Giant Panda - 1. family 2. New fossil evidence suggests 3. What special hand structure? 4. Diet 5. Genetic code sequencing - what did it show about diet? 6. Do not have normal carnivore gene for x receptors, meaning 7. Panda cubs at birth
1. Ursidae 2. Pgymy like panda suggest Panda lineage has remained unchanged for millions of years 3. Pseudothumb - radial sesamoid bone that is an extension of its wrist 4. 99% bamboo 5. Bamboo eating not encoded by genome so it must be the microorganisms that digest it 6. Umami - can't taste meat 7. Helpless
Lyrebird - 1. herbivorous? 2. Ability to x. 3. x and x both share traits with Lyre bird, which led to believe that they were closely related, now recent genetic elements have suggested that lyrebirds are distinct. 4. superb lyrebird has what advantages over Albert's lyrebird. 5.. lyrebird gets its name how? 6. Male/female care for young
1. Carnivorous 2. Reproduce both mechanical and human sounds 3. Bowerbird, mockingbird 4. Larger range, more common, bigger 5. From it's ornate feathers used in courtship resembling a lyre. 6. Males have nothing to do with young.
Tree Kangaroos - 1. found where 2. reproductive pattern 3. x has the longest gestation period of any marsupial at 44 days 4. Adaptations for life in canopy 5. Convergent evolution? Similar species? 6.
1. New guinea, Australia 2. Marsupial - where embryo never implants in the uterus, and mother gives birth after a very short gestation 3. Matschie's tree kangaroo 4. Long heavy tail, reduction in hind limb size, long claws, high dexterity in front limbs, sustaining large falls without injury 5. With monkeys - long tail, forelimbs
Raptors - 1. eat at what time 2. Consists of bird from two orders, which ones? 3. Special sensory adaptation? 4. Boreal owl has 5. Owls feathers allow them to. 6. adaptations to kill
1. Nocturnal,diurnal birds of prey 2. Falconiformes, Strigiform -owls 3. Increased density of cone cells in retina, 2-3x better vision than humans. Raptors can see into UV spectrum, localize trails of bodily fluid left by prey. Owls are more specialized increased binocular vision, increased depth perception and distinct. Owls have most sensitive hearing system of all birds 4. Boreal Owl has aymmetrical ear canals- allows it to localize sound in 3d. 5. Allows them to hunt silently in night 6. Beaks, sharped and hooked for tearing meat. High lift wings to soar high and search for prey. Falcons have high speed wings. Powerful talons. Owls have feathers on feet, osprey has papillae to hold onto slippery fish. Skeleton is much sturdier, wmassive leg and wing bones. Hauling heavier prey.
Kakapo (green parrot in forest that humps) - 1. Only member of genus x 2. World's only nocturnal x 3. World's only x parrot, longest and heaviest parrot 4. life expectancy 5. Thrives in new zealand why? 6. population today? 7. color 8. in response to danger, 9. Style of breeding? * , coincides with what? 10.
1. Strigops 2. Nocturnal 3. Flightless 4. 60-100 years 5. No predators 6. 123 individuals 7. green to blend in 8. outdated defense mechanism, it just stands still 9. LEK style, males have booming calls, no paternal obligation 10.
Parental care in Caecilians - 1. oviparous? viviparous 2. cool mechanism
1. Both 2. Mothers secrete large amounts of fat into their skin tissue, the young have fetal teeth which they use to tear away chunks of the mother's skin. This results in a rapid growth rate for the young and substantial loss in body mass for mom.
Australian Platypus - 1. Native to 2. Part of x, mammals that lay eggs. 3. Platypus and x make up Monotremes 4. Egg laying, venomous, duck billed, beaver tailed, otter footed, venemous mammal. 5. Females or males have spurs with venom on hind foot? 6. Only mammals to have sense of x 7. detecting prey 8. food consumption 9. Things that threaten platypus - 10. Polygynous mating system 11. venom is produced in the x glands 12. main substance in their venom
1. Eastern australia and tasmania 2. Monotremes 3. echidna 4. 5. males 6. electroreception 7. use electroreception to create a map of where prey is 8. must consume 1/4 of body weight each day 9. Fungus, Mucor amphibiorum - mucormycosis - gives skin lesions/body temp regulation thrown off 10. 11. crural 12. Heptapeptide 1
Komodo dragon - 1. can smell carrion how far away? 2. mobility 3. teeth 4. live where 5. Can eat prey that weighs x.. 6. Care for young 7. Saliva and it's impact for humans
1. 6 miles 2. very mobile on land and water 3. renewable teeth 4. Live on Philippian islands in Indonesia 5. Eat prey 80% of their own body mass 6. female is primary care giver - Hatching young in captivity is difficult 7. Saliva has crazy bacteria that will kill, humans are trying to put komodo bacteria resistance genes into themselves. Know that Komodos use crazy cocktail of bacteria to poison their prey so if bite doesn't kill, bacteria will
Digestive system of Ruminants - 1. consume foods high in 2. 4 chambers and what they do 3. allows ruminants to take advantage of x 4. disadvantages of ruminant system
1. cellulose, they have symbiotic relationship with microbes 2. Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum 3. Rumen collects and mixes foodstuffs and microbes carry out fermentation - reticulum forms the foodstuff into pellets for cud - food progresses to omasum where water and electrolytes are absorbed, much drier food proceeds to abomasum - equivalent to mammalian stomach. True stomach. 3. allows ruminants to take advantage of inhospitable environments 4. microbe death, bloat
4 chambers of ruminants - which is true stomach?
1. Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum - abomasum is true stomach with enzymes and breakdown of food.