the point in a tragedy's plot at which the protagonist recognizes his/her true identity or discovers the true nature of his/her situation
directly addressing a person, place, thing, or abstraction, living, dead, or absent from the work.
beneficial effect tragedy has on spectators; vicarious experience of fear and pity producing a feeling of emotional cleansing or purging
deus ex machina
Literally: the god from the machine. In ancient Greek & Roman plays, a "god" was mechanically lowered to the stage in order to resolve a mortal's problem.
an error, mistake in judgment, or misstep through which the hero succumbs to misfortune; this error is not necessarily a flaw in character but it does move the character from happiness to misery
excessive pride, ambition, or overconfidence which results in the misfortune of the protagonist; leads to a break with moral law or decision to ignore a divine warning with catastrophic results
a prophet who divines the future; a prophecy, often obscure or allegorical, revealed by a priest or priestess, believed to be infallible; also a shrine where an oracular god is consulted, i.e. the oracle at Delphi
a character of noble stature who, by virtue of a tragic flaw and fate, suffers a fall from glory into suffering
in a tragedy, the final event of the dramatic action, usually extreme misfortune or utter ruin
one of the 3 appeals in a rhetorical argument; directed to arouse emotions, especially feelings of sympathetic pity or compassion; Greek tragedies are intended to evoke pathos in the audience
the fate that cannot be escaped; contemporary view = one's greatest fear or enemy, often, in reality: oneself
one of 3 appeals in a rhetorical argument; this appeal convinces because the speaker/writer is a trustworthy authority, one who deserves respect and can therefore persuade us to act/think in a certain manner
one of 3 appeals in a rhetorical argument; this appeal convinces because the speaker/writer uses reason; the claims are effectively supported
first of a pair of "stanzas" in a choral ode; in Greek theater, the Chorus moves from right to left as they chant/sing the strophe
the responding stanza to the first strophe; in Greek theater, the Chorus moves in the opposite direction - from left to right - as the sing/chant the antistrophe; the pairs promote balance and equanimity