rivers that begin in humid regions and then flow across dry areas
place where a spring bubbles to the surface in desert areas and plants grow
line f hereditary rulers
muslim religious rulers
religious leaders of the highest authority among shia muslims
country governed by religious law
sunni and shi'ism
2 main branches of islam
nomadic herders in southwest asia
influences oil prices by controlling supplies in middle east
sea of sand created by high, shifting sand dunes
gravel covered plain in a desert area
large, low areas
dry steambeds that fill with water only after rainfall
cultural group that lived in north africa since long before waves of arab armies crossed the continent
fertile, finely ground soil deposited by flowing water
ancient egyptian monarchs
pictures/symbols used in ancient egyptian writing system
port where no taxes are placed on goods from other places
peasant farmers of north africa
when young educated people leave africa to get a degree and end up staying there
region of semiarid climate
spreading of desert conditions
main food of a region
millet and sorghum
type of drought-resistant grains
economies in which some goods are produced for export while others are produced for local use
african fly carrying a human disease called sleeping sickness
language in east africa with roots in languages of the african coast with added arabic words
cream colored material that makes up the tusk of an elephant
strong, durable plant fiber used to make rope and twine
sap of acacia trees; sticking substance that binds the ingredients in many candies and medicines
intentional destruction of a people
steep face at edge of a plateau or other raised area
level of variety of plants and animals
grassland regions of south africa
dutch, french and german settlers and their descendants in south africa
african national congress
ANC political organization that pushed for an end in apartheid in south africa
official policies that forced black south africans to live in separate areas
penalties intended to force a country to change its policies
sector of economy made up of people who dont work for formal businesses, including self employed people and small family owned businesses
first known civilization in middle east
delirious image when exhausted-in deserts
desert that gets dew at night-which helps many animals stay alive
what semiarid region is south of the sahara?
what tectonic movement created great rift valley?
what country in east africa has most wildlife reserves?
which part of africa had history with slaves?
what country had apartheid?
nigeria, algeria, Libya
what countries are rich in oil?
who helped end apartheid?
what country is best known for growing coffee?
old divide gorge
lewis leeky found earliest human beings where?
what was the european gathering that split africa up called?
cocoa, gum arabic, sugar cane, coffee, vanilla, cotton, tobacco, tea
3 examples of cash crops
what kind of gov did west/central have? more tribal
major movement of people out of west/central?
malaria, HIV/AIDS, sleeping, colora
3 serious diseases
german, french, dutch, Belgium, english
3 countries that colonized africa
southern africa country rich in diamonds
main religion of east/south
cultural legacy arabs left in north
name of location in west that was a famous slave trade
samalia-gulf of aden
where is all of piracy taking place
desert called 'empty quarter'
oil and water
2 most important resources in middle east