CPS 100: Chapter 1-3

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Internet

The ____ is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals.

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

____ oversees research and sets standards and guidelines for many areas of the Internet.

processor

The ____ is the electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer.

title bar

The ____ of the document window usually displays a document's file name.

Application

____ software consists of programs designed to make users more productive and/or assist them with personal tasks.

DSL

____ is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using regular copper telephone lines.

Clip art

____ is a collection of electronic drawings, photos, and other images that can be inserted into documents.

cell

A(n) ____ is the intersection of a column and row in a worksheet.

storage

A computer keeps data, instructions, and information on ____ media such as USB flash drives, CDs, DVDs, memory cards, and hard disks.

Icon

A(n) ____ is a small image displayed on the screen that represents a program, a document, or some other object.

desktop

In the Windows Vista operating system, as shown in Figure 2, the ____ is an on-screen work area that has a graphical user interface.

computer

A(n) ____ is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the results for future use.

Presentation

____ software allows users to create visual aids for presentations to communicate ideas, messages, and other information to a group.

Distance learning (DL)

____ is the delivery of education at one location while the learning takes place at other locations.

Supercomputers

____ are the fastest, most powerful computers — and the most expensive.

system

The ____ unit is a case that contains electronic components of the computer that are used to process data.

input

A(n) ____ device is any hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer.

spelling checker

Word processing software includes a(n) ____, which reviews the spelling of individual words, sections of a document, or the entire document.

VoIP

also is called Internet telephony

style

A font ____, such as bold, italic, and underline in Figure 3, adds emphasis to a font.

Spreadsheet

____ software is software that allows users to organize data in rows and columns and perform calculations on the data.

Internet-enabled

Some mobile devices are ____, meaning they can connect to the Internet wirelessly.

network

A(n) ____ is a collection of computers and devices connected together as shown in Figure 4 via communications devices and transmission media.

output

A(n) ____ device is any hardware component that conveys information to one or more people.

literacy

Computer ____ entails having the knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses.

address

An e-mail ____ is a combination of user name and domain name that identifies a user so he or she can receive Internet e-mail.

Data

____ is a collection of unprocessed items, which can include text, numbers, images, audio, and video.

FTP

____ is an Internet standard that permits file uploading and downloading with other computers on the Internet.

query

A(n) ____ is a request for specific data from a database.

communications

A(n) ____ device is a hardware component that enables a computer to send (transmit) and receive data, instructions, and information to and from one or more computers.

ARPANET

The Internet has its roots in ____, a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States.

browser

A(n) ____ is application software that allows users to access and view Web pages.

Netiquette

____ is the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online.

page

Each electronic document on the Web is called a Web ____, which can contain text, graphics, audio (sound), and video.

modem

A cable ____ allows access to high-speed Internet services through the cable television network.

CAD

____ software is a sophisticated type of application software that assists a professional user in creating engineering, architectural, and scientific designs

periods

The components of a domain name are separated by ____.

SMTP (simple mail transfer protocol)

____ is a communications technology used by some outgoing mail servers.

garbage in, garbage out

A computing phrase — known as ____ — points out that the accuracy of a computer's output depends on the accuracy of the input.

hits

A search engine, such as that shown in Figure 5, displays a list of ____, or Web page names, that contain the search text.

tabbed browsing

Most current Web browsers support ______ ________, where the top of the browser displays a tab for each Web page you open.

monitor

A _______ displays text, graphics, and videos on a screen.

Internet

No single person, company, institution, or government agency controls or owns the _______.

smart phone

In addition to basic telephone capabilities, a _____ _____ allows users to send and receive e-mail and
access the Web.

user interface

The ____ ________ controls how data and instructions are entered and how information displays on the
screen.

serif font

A ____ _____ font has short decorative lines at the upper and lower ends of the characters.

Shareware

Developers of _________ rely on the honor system, trusting users to send payments if software use to extend the stated trial period.

blogs

Some enterprises use _____ to open communications among employees, customers, and/or vendors.

recalculating

One of the more powerful features of spreadsheet software is its capability of ___________ the rest of the
worksheet when data in a worksheet changes.

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