Charles Horton Cooley referred to a small social group whose members share personal and enduring relationships as
a primary group
Which concept is used to designate the process by which people creatively shape reality as they interact?
social construction of reality
The importance of Alfred Kinsey's research on sexuality in the United States was
making sexuality a focus of scientific study, showing that people were less conventional than most of society thought, and encouraging a greater openness toward sexuality
What is the sociological term coined by Irving Janis for a limited understanding of some issue resulting from group conformity?
Max Weber argued that formal organizations were efficient , but he cautioned that they can have harmful effects on people. As he saw it, what is the danger?
organizations create alienation
Which type of leadership style takes charge of making decisions and makes sure people do what they are told?
Most women take the family name of a man they marry. In sociological terms, this is an example of how language can be used to convey
power over others
The tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves in order to keep going is called bureaucratic
Which of the following concepts refers to stigmatizing anyone who is not heterosexual as "queer"?
Which theoretical approach rests on the idea that society needs to regulate human sexuality?
the structural-functional approach
Which theoretical approach points to the ways which sexuality is linked to social inequality?
the social-conflict approach
Sociologist use what concept to refer to behavior that people expect from someone who holds a particular status?
Based on what you know about the history of human sexuality, once society gains birth control technology
social norms regarding sexuality become more permissive
Which statements correctly reflects Simmel's interpretation of the dyad?
dyads are less stable than groups with many members
In general, we see ----- as a means to an end; we see ----- as an end in itself.
a secondary group; a primary group
Max Weber noted many traits of bureaucracy. Which of the following is NOT one of them?
favoring family members over strangers
Think about the process of McDonaldization. Looking at the list below, which one of the traits is NOT linked to McDonaldization?
Which of the following likely plays a part of the reality we construct through social interactions?
social class background, the country we live in, and our ethnicity
Shawna is an excellent artist, but as a mother she feels that she cannot work and devote enough time to her family. She is experiencing
Which concept refers to a status that has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person's entire life?
What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
In terms of dramaturgical analysis, another term for helping a person to "save face" or avoid embarrassment is
Stanley Milgram's research, in which subjects used a "shock generator" showed
people are surprisingly likely to follow the orders of not only authority figures but also groups of ordinary individuals
What concept refers to a social position that is received at birth or involuntary assumed later in life?
Which concept refers to group leadership that emphasizes collective well-being?
Sarah feels little or no sexual attraction to people of either sex. Her sexual orientation is called
Which types of formal organization is sometimes called a "voluntary association"?
Soloman Asch's research, in which subjects were asked to match lines, showed that
group membership has the power to generate conformity
If you were teaching a class about the symbolic-interaction approach to sexuality, on which of the following topics would you likely focus?
how individuals in various settings engage in different sexual behavior and attach different meanings to sexual activity
The text suggests that the MOST widely divisive issue regarding sexuality in the United States in recent years has been
During the last fifty years, Japanese formal organizations have differed from those in the United States by being
more collective in their orientation
Which one of the following statements about rape is NOT true?
in most cases of rape, the victim does not know the attacker
The majority of evidence indicates that sexual orientation is rooted in
human biology, although social experience plays some role
The success story of the McDonald's organization explains
that the organizational principles of McDonald's have come to dominate our social life
Which type of formal organization do people join in order to obtain money and other material?