Final Exam

Created by jlanes2011 

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esophagus

the muscular tube between the pharynx and the stomach

stomach

a muscular pouch located in the abdomen, the chemical digestion of proteins begins

cardiac sphincter

located at the base of the esophagus and functions to prevent food materials from entering the esophagus from the stomach

pyloric sphincter

the sphincter muscle of the pylorus that separates the stomach from the duodenum

small intestine

The section of the intestine that is between the stomach and large intestine; site of most absorption of nutrients

colon

primarily involved in water absorption and feces formation; the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum

rectum

the terminal portion of the large intestine where the feces are stored until they are eliminated

anus

A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which waste material is eliminated from the body

heart

multi-chambered, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body

spleen

Organ near the stomach that produces, stores, and eliminates blood cells

renal artery

Carries blood from aorta to kidney

renal vein

blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart

kidney

organ responsible for cleansing and purifying the blood

ovary

one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones

oviduct

a tube connecting the ovaries and the uterus

teste

Located on outside of male body which produces sperm and testosterone.

seminal cord

Tube between teste and penis that transports sperm

dorsal cord

(Spinal Cord) - protective bony covering of nervous system

sympathetic chain of ganglia

Parallel to dorsal cord - nerves that innervate muscles for movement

brain

that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers, in the skull

ciliary muscle

the tissue and muscle that surrounds the lens of the eye.

choroid

vascular layer beneath the sclera that provides nourishment to outer portion of the retina

scerla

tough, fibrous, white outer coat extending from the cornea to the optic nerve

fovea

the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster

optic disk

the point where the optic nerve enters the retina

vitreous chamber

Behind the lens, filled with vitreous humor, gelatinous.

posterior chamber

Space between iris and lens which is filled with aqueous humor

anterior chamber

humor-filled space between the cornea and iris

pancreas

gland that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum, where it mixes with bile to digest food

gall bladder

stores bile produced by the liver until it is needed in the duodenum

liver

Large organ just above the stomach that produces bile

bile duct

Moves bile from the gall bladder to the stomach

aorta

The largest artery in the body; it conducts freshly oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues.

vena cava

either of two large veins that return oxygen-depleted blood to the right atrium of the heart

atria

the two upper chambers of the heart- the receiving areas that pool incoming blood.

ventricle

lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart

pulmonary artery

one of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood from the heart to the lungs

pulmonary vein

any of four veins that carry arterial blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart

trachea

membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi

lungs

two spungy organs in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage; responsible for respiration

diaphragm

Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing

larynx

voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords; at top of trachea

pharynx

throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx

bladder

elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body

ureter

either of a pair of thick-walled tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

urethra

duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct

scrotum

the external pouch(sac of skin) that contains the testicles,just under the penis. regulates temp

penis

the organ through which both semen and urine leave the male body, lower body

thyroid gland

produces hormones that regulate metabolism, body heat, and bone growth

thymus

a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity

vagina

in the human female reproductive system, a canal that leads from the uterus to the outside of the body

ciliary muscle

the tissue and muscle that surrounds the lens of the eye., smooth muscle portion of the ciliary body, which contracts to assist in near-vision capability

retina

the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin the processing of visual information

lens

transparent structure behind the pupil that bends and focuses light rays on the retina

iris

a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening

cornea

transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; protective layer

pupil

the adjustable opening in the center of the eye through which light enters

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