundamental problem of the American economy in the late 1970s.
Boycotting the 1980 Olympic Games:
one measure taken by President Carter in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
richest and the poorest Americans
In the 1980s, for the first time in the twentieth century, income gaps widened between
Bush's management of a seriously slumping economy:
The primary issue that enabled Bill Clinton to defeat President Bush and Ross Perot in the 1992 election.
The razor-thin election of 2000 between George W. Bush and Al Gore:
resolved when the U.S. Supreme Court ended further vote recounts in Florida, giving Bush the electoral vote victory.
The group most profoundly affected by the great economic changes of the late twentieth century.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
Attempted to penalize employers for hiring illegal immigrants.