World History 2

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Gertrud stein

The term "lost generation" was coined by

Oswald Spengler

The writer whose Decline of the West proposed that European society had entered the final stage of its existence was

Niokolai Berdiav

Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?

John Maynard Keyes

who discussed the end of laissez-faire capitalism.

Einstein's theory of general relativity

The notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in

heisenberg

The uncertainty principle is associated with

In a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that

In a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that

Paul Gaughin

The painter who was influenced by the "primitive" art of Tahiti was

Edgar Degas

The deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced

Walter Gropius and Chinese painting

which of the following is not an accurate match between artist and artistic influence?

generally accepted standards that distinguished between "good" and "bad" art disappeared.

One of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that

overproduction and falling prices.

A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by

he U.S. stock market crashed.

On Black Thursday, 24 October 1929,

44 percent

At the lowest point of the Great Depression, what percentage U.S. banks were out of business?

practiced economic nationalism

During the Great Depression, most nations

tighten money supply

Which of the following was not one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal

Mussolini

The term fascism was first used by

Adolf Hitler

The leader of the fascist movement in Germany was

Depraved german jews of their citizenship

The 1935, Nuremberg Laws

to pressure them to emigrate.

The official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was

attacked the liberal Christian theology that had embraced the idea of progress.

n Karl Barth's Epistle to the Romans, he

Erich Maria Remarque.

The author of All Quiet on the Western Front was

niokolai berdiaev

Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?

was roundly attacked

In the years after World War I, the idea of progress

heisenberg

The uncertainty principle is associated with

they called into question the established notions of truth.

Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because

Sigmund Freud

The father of psychoanalysis was

arcitecture

The term Bauhaus is associated with

overproduction and falling prices

A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by

at its lowest level in four hundred years.

By 1929, the price of a bushel of wheat was

practiced economic nationalism

During the Great Depression, most nations

urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs

In response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes

leninists and stalinists

The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between

war communism

was an unplanned course of nationalization.

implemented free market reforms

Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921

stalin

This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations.

first five year plan

was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one.

both China and India

In the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of

the indian national congress

The most influential organization dedicated to the end of British rule in India was

satyagraha

Gandhi's philosophy of passive resistance

heavy industrialization

Which of the following was not one of the foundations of Gandhi's philosophy?

the india act of 1937

gave the institutions of a self-governing state to India, although the British government still exercised overall control.

pakistan

Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

an Indian nationalist that garnered great support for the Indian independence movement.

the may fourth movement

galvanized the Chinese against foreign interference.

mao zedong

The former teacher and librarian that became the leader of the Chinese communist movement was

Sun Yatsen's plan for China included all of the following except

the establishment of a communist, totalitarian government.

economic hardship caused by the Great Depression.

The nationalist government of China was challenged by all of the following except

the long march

greatly strengthened Mao Zedong's leadership position.

maoism

a political ideology that held that peasants were the foundation for a successful communist revolution.

the mukden incident

provided Japan with the excuse to send troops into Manchuria.

Manchukuo

Japanese puppet state in the former Manchuria.

they were bound by colonial ties of european powers

Africans were participants in World War I because

both compel colonial subjects to pay for the institutions that held Africa in subjugation and to develop export-oriented economies characterized by trading of raw materials and cash crops for European manufactured goods.

The two economic goals pursued by European colonial powers in Africa following World War I were

Pan africanism

the idea that the unification of all people of African descent around the globe into one African state

dollar diplomacy and good neigbor policy

Which of the following are U.S. policies towards Latin America

Lazaro Cardenas

This Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs.

both china and india

n the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of

Muslims perceived that they were economically controlled by the Hindu majority of India.

The Great Depression aggravated the tense situation between Muslims and Hindus in India in part because

Ban Gangadhar Tilak

an Indian nationalist that garnered great support for the Indian independence movement.

mao zedong

The former teacher and librarian that became the leader of the Chinese communist movement was

the establishment of a communist, totalitarian government

Sun Yatsen's plan for China included all of the following except

jiang jieshi

Mao Zedong's main rival after 1925 was

turn toward a militaristic government whose goal was the domination of east Asia.

the great depression led japan to

the mukden incident

provided Japan with the excuse to send troops into Manchuria.

manchuko

Japanese puppet state in the former Manchuria.

Marcus garvey

One of the greatest proponents of Pan-Africanism was

José Carlos Mariátegui

both established the Socialist Party of Peru and was particularly concerned with the plight of the poor and Latin American Indians.

both Dollar Diplomacy and Good Neighbor Policy

Which of the following are U.S. policies towards Latin America?

Lázaro Cárdenas

This Mexican president nationalized his country's oil industry, thus posing a challenge to the United States policy of non-intervention in Latin American affairs.

both india and china

In the decades following World War I, nationalism was most powerful in Asia in the regions of

the indian national congress

The most influential organization dedicated to the end of British rule in India was

Jiang Jieshi

Mao Zedong's main rival after 1925 was

The Great Depression led Japan to

turn toward a militaristic government whose goal was the domination of east Asia.

The Warsaw Treaty Organization

was formed in response to NATO.

Kim Il Sung.

The president of North Korea was

an encouragement of the globalization of the U.S. policy of containment.

The Korean War resulted in

all of the choices are correct.

The Bay of Pigs invasion

Cuban Missile Crisis

This Cold War event was the closest that the Soviet Union and the United States came to war with one another.

how unhappy many American women were.

Betty Friedan, in her book The Feminine Mystique, wrote about

Brown vs the board of education

In 1954, segregation in U.S. schools was declared illegal in

carried out a foreign policy independent of the Soviet Union and United States.

The French president Charles de Gaulle

Nikita Khrushchev.

n active policy of de-Stalinization was begun in 1956 by

Imre Nagy

announced Hungary's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact in 1956

was a totalitarian, communist nation under the leadership of Mao Zedong.

Upon it creation in 1949, the People's Republic of China

revisionists

by the mid-1960s, the Chinese were accusing the Soviets of being

a reduction in hostility between nations.

The policy of détente means

Afghanistan.

The Soviet Union discovered its "Vietnam" in

the Taliban.

The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by

The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.

Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?

Czechoslovakia.

The "velvet revolution" brought change to

the brutal Romanian dictator who was overthrown and killed in 1989.

Nicolae Ceauşescu was

uskorenie.

Mikhail Gorbachev tried to implement a policy of "acceleration," or

Boris Yeltsin.

At the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the largest of the republics, the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, was headed by

was formed out of the Soviet zone of occupation.

the German Democratic Republic

U.S. president Dwight Eisenhower

was a believer in the domino theory.

W. E. B. DuBois.

The black nationalist who believed that U.S. blacks should seek repatriation in Africa was

inspired Czechoslovakia to switch to communism.

Alexander Dubcek's Prague Spring

The Brezhnev Doctrine

reserved the right of the Soviet Union to invade any socialist country that was deemed to be threatened by forces hostile to socialism.

détente

a reduction in hostility between nations.

the Soviet Union and the United States.

The Strategic Arms Limitations Talks were signed in 1972 between

The term Vietnamization

was supposed to mean turning the Vietnam War over to the South Vietnamese.

The Paris Peace Accords of 1973

brought an end to the Nigerian civil war.

the taliban

The government of Muhammad Najibullah, who had been put in place in Afghanistan back in 1986, was finally overthrown in 1996 by

The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.

Which of the following statements reflects the relationship between the Soviet Union and eastern Europe at the end of World War II?

Erich Honecker.

The Soviet Union had a very good reputation because of its role in defeating the Nazis.

Mikhail Gorbachev

never intended to abolish the existing Soviet political and economic system.

decentralizing the economy.

Mikhail Gorbachev's policy of perestroika referred to

Boris Yeltsin and some loyal Red Army units.

Mikhail Gorbachev was rescued from an unsuccessful coup by

Boris Yeltsin

Who finally dismantled the Soviet Communist party and pushed the country toward free market reforms?

a Hindu extremist.

On 30 January 1948, Mohandas Gandhi was assassinated by

was dangerous because it emphasized religious over national identity.

Both Mohandas Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru felt that communalism

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Who said, "The only solution to India's problems is Pakistan"?

Hindus and Muslims

In 1946, six thousand people died in the Great Calcutta Killing in a confrontation between

Jawaharlal Nehru.

Gamal Abdel Nasser's internationalist position was most similar to that of

the United States condemned the attack and forced them to withdraw.

The English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 because

"The year of Africa" refers to

the winning of independence in 1960 of thirteen former European African colonies.

Bernard Dadié

the African poet who wrote "Dry Your Tears, Africa!"

Kwame Nkrumah.

9.
The leader of the first sub-Saharan African nation to gain independence, and the most important nationalist leader in Africa, was

kenya

Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in

Indira Gandhi.

he Indian leader who attempted to control the massive population growth in India by ordering involuntary sterilization was

Anwar Sadat.

The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

The U.S.-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by

mexico

What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?

was ruled by military dictators who caused the "disappearance" of thousands

Argentina, in the late 1970s and early 1980s,

cuba

The U.S.-backed Somoza family ruled what country for more than forty years?

nelson mandela

The leader of the African National Congress was

sharpeville

In 1960, sixty-nine blacks were slaughtered in South Africa in the __________ massacre.

zaire

Mobutu Sese Seko was the dictatorial leader of

the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

Mobutu Sese Seko's coup, in which he killed Zaire's first prime minister, was supported by

pakistan

Muhammad Ali Jinnah called for the creation of

the province of Kashmir.

War broke out between India and Pakistan in 1947 over

ended world war 2

The Bandung Conference

ho chi mihn

The leader of North Vietnam was

the first president of South Vietnam.

Ngo Dinh Diem was

lyndon johnson

n 1965, which U.S. president ordered a bombing campaign against North Vietnam and sent American ground troops to bolster the South Vietnam army?

left Gamal Abdel Nasser as the leading figure in the Arab world

The Suez Canal crisis of 1956

the United States condemned the attack and forced them to withdraw.

The English and French were forced to withdraw from controlling the Suez Canal during the crisis in 1956 becaus

france

After a long and bloody conflict, the Algerians gained their independence in 1962 from

urged the use of violence against colonial oppressors

In The Wretched of the Earth, Frantz Fanon

British.

The Mau Mau uprising was an attempt to free Kenya from control by the

zimbabwe

Jomo Kenyatta was a nationalist leader in

Mao Zedong.

The disastrous Great Leap Forward was backed by

Deng Xiaoping

brought free market reforms to China.

Anwar Sadat

The Egyptian leader who both masterminded the surprise Yom Kippur attack on Israel and facilitated the peace process with the Israelis was

islamism

The desire for the reassertion of Islamic values in Muslim politics was at the heart of

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

The U.S.-backed government of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi in Iran was overthrown in 1979 by

iraq

From 1980 through 1988, Iran was involved in a bloody war with

mexico

What country has the Institutional Revolutionary Party ruled for much of the twentieth century?

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