5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Essential Hypertension
- Sinoatrial node
- a inflammation of the pericardium
- b Any acute clinical event, related to impairment of cerebral circulation that last longer than 24 hours
- c Hypertension with no known cause; accounts for 90-95% of patients diagnosed with hypertension
- d Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel, usually an artery; due to a congenital defect or weakness in the wall of the vessel. The ballooning out of an artery wall at a point where it has grown weak
- e The mass of specialized cardiac muscle fibers that normally acts as the pacemaker of the cardiac conduction system; ;it lies under the epicardium at the upper end of the sulcus terminalis.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- slow heart rate, usually below 60 beats per minute
- An abnormal, usually periodic, sound heard on auscultation of the heart or blood vessels
- hardening of the arteries
- an abnormal enlargement of the heart. IT is generally categorized in the following manner; Cardiomegaly due to dilation, Cardiomegaly due to ventricular hypertrophy: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH): Right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH): Left atrial enlargement
- any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules; bringing nutrients and oxygen to the tissues and absorbs carbon dioxide and waste products
5 True/False Questions
Shock → A severe disturbance of hemodynamics in which the circulatory system fails to maintain adequate perfusion of vital organs; may be due to reduction of blood volume, cardiac failure, or dilation of the vascular system in toxemia or septicemia
Coronary thrombosis → Coronary occlusion by thrombosis formation [obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)], usually the result of atheromatous changes in the arterial wall and usually leading to myocardial infarction.,
Pericardiocentesis → (centisis=surgical puncture) needle drainage of the pericardium, usually accompanied by placement of an indwelling catheter for continued draining.
Sphygmomanometer → one of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood from the heart to the lungs
Erythropoietin → One of a specialized group of cytokines that is produced by the kidneys and stimulates the proliferation of RBC in the bone marrow. Ex)Pharmacological use this for patients with depressed bone marrow function following cancer chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation etc.