jewish leader who led the people home
prophet who encouraged the people in rebuilding the temple
scribe-lawyer who helped lead a renewal of the people in judah through the preaching of the scriptures in the 460s
last main prophetic voice of the OT -- ca. 430s BC
initial leader of the hasidim ("pious ones") who became freedom fighters against antiochus IV
son of mattathias who became great genearl and received nickname of maccabee b/c he became the "hammer" of the seleucids
another son of mattathias who became a great political organizer and helped bring order to jerusalem after initial harmonean victories
son of simon hasmon who helped win final victories against the seleucids, even to the point of bringing hasmonean rule to all of palestine
persian king who let the judah-ites go home from babylon
great conqueror of persians -- brought vision of "hellenism"
governor of egypt for alexander the great who started a dynastic rule out of egypt after alexander's death (ptolomies held palestine from late 300s BC to ca. 200 BC)
seleucid leader who desecrated the jerusalem temple in 168 BC through sacrificing a pig there
roman general who won palestine for rome
roman leader who appointed herod the great "king of the jews"
herod the great
the "herod" at the time of jesus' birth -- idumean by background -- first of the "herod" family who served as client kings for rome
emperor at the time of jesus' birth
emperor at the time of jesus' ministry
emperor at the time of martyrdom of peter and paul
general (and later emperor) who destroys the 2nd temple in 70 AD
emperor whose empire wide persecution probably serves as a backdrop
bishop of hierapolis in 2nd c. AD who said that mark wrote his gospel based on peter's preaching
greek history writer who helped set the history style in the greco-roman world
great 1st century jewish historian who wrote in the classic greco-roman style
gentile patron of luke
member of the "herod" family ruling at time of jesus' public ministry
high priest at time of jesus' public ministry
bishop of lyons in 2nd c. AD who tells us about apostle john's ministry in asia minor
leader of the 12
first christian martyr
brother of apostle john -- 1st apostle to die for the faith -- put to death under herod agrippa I
first "public" gentile convert to christian faith
cousin of mark -- co-worker with paul on paul's first missionary journey
1/2 brother of jesus -- leader of the jerusalem church at time of the jerusalem council
companion of paul's to the very end -- meet him in colossians AND see he is with paul at the end of paul's life in II timothy
young protege of paul -- like mark is peter's young protege
defense -- apologetics -- in acts outline the possibility was given (we don't know if this is the case) that a purpose of acts might have been as a "defense brief" -- an apology -- for paul in his trial before caesar
"sent one" -- used 2 ways in NT (for those A apostles who were part of the foundation of the church -- eph 2... for a apostles who served as missionaries)
love in an "unconditional" way -- love to the undeserved
"gospel" -- good news; our word gospel comes from old english "go'd spel" = a good message
proclamation -- our 4 gospels are the kerygma in written form
witness (Acts 1)
"seed of the woman"
"through you [abraham] all the nations on earth will be blessed"
"another prophet like unto [moses]"
II samuel 7
"a son of david on the throne of God forever"
"a voice calling in the wilderness" (J the B)
"the suffering servant"
"one like a son of man"
"God says 'i will pour out my spirit' in the last days..."
(used at jerusalem council to show full inclusion of the gentiles w/o them having to become jewish)
malachi 3, 4
(a "forerunner" will come in the spirit and power of "elijah" -- j the b)
party of the temple; status quo
party of the synagogue; oral law
military-oriented party; concerned with the land
party of separatists