Chapter 15 - Vocabulary

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23 terms · Classics 2211

flexion

Bending a limb or joint.

extension

Straightening out a limb or joint.

abduction

Movement away from the midline of the body.

adduction

Movement toward the midline of the body.

rotation

Circular movement around an axis.

supination

Turning the palm forward or up.

pronation

Turning the palm backward or down.

fascia

Fibrous membrane separating and eveloping muscles.

insertion of a muscle

Connection of muscle to a bone that moves.

origin of a muscle

Connection of muscle to a stationary bone.

skeletal (striated) muscle

Voluntary muscle connected to bones.

smooth (visceral) muscle

Involuntary muscle connected to internal organs.

dorsiflexion

Backward (upward) bending of the foot.

plantar flexion

Bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground.

articulation

Joint.

bursa (plural

bursae):Sac of fluid near a joint.

ligament

Connective tissue binding bones to other bones.

suture joint

Joint in which apposed bones are closely united.

synovial cavity

Space between bones at a synovial joint.

synovial fluid

Fluid within the synovial cavity.

synovial joint

A freely moveable joint.

synovial membrane

Membrane lining the synovial cavity. It produces synovial fluid.

tendon

Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones.

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