FINALLLLL APUSH

1447 terms by qpham11 

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Francis Drake

knighted sea pirate for England

Virginia Co. of London

joint stock company that received a letter from James I to settle in New World

John Smith

"He who shall not work, shall not eat" rule

starving winter

1609-1610 desperate times of no food

Powhatan Confederacy

chief Powhatan's tribes in the James River area

Powhatan

chief who allied with the Jamestown settlers at first

Lord de la Warr

declared war against Indians in Jamestown

1st Anglo Powhatan War

war declared by Lord de la Warr against Indians

John Rolfe

his marriage to Pocahontas sealed the peace of the 1st Anglo-Powhatan war

2nd Anglo Powhatan War

English defeated Indians and drove them out of Jamestown entirely

John Rolfe

"Father of Tobacco" industry in VA

House of Burgesses

London Company told settlers to summon this assembly

House of Burgesses

1st parliament in America

James I

hated tobacco & House of Burgesses; made VA royal colony under his control

tobacco

poor man's crop

sugar cane

rich man's crop

Maryland

founded by Lord Baltimore for Catholics

Toleration Act

created in Maryland to protect Catholics; granted Christian toleration

Barbados slave code

denied rights to slaves & gave masters control over them

Rice

main crop of the Carolinas

Carolinas

named after Charles II; prospered from sugar islands of West Indies

North Carolina

created from angry Virginians who resisted authority & weren't religious

Georgia

last of the 13 colonies; acted as buffer between Carolinas and Spaniards

John Wesley

founder of Methodist Church (Georgia)

Rhode Island

"sewer where Lord's debris collected & rotted"

Roger WIlliams

founded Rhode Island after being exiled; built 1st Baptist Church which granted religious freedom to all

Quakers

Roger Williams sheltered the _____ but disagreed with them

Calvinism

"predestination" (good works couldn't save), God was all-knowing, humans were weak & wicked

Puritans

believed in visible saints that could be admitted to church

Separatists

extreme puritans who broke away from Church of England

James I

king who banned all Separatists

1620

year Separatists arrived in Plymouth Rock aboard the Mayflower

Miles Standish

fighter and negotiator aboard the Mayflower

Mayflower Compact

agreement to form govt. ; 1st attempt at govt. in America

William Bradford

pilgrim leader & governor

Massachusetts Bay Co.

non-separatist Puritans who wanted to separate from England's impurities not church

John Winthrop

Massachusetts Bay Co. governor

freemen

males who belonged to Puritan & could vote to become governor; only like Puritans

John Cotton

very religious Puritan who escaped England Church

Anne Hutchinson

declared heretic because she didn't believe in laws (antinomianism=against laws)

Roger Williams

extreme Separatist who wanted to break off from church of England

Connecticut

founded by Reverend Thomas Hooker who led the Puritans to Hartford & drafted the Fundamental Orders

New Haven

crown granted this settlement a charter

New Hampshire

_____ was taken by greedy Massachusetts Bay; king took it back and made it a royal colony

Wampanoag

Indians who befriended the English

Squanto

leanred English from his captors & helped the English

Massasoit

chief who signed treaty with the Plymouth Pilgrims & helped celebrate 1st thanksgiving

Pequot War

war that started when the English set fire to the Indian villages

Metacom (King Philip's War)

son of Massasoit who assaulted English villages as revenge for the Pequot War but was beheaded

King Philip's War

last threat from Indians to English

New England Confederation

created to fight off Indians, French, & Dutch

Connecticut

the king granted ____ a charter as a slap to the face for Massachusetts

English Navigation Laws

Resented laws which meant to bring colonies and the motherland closer together by restricting trade with outside influences

Sir Edmond Andros

corrupt leader who was hated because of his ties to the Church of England

Glorious Revolution

people of England dethroned Catholic King James II & replaced him with William & Mary

Glorious Revolution

news of this caused the collapse of the Dominion of New England; encouraged challenge to Royal Authority; Navigation Laws weakened "SPARK"

Netherland

commercial & naval power in 17th century & won independence from Catholic Spain; as a "thanks" they waged wars against the English

Dutch East India Co.

Netherland's Co. that showed their leading colonial power in East Indies

New Netherland

aka New York; not religiously tolerant

Henry Hudson

founded the Hudson River in New Amsterdam/New York

Gustavus Adolphus

king who had favored Protestantism & led the Swedes into colonizing America -> angry Dutch dispatched small army

Peter Stuyvesant

"Father Wooden Leg" who fought the Swedes but surrendered to the English

Quakers

used to be called Religious Society of Friends; opposed Church of England, had simple meetinghouses, NO OATHS, refused military service

William Penn

famous Quaker who wanted to establish asylum for quakers in America

William Penn

granted land in return for debt owed by king; died of sorrow

Pennsylvania

attracted people with advertisement & liberal land policy

Pennsylvania

colony that was extremely nice to Indians & against black slavery

blue laws

laws in Pennsylvania that prohibited cards, dice, games, etc.

New Jersey

created when 2 nobles received land from Duke of York

Middle Colonies

NJ, NY, PA, & DE

Chesapeake

MD, VA, MA (short life spans, diseases, tabacco)

headright system

The Virginia Company's system in which settlers and the family members who came with them each received 50 acres of land

Nathaniel Bacon

led revolt of rebels forced into bad land; resented gov.'s friendliness towards Indians

Bacon's Rebellion

murdered indians, chased Berkeley (gov.) from Jamestown, torch to capital "SPARK" for landless servants & slaves

Middle Passage

transatlantic sea voyage that carried slaves

African slaves

brought to America culture, speech, religion, folkways, & labor

gullah

black language

ringshout

contribution was jazz

small farmers

largest social group in the South that owned little land & few slaves

landless whites

social class made up of servants

waterways

main source of transportation for the south

roads

wretched & led to family burial plots for the south

New England

healthy, clean water, long life span, lots of pregnant women, very religious

Harvard

created in New England & showed that they were more educated and advanced

half way covenant

established in response to the decline in Puritans; offered non-Puritans membership

Salem, Massachusetts

place where girls accused old women of being witches

German

these immigrants went to PA & didn't like the English crown

Scots

these immigrants hated the English crown because they restricted wool & went to PA

jeremiad

new type of sermon for the Puritans

William & Mary

Chesapeake college that was established way after Harvard

Paxton Boys

revolt on Quaker's kindness to Indians in PA

Colonial

in this society, you were free to climb the social ladder, merchants paid for military supplies, wide gap between rich & poor, and king sent prisoners to America

clergy physicians

in colonial society, the ___ had little influence, the _____ were poorly trained

smallpox

most common disease in colonial america for which they used toads as a remedy

lawyers

were disliked but later proved useful

Patrick Henry

____ and James Otis were well known lawyers

agriculture

the #1 industry in America

tobacco

the #1 crop in VA & MD

bread

#1 product in Middle Colonies

fishing

#2 industry

lumber

#1 manufacturing

Molasses Act

since English rarely wanted American products, the Americans traded elsewhere; this angered Parliament so they passed the ____ _____ which meant no trade with French

smuggling

the Molasses Act caused the colonies to turn to ____

taverns

aka rest stops where an exchange of gossip, politics, & ideas would eventually lead to a REVOLT!

Samuel Adams

revolutionary leader who hung out at the taverns

Anglican

religion of the Church of England & controlled by the royal crown; less strict in America

Congregational

Puritan denomination; let to revolutionism

bishops

since _____ were ordained in England, many were angry that England denied them -> REVOLUTION

Jacob Arminius

during time of the Great Awakening, he believed individual free will determined fate (big leap away from Calvinism)

Great Awakening

time from 1730's-1740's where emotional antics were used

Johnathon Edwards

who started the Great Awakening?

George Whitefield

great public speaker that converted many with his new style of preaching

old lights

skeptical to theatrical preaching of the men during the Great Awakening

Cambridge

what was the center of England's Puritanism learning

art

was not looked up on in America

Charles Wilson Peale

known for protraits of George washington

Benjamin West

_____ & John Copley were painters

Philis Wheatley

slave girl brough to Boston at age 8 & became a poet

Poor Richard's Almanack

was written by Ben Franklin & helped shaped American character

library

Ben Franklin established first _____ in America

newspapers

what help spread grievances & opposition of British control

John Peter Zenger

Journalist who questioned the policies of the governor of New York in the 1700's. He was jailed; he sued, and this court case was the basis for our freedom of speech and press. He was found not guilty.

Upper House

legislative body appointed by crown/proprietor & chosen by voters

lower house

legislative body elected by the people

Lord Cornbury

cousin of Queen Anne & worst governor of NY & NJ

salary

because of the bad gov. Lord Cornbury, people began to withhold the gov,'s _____

revolution

eventually, democracy (freedom of speech, press, etc.) let to _________

plays

were looked down upon by Quakers & Puritans

Louis XIV

which king started France exploration overseas?

Samuel de Champlain

"Father of New France" who joined the Huron Indians against the Iroquois; created 1st settlement in Quebec

beaver

#1 valuable resource in Canada

coureurs de bois

"runners of the woods" ; trouble-making fur trappers who were drunk & gave funny names to lands

Indians

were against the French for their excessive beaver killing, drunkeness, diseases, etc

Jesuits

played vital roles as explorers/geographers in Canada while trying to convert Indians

Antoine Cadillac

discovered Detroit "cityof straits"

Robert de la Salle

named Louisiana after Louis XIV

Nova Scotia

King William's & Queen Anne's war were between the Americans & the coureurs de bois; Americans received ______

Captain Jenkins

his ear got cut by the Spanish which led to war between the English & Spanish

King George's War

aka war of austrian succession where Americans got Louisbourg

treaty of 1748

this treaty gave Louisbourg back to French

Ohio Valley

was wanted by Americans & French

French

violated claims of English Colonists (incl. George Washington) but they still set up forts in the River

Pittsburgh

Fort Duquesne was where Monongahela & Allegneny Rivers meet to form the Ohio River in ______

Fort Necessity

the French defeated Washington here

7 years war

aka french & indian war

William Pitt

Britain statesman who declared "America was conquered in Germany" because France were weak in this war

Frederick the Great

(German) replied France, Austria, Russia

Albany, NY

British Govt. summoned congress here to keep Indians loyal to British

join or die

slogan of Ben Franklin's snake