APUSH CH. 23 Vocab

45 terms by JarredA 

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Chester A. Arthur

Senator Roscoe Conkling ran a powerful political machine in New York in the 1870s. This man, who later became president, was his chief henchman.

Thomas Nast

the political cartoonist of the 1860s and 1870s who used this visual art form to expose graft and corruption.

Civil Rights Act of 1875

although it proved toothless and ineffective, the last feeble grasp by radical Republicans to guarantee black equality was this law.

Roscoe Conkling

the handsome and imperious senator from New York who was the leader of the Stalwart faction of the Republican party in the 1870s and 1880s.

Ulysses S. Grant

the soldier-hero nominated by the Republicans for the 1868 presidential election

James Fisk

the corpulent, bold, impudent, and unprincipled millionaire who, with his partner, Jay Gould, tried to corner the gold market in 1869.

Belknap

the 1876 scandal in which Grant's secretary of war was shown to have pocketed some $24,000 by selling the privilege of disbursing supplies to the Indians

Rutherford B. Hayes

with the Stalwarts and Half-Breeds blocking each other, the Republicans nominated this compromise candidate for the presidential election of 1876

Civil Service Commission

the group set up by the Pendleton Act of 1883 charged with administering a competitive exam for federal jobs

James A. Garfield

still deadlocked in the 1880 election, the Stalwarts and Half-Breeds nominated this compromise "dark horse" for president

Electoral Count Act

the 1877 act of Congress which set up a member commission to decide on the validity of conflicting election returns from 3 states

Grand Army of the Republic

the name given to the politically potent fraternal organization of several hundred thousand Union veterans of the Civil War

Compromise of 1877

the 1870s legislation under which the Democrats agreed to accept Hayes' election if federal troops were withdrawn from the two remaining states

Charles J. Guiteau

the 1881 assassin of James Garfield

Winfield S. Hancock

in the presidential election of 1880, the Democrats nominated this Civil War general who was wounded at Gettysburg

James G. Blaine

the personable congressman from Maine who was the champion of the Half-Breed faction of the Republican party in the 1870s and 1880s

Pendleton Act

Garfield's death in 1881 may have contributed to the passage of this 1883 civil service reform act

Benjamin Harrison

in 1888 the Republicans set out to defeat Cleveland by nominating this man

Gilded Age

the name Mark Twain gave to the period 1865-1873 in which currency inflation, speculation, over expansion, and loose business and political works were the order of the day

Denis Kearney

the Irish-born California bigot who urged his followers to abuse hapless Chinese during the 1870s

Grover Cleveland

in 1884 the Democrats turned to this reform-minded burly bachelor with a soup-straining mustache and a taste for tobacco

Liberal Republicans

in 1872 a part of Grant's party broke away to form this reform-minded group that nominated Horace Greeley for president

Mulligan letters

the 1884 Republican presidential nominee, James Blaine, was accused of writing these letters that linked him to a corrupt deal involving federal favors to a southern railroad

general amnesty

the Republican Congress in 1872 passed this kind of law to remove political restrictions from all but 500 former Confederate leaders

Horatio Seymour

the conservative former New York governor nominated by the Democrats for the 1868 presidential election

Panic of 1873

over 15,000 businesses went bankrupt and the whole speculation-based credit system of the 1870s collapsed in this financial crisis

Tweed Ring

the group of corrupt politicians who milked New York City of $200 million during the 1860s

Lucy Webb Hayes

this "Lemonade Lucy" served no alcohol in the White House

Resumption Act

the 1875 act of Congress in which the government was to withdraw greenbacks from circulation and begin in 1879 to redeem all paper currency in gold

tariffs

Cleveland shocked his opponents and his party in 1887 when he sent a message to Congress calling for lower ___________.

Laissez-faire

the economic doctrine that advocates having the government keep their hands off business and the economy

Samuel Tilden

the New York attorney who led the prosecution of the Tweed Ring in the 1870s

Greenback Labor

the Republican "hard-money" policy spawned this political party that went on to elect 14 members of Congress

Ohio Idea

the plank in the 1868 Democratic platform in which a group of middle western delegates called for federal bonds to be redeemed in greenbacks

waving the bloody shirt

the nickname for the post-Civil War campaign strategy of reviving gory memories of the Civil War to get voter support

Horace Greeley

the individual nominated by the Democrats in 1872 to oppose Grant in the presidential election

Whiskey Ring

the group of people who conspired with Grant's private secretary in 1875 to rob the U.S. Treasury of millions in excise taxes on alcohol

Mugwumps

reform-minded Republicans who could not stomach the 1884 nomination of James Blaine were given this nickname

Billion Dollar Congress

under Benjamin Harrison, the Fifty-First Congress reached a spending milestone and was subsequently nicknamed this

Homestead Strike

the famous 1892 strike in which 300 Pinkerton detectives and troops brought order and an election defeat for Harrison

Income tax

the 1894 Wilson-Gorman tariff included a provision for this kind of tax which was struck down by the Supreme Court in less than a year

Jim Crow laws

Southern laws used to restrict blacks' political and social behavior

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

the 1890 act of Congress that provided for the purchase of 4.5 million ounces of silver monthly and paid for it in notes redeemable in either silver or gold

Adlai E. Stevenson

during his second administration, Cleveland's life was endangered by a malignancy on the roof of his mouth. His successor would have been this "soft money" vice-president

Wilson-Gorman

the 1894 tariff bill that did lower duties somewhat but fell far short of the need for a low tariff and was full of plums for special interests

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