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Review for Chapter 15

Zygote

the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo

Embryo

the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month

Fetus

The developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.

preterm

born before 37 weeks

post term

Labor after 42 weeks gestation

fertility

the property of producing abundantly and sustaining growth

conception

the act of becoming pregnant

low birth weight

Less than 5.5 lbs

critical period

an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development

preeclampsia

abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria

pica

an abnormal craving or appetite for nonfood substances, such as dirt, paint, or clay that lasts for at least 1 month

gestational diabetes

a form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during some pregnancies

gestational hypertension

High blood pressure that develops after the 20th week of pregnancy, in women with previously normal blood pressures, and resolves spontaneously in the postpartum period

list lifestyle habits that should be avoided during pregnancy.

undercooked or contaminated seafood, caffeine, low-fat dairy products

list normal body responses to pregnancy.

Aversiory, nausea, morning sickness, constipation, hemorrhoids, food cravings

what are acceptable exercise activities for pregnant women? what should they avoid?

workout in a place where there is AC.
Avoiding this can prevent from miscarriage.

placenta

A special tissue used to pass food and oxygen from the mother to the baby it's carrying.

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