the process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congestion and competition
A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
Country with a majority of only one language
common use of two or more languages in a society or country
the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of lower-income people)
that a countries nth largest city carries 1/n th the population of the country, so its 2nd largest carries 1/2, and its 4th carries 1/4!
Pop Question: Is india a federal state or unitary state?
Pop question: is france a federal or unitary state?
a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular geographic areas
Sub-saharian africa's food crisis
Food production has been droping since the 1960's even though the population is still growing rapidly causing malnutrition across the region. Chapter 10~Agriculture~p.363
Human developement index (HDI)
created by the united nations, it lists in order the most developed countries according to the econimic(money), social(culture and technology amount), and Demographic(CBR, CDR, literacy rate ect.)
Illegal practice of refusing to make mortgage loans or issue insurance policies in specific areas for reasons other than economic qualifications of applicants
Pop Question: Aproximately how many independent states exist on the earth's surface?
Answer: Saudi Arabia
Pop Question: What country does Mecca(Islamic holy city) lie in?
Answer: Nationless State
Pop Question: Kurds are best known as?
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
Pop Question: Do shiite or sunni muslims comprise 90% of the population of Iran?
A language used for internatinal dealing and communication
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
a boundary that is imposed on the cultural landscape which ignores pre-existing cultural patterns (typically a colonial boundary)...
secondary economic activity
economic activity involving the processing of raw materials and their transformation into finished industrial products; the manufacturing sector
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
economic development, or growth, is not uniform over an entire region, but instead takes place around a specific pole.
companies decide that importing is better and shut down their factories in their home country
an extensive concentration of urbanized settlement formed by a coalescence of several metropolitan areas. The term is commonly applied to the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the U.S. extending from Boston, MA to Washington, D.C.
favelas, barrios, and Barriadas
large slums in urban areas of Brazil,, neighborhoods of people from Mexico, a neighborhood, usually a slum or lower class (Latin American cities)
small country located between two hostile powers and whose presence decreased the possibility of conflict between them
general fertility rate
number of live births expected in a year per 1,000 women aged 15 to 49 years
pop question: what country other than india has a large hindu population?
Migrants may find a place more appealing before reaching intended destination.
a form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place
lack of resistance
diffusion is distance-biased, where a phenomenon spreads to individuals or groups nearest it's place or origin.
Industries that are able to shift the location of their facilities in order to take advantage of cheap labor.
industries that are located everywhere in direct proportion to the distribution of population
Trading stations at the borders between communities, which made change possible among many different partners. Long-distance traders could also replenish their supplies at these stations.
The tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication.
bulk reducing industries
Industries whose final products weigh less than their constituent parts, and whose processing facilities tend to be located close to sources of raw materials.
Countries that have a marginal role in the world economy and are thus dependent on the core producing societies for their trading relationships., The world's lower class, relatively poor societies popularly known as developing countries
A structuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. Based on the idea that certain types of political and economic relations (especially colonialism) between countries and regions of the world have created arrangements that both control and limit the extent to which regions can develop.
A process through which tendencies for economic growth are self-reinforcing; an expression of the multiplier effect, it tends to favor major cities and core regions over less-advantaged peripheral regions.
expansion of economic activity caused by the growth or introduction of another economic activity
the negative impacts on a region of the economic growth on some other region.
foreign direct investment
a joint venture between a foreign company and a United States company
An idea to change a planet's atmosphere to make it able to sustain human life by adding gasses, adding moons, and melting the water.
governments that encourage or force childbearing and outlaw or limit access to contraception
a psychologist who studied the basic elements that make up conscious mental experiences
the model based on the idea that all countries are at the same level on a developmental status