Geography: Chapter 9- Southeast Asia

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What sea or ocean flooded the land bridge from the Southeast Asian islands to mainland Asia?

South China Sea

The December 2004 tsunami originated off shore of what island?

Sumatra

Which of these is the best estimate of the death toll from the December 2004 tsunami?

230,000

Where are the Spratly Islands located?

between Vietnam and the Philippines in the South China Sea

An attempted Communist coup in 1965 against this country's leader, Sukarno, resulted in at least 500,000 people being killed in retaliation.

Indonesia

This country had a socialist form of government since a military coup in 1962.

Burma

Who withdrew from Indochina after a devastating loss to Ho Chi Minh's forces at Dien Bien Phu in 1954?

France

The United States left South Vietnam as the Vietcong approached Saigon in this year.

1973

What was the estimated refugee population leaving South Vietnam after unification with North Vietnam?

2 million

The Khmer Rouge is associated with communist revolutionaries in this country.

Cambodia

The brutal "death march" out of Phnom Penh in 1975-1976 that killed at least 2 million people was ordered by who?

Pol Pot

This country's government policy of Bumiputra explicitly discriminated against ethnic Chinese Populations.

Malaysia

This country was the first to be hit by the Asian Economic Crisis of 1997, when its currency, the baht, plummeted in value against the yen and dollar.

Thailand

Approximately what proportion of foreign tourists visiting Thailand each year are "sex tourists?"

1 in 10

What is the main illegal product being produced in Southeast Asia's "Golden Triangle?"

opium

This is the major religious separatist movement in the Philippines.

Muslims

The ____ is Southeast Asia's longest waterway.

Mekong River

The ____ is a sandstone upland region of poor soils that are suitable only for dryland corps and livestock.

Khorat Plateau in Thailand

Which volcano collapsed into the ocean during an eruption in 1883?

Krakatoa

___ is the most important energy resource produced for export in Southeast Asia.

Oil

In a tropical deciduous forest, the trees drop their leaves in response to:

a dry season

This is country made up of many island groups.

Indonesia/Philippines

Largest in population in Southeast Asia, it is also fourth larges in population in the world.

Indonesia

The French possessions during the late 19th and 20th centuries.

Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia

All of these countries either now have or once had Communist governments, except _______. (Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia)

Indonesia

All of these countries have territory on the island of Borneo EXCEPT: (Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia)

Singapore

This is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia

Laos

Which of the following was never a European colony: Thailand, Burma, Brunei, Singapore, Laos?

Thailand

Most of the people on Singapore are:

ethnic Chinese

In terms of average income, which of the following is different from the other three? (Singapore, Burma, Vietnam, Cambodia)

Singapore

The sultanate of Brunei has become rich through the export of:

Petroleum

This island was originally a Portuguese colony, but was added to Indonesia after independence in the 1970s.

Timor

The major river in Burma is the:

Irawaddy

The major river in Cambodia and southern Vietnam is the:

Mekong

The major river in Thailand is the:

Chao Phraya

Sawah is also known as:

wet rice

Burma, Malaysia, and Singapore were colonies of the:

British

Most of what today Indonesia was a colony of the:

Dutch

This country was first a colony of the Spanish, later a colony of the US.

Philippines

Which of the following plants are native to Southeast Asia: (coffee, oil palm, rubber, all, none)

None of these plants are native to Southeast Asia

Agricultural involution implies:

higher yields from less land

The Khmer empire flourished in what is now:

Cambodia

The reason for agricultural involution resulting from the Culture System is:

conversion of land from food crops to export crops

The Srivijaya state flourished on what is today:

Sumatra

As a group, when did the Southeast Asian colonies begin to receive independence?

after World War I

Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom are associated with which culture?

Khmer

Who was the first to notice a striking division between species either side of the deep ocean trench between the islands of Bali and Lombok?

Wallace

______ is the most important crop in Southeast Asia.

Rice

Southeast Asian economies that have experienced rapid growth and development since the 1980s have generally followed the model of what successful economy?

Japan

All of these have been termed "little tigers" except: (Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, None)

Burma

Which of the following crops was suited to the flooding that accompanied heavy monsoon rains? (taro, sago, sugar, pineapple, none)

None of the above

The _______ was centered on the city of Ayutthaya on the Chao Phraya River.

Thai Kingdom

Which colonial power sought to conquer the Philippines in order to spread Catholicism and gain a foothold for trade with Asia?

Spain

Which of these colonial powers in Southeast Asia organized their colonies into trading companies? (Dutch, Great Britain, Spain, all, none)

All of the above

The US controlled ____ after winning the Spanish American War in 1898.

the Philippines

Which Southeast Asian country was able to maintain its political independence throughout the colonial period?

Thailand

The "Culture System" was established on the island of ____ by the ___.

Java/Dutch

Vocab: Culture System

Dutch colonial policy form 1830 to 1870 that required farmers in Java to devote one-fifth of their land and their labor to production of an export crop.

Vocab: Asian Tigers

Newly industrialized territories that have experienced rapid economic growth and become semiperipheral within the world-systems

What was the purpose of the "Culture System"?

increase agricultural production

Burma was granted independence from ____.

Great Britain

The Khmer Rouge was a Communist movement in ____.

Cambodia

Import substitution industrialization is designed ___.

to develop capability in manufacturing rather than rely on imported goods

The International Monetary Fund agreed to help Southeast Asian economies if they ____.

removed tariffs already in place

Which of the following countries has seen fertility and population growths remaining high due partly to the influence of the Catholic Church? (Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, all)

Philippines

One of the main reasons for Singapore independence from the Malay Federation was the desire of many ___.

none of the above

Which of the following cities is an example of over-urbanization? (Bangkok, Manila, Djakarta, all, none)

all of the above

Mahayana Buddhism is common in ___.

Vietnam

____ is defined as leaders diverting national resources for their personal gain.

Kleptocracy

East Timbor is mostly ____.

Christian

In 2000, ___ was granted status as a newly independent country under initial UN administration.

East Timor

____ are a Burmese rebel group that are heavily involved in the opium trade.

The Shan

This is the larges Muslim country in the world.

Indonesia

This country is mostly Buddhists.

Thailand

This country is mostly Christian.

Philippines

One of the goals of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations was ____.

to reduce the political inference of both US and Soviet Union

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