American Government Ch. 10

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OSU POLS 1113

A candidate for the U.S. Senate

c) must be a resident of the state from which elected.

Until recently, women were generally considered to be appropriate candidates

e) only for lower-level offices, such as state legislator or school board member.

Candidates are likely to get involved in politics for all of the following reasons except

d) to hide personality faults.

Most political consultants

a) will work only for candidates of one political party.

In today's campaigns, volunteers and amateurs are

b) primarily used for last-minute registration and voter turnout activities.

The candidate-centered campaign emerged in response to all of the following developments except

b) the increasingly important role of the parties.

The _____ plans the fundraising strategy and finds the legal and accounting expertise needed for the organization.

a) finance chairperson

Perhaps the most successful communication was that of Bill Clinton in his 1992 victory. The campaign organized a "_____" to instantly respond to any attack by his opponents.

b) war room

The _____ plans appearances, the themes to be communicated by the candidate at specific points in the campaign, and the response to the attacks.

c) communications director

The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 did not

c) provide public funding for Congressional elections.

Soft money

c) was no longer available to the national political parties after 2002.

The organizations that came to be known as "527s"

The organizations that came to be known as "527s"

After the constitutionality of the Campaign Finance Reform Act of 2002 was challenged

d) a U.S. district court judge struck down more than a dozen regulations issued by the Federal Election Commissions interpreting the Campaign Finance Reform Act.

The process of nominating presidential candidates is now controlled by

a) the public, rather than party elites.

In 2005 a commission headed by former President Jimmy Carter and former secretary of state James A. Baker recommended that

c) four regional primaries be held over a four-month period from April through June.

In 2000, the United States Supreme Court struck down the blanket primary in

California

A statewide election of delegates to a political party's national convention to help a party determine its presidential nominee is called

b) a presidential primary.

Holders of political office in the United States today are usually

c) white and male.

In a 2007 poll, approximately _____ of American respondents would not say they were completely comfortable voting for an African-American president.

b) 15 percent

One of the reasons that campaigns no longer depend on political parties is

c) that fewer people identify with them.

The goal of a political campaign is to

b) win the election.

Part of the reason for the increased intensity of campaigns in the last decade is that they are now centered on the

c) candidate and not on the party.

In the case of an independent candidate or a candidate representing a minor party, the most serious problem is to convince voters

d) that a vote for them is not wasted.

The _____ is responsible for dealing directly with the press.

d) press secretary

The _____ will track polls and focus groups as discussed in Chapter 6.

pollster

The general intent of the several federal corrupt practices acts passed by Congress was to

c) regulate campaign financing.

The state of Vermont prompted political controversy and legal challenges in 1997 when it enacted legislation

e) limiting the amount of money spent by candidates for state offices.

Advertising paid for by interest groups that support or oppose a candidate or a candidate's position on an issue without mentioning voting or elections is called

c) issue advocacy advertising.

The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002

a) bans soft money contributions to national parties.

When the top two candidates in a primary compete in a second primary for the majority of votes, it is called a(n)

c) run-off primary.

A party leader or elected official who is given the right to vote at the national convention is called

superdelegate

The practice of moving presidential primary elections to the early part of the campaign season is called

b) front-loading.

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