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After the armistice was signed in November 1918, which ended the fighting in World War I, the Wilson administration

dismantled the wartime agencies as quickly as possible.

known as the<br>
multiple_choice_question 8203434
President Wilson's postwar plan for European recovery and cooperation was known as the<br>
President Wilson's postwar plan for European recovery and cooperation was known as the

Fourteen Points.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes racial relations in the aftermath of World War I?

Northern black Americans faced outbreaks of racial violence in more than twenty-five cities.

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the effects of World War I on African Americans?

The more than 400,000 African Americans who moved to the North during the war began a migration that continued for decades.

The federal government gave American soldiers all of the following except

a censorship-free mail service.

In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court upheld wartime limits on freedom of speech

that constituted a "clear and present danger" to the country's safety.

The Zimmermann telegram of early 1917 was

an intercepted message from the German government to the Mexican government, inviting the latter to join Germany in war against the United States with the promise of regaining Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.

During World War I, the National War Labor Board

established an eight-hour workday with time and a half pay for overtime work.

In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court upheld wartime limits on freedom of speech

that constituted a "clear and present danger" to the country's safety.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes American casualties in World War I?

About 53,000 military personnel were killed in action, and another 63,000 died of other causes (especially influenza)--a number far lower than the number of European losses.

Besides the League of Nations, which of the following was a goal that Woodrow Wilson actually achieved during his negotiations of the post-World War I peace settlement?

Self-determination for the newly independent nations

In its major initial contribution to the war effort in World War I, the United States

secured the safety of the seas for Allied shipping and U.S. troop transport.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes racial relations in the aftermath of World War I?

Northern black Americans faced outbreaks of racial violence in more than twenty-five cities.

During World War I, the National War Labor Board

established an eight-hour workday with time and a half pay for overtime work.

Woodrow Wilson wished to keep the United States neutral at the outbreak of World War I primarily because he

wanted to arbitrate among the combatants and to influence the settlement of the war.

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the effects of World War I on African Americans?

The more than 400,000 African Americans who moved to the North during the war began a migration that continued for decades.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the rising tide of public discontent with President Hoover's 1931-1932 policies?

Strikes turned violent in the coal and automobile industries.

Which of the following statements does not accurately characterize African American writers and artists of the Harlem Renaissance?

They were almost exclusively poets, believing that poetry was the "most pure" expression of African American culture.

The chief political virtue of Calvin Coolidge, who became president on Harding's death in 1923, was his

image of unimpeachable morality, which dissociated him from the scandals of the Harding administration.

The commanding officer of the federal detachment that confronted the Bonus Army was

Douglas MacArthur.

Following the stock market crash of October 1929,

many of the middle class who had not speculated in the stock market lost their life savings when banks failed.

One aim of 1920s "welfare capitalism" was to

deter the increase in union membership.

At the time of the stock market crash in 1929, which sector of the American economy was in the worst shape?

Agriculture

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the Red Scare of 1919-1921?

A series of bombings in 1919 led Americans to associate all radical or dissident political groups with violence.

Besides the League of Nations, which of the following was a goal that Woodrow Wilson actually achieved during his negotiations of the post-World War I peace settlement?

Self-determination for the newly independent nations

In his appearance before Congress to ask for a declaration of war in 1917, Woodrow Wilson

emphasized that America wished only to champion human rights.

One of the most enduring legacies of America's participation in World War I was

the development of the modern bureaucratic state.

The divided loyalties of the American people regarding U.S. entrance into World War I included

Irish American disdain for British occupation of Ireland.

During the strikes of 1919, tremendous political support was won when which of the following claimed that, "There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, anywhere, any time"?

Calvin Coolidge

The U.S. attorney general predicted that radicals would attempt to overthrow the U.S. government on May Day 1920; consequently, state militia units and police went on twenty-four-hour alert. What actually happened on that day?

Nothing unusual happened.

Besides the League of Nations, which of the following was a goal that Woodrow Wilson actually achieved during his negotiations of the post-World War I peace settlement?

Self-determination for the newly independent nations

In the Bonus Army incident in Washington (1932), federal troops

fired on the assembled veterans and burned their encampment.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes sports in the 1920s?

As the workweek shrank and paid vacations increased, Americans had more time to spend on recreation.

Which of the following statements most accurately assesses the historical significance of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation?

It gave the federal government a crucial role in American economic life.

As secretary of commerce under Warren Harding, Herbert Hoover

supported expansion of the federal government through voluntary cooperation with business in the public interest.

American literary figures of the 1920s, such as Ernest Hemingway, T. S. Eliot, and F. Scott Fitzgerald

rejected American materialism, complacency, and anti-intellectualism.

As the 1932 election approached,

despair and apathy, not anger, characterized most American voters.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the rising tide of public discontent with President Hoover's 1931-1932 policies?

Strikes turned violent in the coal and automobile industries.

Which of the following statements about the mass production of automobiles during the 1920s is not true?

The government discouraged the mass production of automobiles, citing safety concerns.

In addition to old-age pensions, the Social Security Act provided for

unemployment compensation.

Between 1935 and 1943, the Works Progress Administration (WPA)

put unemployed workers directly on the federal payroll.

A severe recession occurred in 1937-1938 when Roosevelt, Congress, and the Federal Reserve

cut spending and attempted to balance the budget.

The National Recovery Administration (NRA)

established a system of industrial self-government.

The Emergency Banking Act of 1933

prevented all banks from reopening until treasury inspectors examined their books and ascertained whether they had sufficient cash reserves.

The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

provided federal subsidies to farmers who cut farm production.

The New Deal's response to the Dust Bowl included the

planting of Shelterbelts.

Between 1935 and 1943, the Works Progress Administration (WPA)

put unemployed workers directly on the federal payroll.

The New Deal's most significant impact on women's working life was

its willingness to select women for policymaking positions in the government.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the New Deal's impact on the fine arts in the United States?

The Federal Art Project (FAP) employed many of the twentieth century's leading painters, muralists, and sculptors at a point in their careers when the lack of private patronage might have prevented them from continuing their artistic endeavors.

When President Franklin D. Roosevelt introduced legislation to enlarge the Supreme Court, he

was unsuccessful, but the Court began to uphold New Deal legislation.

By the time Congress recessed in June 1933, it had accomplished all of the following except

breaking the grip of the depression.

In the 1936 presidential election, Franklin D. Roosevelt

won by a landslide.

The benefits of the AAA

flowed to owners of medium-sized and large farms.

Which of the following was not an accomplishment of the New Deal conservation and construction programs?

Preserving the environment from technological intrusions

The greatest strength that Franklin Roosevelt brought to the presidency in the 1930s was his

ability to rebuild American confidence.

When negotiating codes of competition with various industries, the NRA

deferred to business trade associations.

Which statement describes rationing during World War II?

Most Americans complied with rationing.

In the 1944 presidential election, Democrats

received their margin of victory from urban areas with a population of more than 100,000.

The Neutrality Act of 1935 and its 1936 and 1937 amendments

required belligerent nations that wanted to buy nonmilitary goods from the United States to pay in cash and supply their own shipping.

Which of the following statements most accurately describes the experiences of minorities in the armed forces?

African Americans fought in segregated units.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes U.S. politics during World War II?

Congress narrowed Roosevelt's call in 1944 for a second bill of rights program to include only veterans.

Which of the following states was most affected by population migrations during World War II?

California

In June 1941, President Roosevelt issued an executive order banning discrimination in defense industries and the government on the basis of race, religion, color, or national origin primarily because

the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters agreed to cancel a protest march on Washington if he issued the order.

World War II began when

Germany invaded Poland.

During World War II, the War Production Board

preferred dealing with large corporations, hastening the formation of the military-industrial complex.

As part of the Good Neighbor Policy of the mid-1930s, the United States

repealed the Platt Amendment, which had asserted the right to intervene in Cuba.

Harry S. Truman was nominated as Roosevelt's vice presidential running mate in 1944 because

Vice President Wallace was considered to be too liberal by many party leaders, and Truman had built an excellent record in the Senate fighting wartime waste and inefficiency.

Which of the following supported an isolationist and noninterventionist position at the beginning of World War II?

Charles Lindbergh

Which of the following is correctly paired with his or her activity during World War II?

A. Philip Randolph: threatened to head a march on Washington to protest racial discrimination

Turning to the business community for assistance in fighting the Great Depression, President Hoover

urged companies to maintain high levels of production.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes American business during the 1920s?

The two hundred largest corporations controlled almost half of the national nonbanking wealth.

How did the U.S. government change immigration restrictions during the 1920s?

The National Origins Act (1924) set immigration quotas at 2 percent of each nationality as measured by the 1890 census.

How did the U.S. government change immigration restrictions during the 1920s?

The National Origins Act (1924) set immigration quotas at 2 percent of each nationality as measured by the 1890 census.

Which of the following statements most accurately assesses the historical significance of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation?

It gave the federal government a crucial role in American economic life.

In the 1930s, the labor movement failed to become a dominant force in American life mainly because

many workers remained apathetic about unionization.

A severe recession occurred in 1937-1938 when Roosevelt, Congress, and the Federal Reserve

cut spending and attempted to balance the budget.

For southern black sharecroppers, the New Deal's AAA often meant that

they received increased financial support from the government for crop diversification.

The Federal Writers' Project

supported young writers, such as Saul Bellow, Ralph Ellison, Tillie Olson, Richard Wright, and John Cheever.

The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

hired 250,000 young men to perform reforestation and conservation work.

In 1935, the Roosevelt administration introduced a tax reform bill that

was denounced by its opponents as a "soak the rich" measure.

Which of the following was not an accomplishment of the New Deal conservation and construction programs?

Preserving the environment from technological intrusions

He found it distasteful, preferring work relief over cash subsidies.

He opposed it vigorously and saw to it that New Deal programs never involved direct cash subsidies.

Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes disputes between labor and management during World War II?

During its tenure, the National War Labor Board handled more than 17,000 disputes involving millions of American workers.

Which of the following nations was not overrun by Germany in June 1940?

the Soviet Union

In Hirabayashi v. United States and Korematsu v. United States, how did the U.S. Supreme Court react to the internment of Japanese Americans?

The Court allowed the removal of Japanese Americans from the West Coast as a legitimate exercise of power during wartime.

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