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Ablation

removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical destruction, electrocautery, freezing, or radiofrequency (RF)

Abortion

termination of pregnancy

Absence

without

Actinotherapy

treatment of acne using ultraviolet rays

Adenoidectomy

removal of adenoids

Adipose

fatty

Adrenals

glands located at the top of the kidneys that produce steroid hormones

Albinism

lack of color pigment

Allograft

aka homograft, same species graft

Alopecia

condition in which hair falls out

Aminocentesis

percutaneous aspiration of amniotic fluid

Amniotic sac

sac containing the fetus and amniotic fluid

A-mode

one dimensional ultrasonic display reflecting the time it takes a sound way to reach a structure and reflect back, maps the structures outline

Anastomosis

surgical connection of two tubular structures such as two pieces of intestine

Aneurysm

abnormal dilation of vessels, usually an artery

Angina

sudden pain

Angiography

radiography of the blood vessels

Angioplasty

procedure in a vessel to dilate the vessel opening

Anhidrosis

deficiency of sweat

Anomaloscope

instrument used to test color vision

Anoscopy

procedure that uses a scope to examine the anus

Antepartum

before childbirth

Anterior(ventral)

in front of

Anterior Segment

those parts of the eye in front of and including the lens,orbit,extraocular muscles, and eyelid

Anteroposterior

from front to back

Antigen

a substance that produces a specific response

Aortography

radiographic recording of the aorta

Apex Cardiography

recording of the movement of the chest wall

Aphakia

absence of the lens of the eye

Apicectomy

excision of a portion of the temporal bone

Apnea

cessation of breathing

Arthocentesis

injection and/or aspiration of joint

Arthrodesis

surgical immobilization of joint

Arthrography

radiography of joint

Arthroplasty

reshaping or reconstruction of joint

Arthroscopy

use of scope to view inside joint

Arthrotomy

incision into a joint

Articular

pertains to joint

Asphyxia

lack of oxygen

Aspiration

use of a needle and a syringe to withdraw fluid

Assignment

Medicare's payment for the service, which participating physicians agree to accept as payment in full

Asthma

shortage of breath caused by contraction of bronchi

Astigmatism

condition in which the refractive surfaces of the eye are unequal

Atelectasis

incomplete expansion of lung, collapse

Atherectomy

removal of plaque by percutaneous method

Atrophy

wasting away

Audiometry

hearing test

Aural Atresia

congenital absence of the external auditory canal

Auscultation

listening to sounds within the body

Autograft

from patient's own body

Avulsion

ripping or tearing away of part either surgically or accidentally

Axillary nodes

lymph nodes located in the armpit

Bacilli

plural of bacillus, a rod shaped bacterium

Barium enema

radiographic contrast medium

Beneficiary

person who benefits form health or life insurance

Bifocal

two focuses in eyeglass, one usually for close work and the other for improvement of distance vision

Bilaminate skin

skin substitute usually made of silicone- covered nylon mesh

Bilateral

occurring on two sides

Biliary

refers to gallbladder, bile, or bile duct

Bilobectomy

surgical removal of two lobes of a lung

Biofeedback

process of giving a person self-information

Biometry

applcation of a statistical measure to a biologic fact

Biopsy

removal of a small piece of living tissue for diagnostic purposes

Block

frozen piece of a sample

Brachytherapy

therapy using radioactive sources that are placed inside the body

Bronchiole

smaller division of bronchial tree

Bronchography

radiographic recording of lungs

Bronchoplasty

surgical repair of the bronchi

Bronchoscopy

inspection of the bronchial tree using a bronchoscope

B-scan

two dimensional display of tissues and organs

Bulbcavernosus

muscle that constricts the vagina in a female and the uretha in a male

Bulbourethral

gland with duct leading to the urethra

Bundle of His

muscular cardiac fibers that provide the heart rhythm to the ventricles; blockage of this rhythm produces heart block

Bundled codes

one code that represents a package of services

Bunion

hallux valgus, abnormal increase in size of metatarsal head that results in displacement of the great toe

Burr

drill used to create an entry into the cranium

Bursa

fluid filled sac that absorbs friction

Hypoxia

Low level of oxygen in the tissue

Hysterectomy

surgical removal of the uterus

Hysterorrhaphy

suturing of the uterus

Hysterosalpingography

x-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material

Hysteroscopy

visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina

Ichthyosis

a skin condition caused by a gene defect that results in dry, thick, scaly skin

Ielostomy

Artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

Ilium

Portion of hip

Imbrication

Overlapping

Immunotherapy

therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system

Incarcerated

regarding hernias, a constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine

Incise

To cut into

Health Maintenence Organization

HMO, a healthcare delivery system in which an enrollee is assigned a primary care physician who manages all the healthcare needs of an enrollee

Hematoma

Mass of blood that forms outside the vessel

Hemodialysis

Cleansing of the blood outside of the body

Hemolysis

Breakdown of red blood cells

Hemoptysis

Bloody sputum, coughing up blood from the respiratory tract

Hepatography

radioactive examination of the liver

Hernia

Organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it

Histology

The study of the structure of tissues and cells

Homografts

Temporary graft, usually tissue from disease-free cadavers

Hormone

the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect

Hydrocele

Sac of fluid

Hypereopia

Farsightedness, eyeball is too short from front to back

Hypogastric

Lowest middle abdominal region

Hyposensitization

Decreased sensitivity

Hypothermia

Low body temperature; sometimes induced during medical procedures

Hypoxemia

Low level of oxygen in the blood

Bursitis

inflammation of the bursa

Bypass

to go around

Calcaneal

pertaining to the heel bone

Calculus

concretion of mineral salts also called stone

Calycoplasty

surgical reconstruction of a recess of the renal pelvis

Calyx

recess of the renal pelvis

Cancellous

Lattice type structure usually bone

Cardiopulmonary

refers to the heart and lungs

Cardiopulmonary bypass

blood bypasses the heart through a heart lung machine

Cardioversion

electrical shock to the heart to restore normal rhythm

Cardioverter-Defibrillator

surgically place device that directs an electrical shock to the heart to restore rhythm

Carotid Body

located on each side of the common carotid artery, often site of tumor.

Cartilage

connective tissue

Cataract

opaque covering on or in the lens

Catheter

tube placed into the body to put fluid in or take fluid out

Caudal

same as inferior; away from the head, or the lower part of the body

Causalgia

burning pain

Cauterization

destruction of tissue by the use of cautery

Cavernosa

connection between the cavity of the penis and a vein

Cavernosography

radiographic recording of a cavity ex the pulmonary cavity of the main part of the penis

Cavernosometry

measurement of the pressure in a cavity ex penis

Central nervous system

Brain and spinal cord

Cervical

pertaining to the neck or to the cervix of the uterus

Cervix uteri

rounded cone shaped neck of the uterus

Cesarean

surgical opening through abdominal wall for delivery

Cholangiography

radiographic recording of the bile ducts

Cholangiopancreatography

ERCP. radiographic recording of the biliary system or pancreas

Cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the gallbladder

Cholecystoenterostomy

creation of a connection between the gallbladder and intestine

Cholecystography

radiographic recording of the gallbladder

Cholesteatoma

tumor that forms in middle ear

chondral

referring to the cartilage

Chordee

condition resulting in the penis being bent downward

chorionic villus sampling

CVS, biopsy of the outermost part of the placenta

Circumflex

a coronary artery that circles the heart

Cloquet's node

also called a gland; it is the highest of the deep groin lymph nodes

Closed fracture repair

not surgically opened with/without manipulation and with/without traction

Closed Treatment

fracture site that is not surgically opened and visualized

Coccyx

caudal extremity of vertebral column

Collagen

protein substance of skin

Colles' fracture

fracture at lower end of radius that displaces the bone posteriorly

Colonoscopy

Fiberscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum

Colostomy

artifical opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

Component

Part

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