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Medical Conditions and Diseases

HIV positive

having the virus that may develop into AIDS

HIV negative

term used to describe a person who does not have antibodies for HIV present in the blood

Angina

pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen

Appendicitis

inflammation of the vermiform appendix

Arthritis

inflammation of a joint or joints

Asthma

respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing

Atherosclerosis

condition in which fatty deposits called plaque build up on the inner walls of the arteries

Bell's Palsy

temporary paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve that causes drooping only on the affected side of the face

Bronchitis

inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes

Bursitis

INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSA

Calculus

A concretion formed in various parts of the body resembling a pebble in hardness.

Blood Clots

form around injury site to prevent any microbes or their toxins from spreading

Cancer

any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

a disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel (where the nerve passes through the wrist)

Cerebral Palsy

a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth

Chicken pox

common childhood disease that causes itchy bumps on the skin

Congestive Heart Failure

inability to pump enough blood to avoid congestion in the tissues

Convulsions

involuntary muscular contractions

Coronary Artery Disease

a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls

CVA- Cerebrovascular Accident- CVA- Cerebrovascular Accident- Stroke

when blood vessels in the brain are obstructed or rupture

Cystitis

inflammation of the bladder

Dementia

mental deterioration of organic or functional origin

Diabetes

A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.

Diphtheria

acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium

Epilepsy

a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions

Flu/influenza

a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by any of a variety of viruses

Gall Stones

compacted bits of bile causing blockage of Gall Bladder and possible rupture

Gastrointestinal Disease

Solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach.

Gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

Gout

Inflammation of joints due to the deposit of sodium urate crystals

Graft versus Host Disease

condition that occurs following bone marrow transplant in which the immune cells in the transplanted marrow produce antibodies against the host's tissues

Hay Fever

a seasonal rhinitis resulting from an allergic reaction to pollen

Heart Failure

inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain normal bodily functions

Hemorrhoids

Swollen, painful rectal veins; often a result of constipation

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin, inflammation of the liver

Hodgkin's Disease

cancer of the lymphatic tissue

Hypertension

a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)

Jaundice

a sharp and bitter manner

Leprosy

chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions

Leukemia

cancer of white blood cells

Lupus

a chronic autoimmune disease.

Meningitis

infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection

Metastasis

the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life

Heart Attack

the event in which vessels that feed the heart muscle become blocked, causing tissue death

Multiple Sclerosis

a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers

Mumps

an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands

Myesthenia Gravis

muscle weakness. Produces antibodies that prevent muscle from receiving neurotransmitter form neurons. Auto immune

Narrowing of the Arteries

Moyamoya disease

Osteoporosis

abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium

Pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

Pneumonia

inflammation of the lungs

Paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

Prostate Cancer

cancer of the prostate gland

Lung Failure

lung cannot oxygenate blood b/c alveoli fill with fluid

Renal Calculi

Kidney stones

Kidney Failure

inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance

Respiratory Arrest

When breathing completely stops

Rheumatism

any painful disorder of the joints or muscles or connective tissues

Rheumatoid Fever

occurs when antibodies are generated against "streptococcus aureus" wall protein (bacteria)

Rubella

a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days

Sarcoma

a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.)

Scarlet Fever

an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash

Seizures

a neurological dysfunction caused by a sudden episode of uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain that may result in the involuntary, uncontrolled muscle contractions. usually characterized by LOC and involuntary spasmodic muscle twitching.

Slipped Disk

condition where a cartilage disc (located between each vertebrae and acts as a shock absorber of the spine) ruptures or protrudes out of place and places pressure on spinal nerves

Small pox

is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus: Variants named Variola major and Variola minor.

Sore Throat

inflammation of the fauces and pharynx

Sprain

twist suddenly so as to sprain

Strain

make tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;

Stroke

touch lightly and with affection, with brushing motions

STD

sexually transmitted disease

Tachycardia

abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)

Tetanus

an acute and potentially fatal infection of the central nervous system caused by a toxin produced by the tetanus bacteria

Thyroid

part of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism

Tuberculosis

infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)

Typhoid Fever

serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration

Ulcer

an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar and is sometimes accompanied by infection

Venereal Disease

a communicable disease transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact

Whooping cough

a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane

Yellow Fever

a disease transmitted by mosquitoes: its symptoms inclued high fever and vomiting

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