Chapter 14

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According to Zweigenhaft and Domhoff, which of the following compose today's U.S. power elite?

all of these

Which sociologist originally articulated the concept of the power elite?

C.C. Wright Mills

The social institution that relies on a recognized set of procedures for implementing and achieving the goals of a group is called a (an)

political system.

Like the social institutions of religion and the family, economic, and political systems are considered

...

The sociocultural evolution approach developed by Gerhard Lenski categorizes preindustrial societies according to the way in which the __________ is organized.

...

Which type of society relies chiefly on mechanization for the production of its economic goods and services?

...

A society such as France or Italy that has an economy based on the production of goods in factories through mechanization would be an example of a (an) _______________ society.

...

What are the two basic types of economic systems that distinguish contemporary societies?

...

Capitalism is an economic system in which

...

Mary opens up a small printing business in her town. Although she enjoys the work, her primary motive for opening this business is to earn more money to help support her family. This would be characteristic of which type of economic system?

...

Laissez-faire is a form of

...

Adam Smith is associated with

...

In the book The Jungle, Upton Sinclair describes the meatpacking industry in Chicago at the beginning of the twentieth century. The unregulated meatpacking companies had questionable health and safety standards, and they exploited their employees unmercifully. Sinclair was discussing a stage of economic development known as

...

A monopoly is

...

For many years, there was only one long-distance telephone company in the U.S.—the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. This company was an example of a (an)

...

A computer software manufacturer creates a product that all computers are required to use. The exclusive product allows the manufacturer to dictate prices, standards of quality, and product availability. This manufacturer would be an example of a (an)

...

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to suggest that pure monopolies are not a basic element of the economy, although a few dominant enterprises restrict new ones from entering the marketplace to restrict competition?

...

Which of the following resources has recently led to unfettered capitalism in the Democratic Republic of Congo?

...

Which of the following created a heightened demand for particular resources within the Democratic Republic of Congo?

...

Which two theorists were responsible for the development of socialism?

...

Socialism is defined as

...

In which type of economic system is the laissez-faire philosophy rejected, and the central government, acting as a representative of the people, makes basic economic decisions?

...

Socialist societies differ from capitalist societies in their commitment to

...

The U.S. has considered a national health care system that would guarantee medical coverage to all citizens as a basic human right. The government's involvement in providing health care for all citizens is characteristic of which type of economic system?

...

Karl Marx believed that

...

Which term do we use to refer to an economic system under which all property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people's ability to produce?

...

Communism is an economic system in which

...

Moses is working on a kibbutz in Israel where all the members have the same standard of living and they equally divide the profits from the citrus crop that is the primary source of income for the community. This kibbutz is an example of which type of economic system?

...

Transfers of money, goods, or services that take place but are not reported to the government are referred to as

...

An unlicensed street vendor sells watches, which may have been stolen, from a makeshift stand in New York City's Times Square. Another individual repairs cars for "private" clients in a garage attached to his home. Both of these people are part of

...

Which of the following would be an example of the informal economy?

...

The working women of Nepal are largely responsible for which type of economic system?

...

Which of the following are responsible for opening up China's economy to capitalism?

...

Which country will be the world's largest economy in the year 2020?

...

When did the Chinese government first begin to ease restrictions against private enterprise?

...

Which of the following statements is correct regarding China's economy today?

...

The average wage per month for a six-day week in privately-owned factories in China is

...

Social problems associated with China's massive economic growth include

...

What term do we use to refer to "who gets what, when, and how?"

...

Who came up with the tersely articulated but often remembered definition for politics?

...

Which term was used by Max Weber to refer to the ability to exercise one's will over others?

...

Power relations can involve

...

A sociology instructor decides what subject matter will be covered each time the class meets. The fact that the instructor can make these decisions and that the students must follow her lead is an example of

...

Max Weber defined force as

...

When leaders imprison or even execute political dissidents, they are applying

...

The exercise of power through a process of persuasion is known as

...

After a dinner-table argument with his grown children, a man changes his position on the issue of immigrant refugees being granted asylum in the U.S. This would be an example of

...

Which of the following terms refers to power that has been institutionalized and is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised?

...

Which of the following would most likely be an example of authority?

...

Which of the following created a classification system of authority that distinguishes between traditional, rational-legal, and charismatic authority?

...

Traditional authority refers to

...

Perceiving the orders of one's superiors to be legitimate because "this is how things have always been done" would be an example of a political system based on

...

In a society based on rational-legal authority, leaders derive their authority from

...

In the U.S., there is a presidential election every four years. After the election, nearly half the population readily accepts the leadership of the person for whom they did not vote. This is an example of

...

In a society based on charismatic authority, leaders derive their authority from

...

___________ authority is derived more from the beliefs of followers than from the actual qualities of

...

Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., Adolf Hitler, and Joan of Arc were all leaders who used their respective power to press for changes in accepted social behavior. Their respective power came from what kind of authority?

...

In pointing out that the growth of the electronic media has facilitated the development of charismatic authority, sociologist Carl Couch draws on the

...

Which sociologist suggested that the growth of the electronic media has facilitated the development of charismatic authority?

...

Which form of government is lead by a single member of a royal family?

...

Your textbook lists which of the following countries in which the monarch still holds genuine governmental power?

...

What term for government do we use to refer to a small group of individuals who rule?

...

In which type of government does a single person hold all power?

...

Totalitarianism is a form of

...

Which of the following countries would be considered totalitarian states?

...

The English term "democracy" comes from which language?

...

The root "demos" means which of the following?

...

The United States utilizes which type of government?

...

Which of the following statements about political apathy in the U.S. is correct?

...

How many Americans out of five have ever contacted an official of national, state, or local government about a political issue or problem?

...

What percentage of eligible voters in the U.S. voted in the 2008 presidential election?

...

In what position did the United States place in voter turnout among a survey of 140 countries who have held parliamentary elections during the last fifty years of the twentieth century?

...

What percentage of U.S. adults went online to get news information regarding the 2008 presidential election?

...

A decline in political participation allows governments to

...

Which group has a particularly low voter turnout?

...

Which amendment was ratified in reaction to the strong political activism displayed by young people during the 1960s?

...

What was a consequence of lowering the voter age from 21 to 18?

...

In what year did women receive the right to vote?

...

How many U.S. Senators out of 100 were women in 2010?

...

How many U.S. Senators out of 100 were African American in 2010?

...

What do we mean when we use the term "fiesta politics"?

...

A recent analysis of newspaper coverage of female gubernatorial candidates indicated that

...

Which country has the highest percentage of females represented in legislative houses?

...

Karl Marx believed that

...

Which model of power relations suggests that society is ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests?

...

Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., Adolf Hitler, and Joan of Arc were all leaders who used their respective power to press for changes in accepted social behavior. Their respective power came from what kind of authority?

...

In pointing out that the growth of the electronic media has facilitated the development of charismatic authority, sociologist Carl Couch draws on the

...

Which sociologist suggested that the growth of the electronic media has facilitated the development of charismatic authority?

...

Which form of government is lead by a single member of a royal family?

...

Your textbook lists which of the following countries in which the monarch still holds genuine governmental power?

...

What term for government do we use to refer to a small group of individuals who rule?

...

In which type of government does a single person hold all power?

...

Totalitarianism is a form of

...

Which of the following countries would be considered totalitarian states?

...

The English term "democracy" comes from which language?

...

The root "demos" means which of the following?

...

The United States utilizes which type of government?

...

Which of the following statements about political apathy in the U.S. is correct?

...

How many Americans out of five have ever contacted an official of national, state, or local government about a political issue or problem?

...

What percentage of eligible voters in the U.S. voted in the 2008 presidential election?

...

In what position did the United States place in voter turnout among a survey of 140 countries who have held parliamentary elections during the last fifty years of the twentieth century?

...

What percentage of U.S. adults went online to get news information regarding the 2008 presidential election?

...

A decline in political participation allows governments to

...

Which group has a particularly low voter turnout?

...

Which amendment was ratified in reaction to the strong political activism displayed by young people during the 1960s?

...

What was a consequence of lowering the voter age from 21 to 18?

...

In what year did women receive the right to vote?

...

How many U.S. Senators out of 100 were women in 2010?

...

How many U.S. Senators out of 100 were African American in 2010?

...

What do we mean when we use the term "fiesta politics"?

...

A recent analysis of newspaper coverage of female gubernatorial candidates indicated that

...

Which country has the highest percentage of females represented in legislative houses?

...

Karl Marx believed that

...

Which model of power relations suggests that society is ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests?

...

As described byC. Wright Mills, the "power elite" is

...

Which of the following terms didC. Wright Mills use to refer to the power elite at the top of his pyramid structure?

...

Which of the following didC. Wright Mills fail to provide when outlining his theory of a power elite?

...

Which of the following attributes accurately reflect today's corporate elite?

...

G. William Domhoff's view of the power structure of the U.S. most closely resembles the analysis of which sociological perspective?

...

According to G. William Domhoff's model of the political power structure, which coalition would colleges and universities likely belong to?

...

In which U.S. political party does Domhoff's conservative coalition play a large role?

...

The pluralist model of power relations in the U.S. suggests that

...

Which sociologist supported the pluralist model as the basis for power on the community level?

...

Which sociologist has criticized the pluralist model for failing to account for the exclusion of African Americans from the political process?

...

Dianne Pinderhughes has criticized _____________ for failing to account for the exclusion of African Americans from the political process.

...

Sociologists Theodore Caplow and Louis Hicks have defined ________ as conflict between organizations that possess trained combat forces equipped with deadly weapons.

...

Which recent event was reminiscent of Philip Zimbardo's mock prison experiment conducted in 1971?

...

How do sociologists define the concept of peace?

...

Which of the following has had a beneficial effect on international relations according to sociologists and researchers?

...

According to the Global Peace Index, which nation is at the top or is otherwise considered "very peaceful"?

...

What term do we use to refer to the use or threat of violence against random or symbolic targets in pursuit of political aims?

...

Which of the following is an example of terrorism?

...

Utilizing Erving Goffman's dramaturgical approach, Alfred McClung Lee has suggested that terrorism

...

Which of the following is predictable in the aftermath of a terrorist attack?

...

Lending small sums of money to the poor so they can work their way out of poverty is referred to as

...

The concept of microfinancing was developed by who in 1976?

...

The term microfinancing refers to

...

The idea behind microfinancing first emerged

...

Over 90% of microloan recipients are

...

Affirmative action is defined as

...

Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities are known as

...

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to view affirmative action as a legislative attempt to reduce inequality embedded in the social structure by increasing the opportunities of groups that have been deprived in the past?

...

Which sociological perspective would be most interested in studying how the introduction of an affirmative action program in a factory creates labels and stereotypes within a workplace and affects the relationships among employees?

...

The term "affirmative action" first appeared in an executive order issued by which U.S. President?

...

In 2003, in a case involving the University of Michigan, the U.S. Supreme Court determined that affirmative action programs were

...

Black, Latino, and Hispanic workers are entering the labor force ___________ White workers.

...

In the future, sociologists expect a workforce increasingly comprised of

...

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that in the changing face of the workforce, workers will find themselves supervising and being supervised by people very different from themselves?

...

The systematic, widespread withdrawal of investment in basic aspects of productivity such as factories and plants is known as

...

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