Chem 102 FInal (1)

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34 terms

addition of hydrogen to an organic compound or the loss of ozygen

Reduction

the dehydration product of CH3CH2CH2OH in the presence of acid is

propene

when a primary alcohol is completely oxidized, the product is

a carboxylic acid

thiols can be gently oxidized to

disulfides

how many isomers does C3H6O have?

two

in the IUPAC naming system, a ketone is named by replacing the -e in the corresponding alkane name with

one

the compound 2-propanone is also known as

dimethyl ketone

acetone is a ketone commonly used as a

solvent

the oxygen atom in a crbonyl group is _______ the carbon atom

more electronegative than

which of the folowing would not be water soluble: propanal, formaldehyde, 3-heptanone, acetone, 2-butanone

3-heptanon

the hydrogenation of 2-methylpropanal gives the product

2-methyl-1-propanol

how many different substituents are required on a carbon atom for it to be chiral

4

HOW DO SUGARS FORM CYCLIC HEMIACETALS

a molecule of sugar reacts with itself

a carbohydrate that gives two molecules when it is completely hydrolyzed is known as a

disaccharide

a monosaccharide that consists of 5 carbon atoms, one of which is in a ketone group, is classified as a(n)

ketopentose

one difference between D-Glucose and L-glucose is

only D-glucose is found in disaccharides and polysaccharides

the sugar also known as dextrose and blood sugar is

glucose

a glycosidic bond between two monosaccharides can also be classified as a(n)

esther bond

which of the folowing contains a B-1,4-glycosidic bond: lactose, galactose, maltose, amylose, sucrose

lactose

which sugar is not a reducing sugar: fructose, glucose, galactose, sucrose, maltose

sucrose

Maltose is a

disaccharide

Galactose is a product of enzymatic hydrolysis of

lactose

fructose does not undergo hydrolysis becasue it is a

monosaccharide

amylose is a form of starch which has

only alpha-1,4-links bonds glucose units

which of the following contains alpha-1,6-branches: glycogen, cellulose, maltose, sucrose, amylose

glycogen

under acid hydrolysis conditions, starch is eventually converted to

glucose

which of the following is found in vinegar: acetic acid, formic acid, butyric acid, propanoic acid, nitric acid

acetic acid

a carboxylic acid is prepared from an aldehyde by

oxidation

in water solutions, how does dilute acetic acid behave

as a weak acid

the alcohol and carbozylic acid required to form propyl ethanoate are

1-propanol and ethanoic acid

THE REDUCTION OF AN ESTER WITH NaOH IS KNOWN AS

saponification

when compared to sulfuric acid, how strong are carboxylic acids (just as strong, stronger, weaker, not acidic at all)

stronger

what happens to water solubility as chain lenghth increases in carboxylic acids

decreases

which of these functional groups is likely to give a sour taste to food: ester, thiol, ether, carboxylic acid, ketone

carboxylic acid

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