the movement of customs or ideas from one place to another
Judging other cultures by the standards of your own.
skills and tools a people use; also one of the first things to change as a result of Cultural Diffusion
The passing of culture from one generation to the next; education
crops that are grown to be sold on the world market
the growth of machine-powered production in an economy; a goal of developing nations
the spread of "western" culture (USA and European)
pride and loyalty in one's country; often led/leads to independence movements
event in Human history that ended the nomadic lifestyle
most important unit of social organization AND has the most influence on an individual's behavior.
effect of Imperialism in Africa
traditional family and community ties were decreased; artificial boundaries were drawn.
system of racial segregation in South Africa
Africa's varied geography
explains the diversity of African cultures; uneven distribution of resources.
commonalities that all cultures share
an activity that allows the greatest amount of diffusion
any specific tool, practice, or technology that is unque to a culture
one of the last things to change as a result of Cultural Diffusion
Most commonly found cultural universal; also tends to slow the rate of cultural change
goal of education
guarantees that citizens will be able to function in society
a total way of life and a learned behavior that created by a specific groups to suit their needs
reliance of nations on one another in social, economic, or technological situations
control by one country of the policitcal, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
nation where the government controls all aspects of citizen's lives
governement program of redistributing land
sacred text of Islam
created as a homeland for Jews after the Holocaust of WWII
connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea
major influence on Islam
motive for 20th century interest in the Middle East
economic - esp. petroleum and trade routes
a major stumbling block to peace in the Middle East
the establishment of a Palestinian state.
Significance of OPEC
They control large amount of the world's oil
reaction to modernization and Westernization within the Muslim community; enforces limited rights for women.
had beginnings in Hinduism; began in India; rejects idea of caste; believes in reincarnation; diffused to China
Hindu class system that one is born into; used in India; rejected by the founder of Buddhism
Used by Gandhi and his followers to gain independence from Great Britain
established in 1947 due to religious differences between Hindus and Muslims
believe in reincarnation; cows are sacred; most common in India
seasonal winds that affect the climate of South Asia
Chinese philosophy that emphasized relationships and "superiors" setting a good example for "inferiors"
challenge to Japanese economy
shortage of workers
Japanese "Economic Miracle"
refers to Japan's recovery from the devestation of WWII
Comunists and Nationalist
opposing groups in China that eventually went to war
fought between China and Great Britain because the British would not obey Chinese trade laws
results of Chinese Communist Revolution
Mao Zedong became chairman,; Taiwan was established; women recieved rights
One Child Policy
China's attempt to limit population growth
where Chinese protesters were killed; showed the world that the government would not allow protests againt the state
Third World (Developing Nations)
term used for countries who are not industrialized
reason for conflict in Israel and the Middle East
having more than one spouse; acceptable in the Arab world, but not widely practiced due to economic reasons.
Hebrew text; Judaism, Christianity and Islam all have basis in it
attitudes and beliefs that a group holds to be important and desirable
major concern for Israel
Goal of China's government in the '80s
improving the economy
limited interaction with other cultures
Chinese vs Japanese economies
Japan has focused on high-tech industries; China on manufactured goods
examples of cultural diffusion from China to Japan
architecture, Buddhism, calligraphy
early civilization's development due to fertile soil
Major problem in Sub-Saharan Africa
Latin American Independence Wars
By the 1800s, Spain had lost most of its colonies in Latin America
Many Latin American governments feel that as long as the U.S. demand for drugs remains strong, the drug trade will continue.
Traditional Chinese society
Stressed the belief that the family came before the individual.
competition to get into the best schools if fierce because going to a top school opens the door to a successful career.
An area with its own unifying features, such as cultural or political characteristics.