Broken windows theory is concerned with which of the following?
a direct link between disorder and crime
In a careful and extensive survey of a representative sample of high- and low-crime neighborhoods in major cities what topped the list of worries among all classes, races, and ethnic groups, among both men and women?
Laws targeting poor people's behavior, and the attitudes behind them, began to change during
the Great Depression
What theory suggests that public order crime is serious because it eventually causes more serious crimes?
In what case did the U.S. Supreme Court tighten the constitutional restrictions on loitering statutes?
Kolender v. Lawson
Courts began striking down vagrancy and loitering laws because they violated what doctrine?
void for vagueness
In what case did the U.S. Court struck down the Jacksonville, Florida, vagrancy ordinance, which was nearly identical to virtually every other vagrancy law in the country?
Papischristou v. City of Jacksonville
Enforcing the laws regulating the behavior of homeless and other street people generates controversy because
they seem to target the poorest and weakest members of society in order to make life more convenient for those who are better off
Because begging is protected speech, attempts to regulate it must meet the requirements of which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution?
What is the name of a temporary court order to do or to stop doing something?
a preliminary injunction
Which of the following is not a factor used by courts when testing for the validity of a time, place, and manner regulation?
the group/person making the speech
The Constitution does not permit a legislature to set a net large enough to catch
all possible offenders
To deal with gang problems, many cities have utilized the civil remedy of an injunction to abate
In addition to criminal penalties, cities have also turned to what other remedies to control gang activity
In Morales v. Chicago, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the city's anti-gang ordinance was unconstitutional because it
Currently prostitution means all contacts and penetrations as long as they're done with the intent to
end in the sex act
What type of crimes are a hot-button issue between those who believe that criminal law should enforce morality and those who believe the nonviolent behavior of competent adults is none of the law's business?
"victimless" crimes against public decency