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Medical Terminology: A Living Language, 4/e

Which of the following is the correct order for the organization of the body?
a. cells to tissue to system to organ to whole body
b. cells to organ to system to tissue to whole body
c. cells to tissue to organ to system to whole body
d. tissue to cells to organ to system to whole body

C

Organs come together to form ________.
a. systems
b. cells
c. tissue
d. whole body

A

Which of the following is NOT a structure that is found in all cells?
a. cell membrane
b. epithelium
c. cytoplasm
d. nucleus

B

Which of the following is NOT one of the basic types of tissue found in the body?
a. muscular
b. connective
c. histogenic
d. epithelial

C

5. Which is NOT a function of epithelial tissue?
a. support body structures
b. protective barrier
c. absorb substances
d. secrete substances

C

Which type of tissue is designed to conduct electrical impulses?
a. muscular
b. connective
c. epithelial
d. nervous

D

Which type of tissue is designed to produce body movement?
a. muscular
b. connective
c. epithelial
d. nervous

A

Which type of muscle tissue is found attached to bone?
a. smooth
b. visceral
c. skeletal
d. cardiac

C

Which is NOT an organ found in the digestive system?
a. spleen
b. stomach
c. liver
d. colon

A

The hematic system is commonly called:
a. urinary
b. blood
c. immune
d. cardiovascular

B

The tyroid, thymus, and adrenal glands are found in the:
a. muscular system
b. nervous system
c. endocrine system
d. male reproductive system

C

Which branch of medicine treats conditions of the eye?
a. obstetrics
b. endocrinology
c. otohindolaryngology
d. ophthalmology

D

A gastronenterologist would treat diseases of which of the following organs?
a. brain
b. stomach
c. tonsils
d. heart

B

Which of the following is NOT part of the anatomical position?
a. standing erect
b. palms facing backwards
c. feet together
d. fingers extended

B

Which plane divides the body into left and right portions?
a. sagittal
b. frontal
c. coronal
d. transverse

A

Which plane divides the body into front and back portions?
a. sagittal
b. frontal
c. transverse
d. median

B

Which plane is the only horizontal plane?
a. sagittal
b. frontal
c. transverse
d. median

C

Which sectional view of the body is produced by a slice perpendicular to the long axis?
a. cross section
b. transverse section
c. longitudinal section
d. sagittal section

C

The neck is the ______region of the body.
a. dorsal
b. cervical
c. cephalic
d. public

B

The cephalic region of the body is the:
a. neck
b. back
c. head
d. buttocks

C

The arms are the ______region of the body.
a. brachial
b. crural
c. trunk
d. pelvic

A

Which of the following is NOT one of the anterior regions of the trunk?
a. abdominal
b. dorsum
c. pelvic
d. pubic

B

Which of the following body cavities is a dorsal cavity?
a. abdominal
b. pelvic
c. thoracic
d. spinal

D

The cranial cavity contains the:
a. spinal cord
b. heart
c. brain
d. stomach

C

Which structure is NOT located in the mediastinum?
a. heart
b. thymus gland
c. lungs
d. aorta

C

What organ is located inside the pleural cavity?
a. heart
b. stomach
c. urinary bladder
d. lungs

D

The organs of which system are NOT found in the abdominopelvic cavity?
a. respiratory
b. digestive
c. excretory
d. reproductive

A

Which of the following cavities is NOT a ventral cavity?
a. abdominal
b. spinal
c. thoracic
d. pelvic

B

Which cavity contains the heart?
a. cranial
b. pleural
c. pericardial
d. pelvic

C

In the anatomical divisions of the abdomen the upper row contains which of the following regions?
a. umbilical
b. epigastric
c. iliac
d. lumbar

B

In the anatomical divisions of the abdomen the center square of the middle row is the ______region.
a. umbilical
b. lumbar
c. hypogastric
d. iliac

A

The spleen and stomach are located in the _____quadrant.
a. right upper
b. left upper
c. right lower
d. left lower

B

The gallbladder and majority of the liver are located in the ______quadrant.
a. right upper
b. left upper
c. right lower
d. left lower

A

In the abdominopelvic cavity, which organ is NOT a midline organ?
a. urinary bladder
b. prostate gland
c. uterus
d. stomach

D

Which body system forms a protective two way barrier for the body?
a. musculoskeletal
b. endocrine
c. integumentary
d. digestive

C

Which is not a function of the blood?
a. transports oxygen
b. absorbs nutrients
c. controls bleeding
d. protects against pathogens

B

Which system is responsible for regulating metabolic activities of the body?
a. endocrine
b. nervous
c. reproductive
d. urinary

A

Which body system receives sensory information and coordinates the body's response?
a. respiratory
b. nervous
c. special senses
d. musculoskeletal

B

Which directional term means more toward the head or above another structure?
a. superior
b. medial
c. ventral
d. caudal

A

Which directional term is interchangeable with inferior?
a. cephalic
b. caudal
c. posterior
d. dorsal

B

Which direction term refers to the tip or summit of an organ?
a. medial
b. lateral
c. base
d. apex

D

Which direction term is the opposite of medial?
a. superior
b. caudal
c. lateral
d. distal

C

Which direction term means more to the back side of the body?
a. posterior
b. ventral
c. distal
d. deep

A

Which direction term means farther away from the point of attachment to the body?
a. superficial
b. distal
c. supine
d. proximal

B

Which direction term is the opposite of distal?
a. dorsal
b. apex
c. superficial
d. proximal

D

Which direction term means lying face down?
a. prone
b. proximal
c. supine
d. ventral

A

Which direction term is the opposite of anterior?
a. dorsal
b. ventral
c. caudal
d. cephalic

A

Which direction term means toward the surface of the body?
a. superior
b. distal
c. superficial
d. deep

C

Which direction term specifically refers to the belly side of the body?
a. dorsal
b. caudal
c. cephalic
d. ventral

D

Which medical term is misspelled?
a. bracheal
b. cranial
c. gluteal
d. inferior

B

Which medical term is misspelled?
a. caudal
b. crainial
c. epithelial
d. organic

B

Which medical term is misspelled?
a. vertebral
b. proximal
c. medial
d. thorasic

D

Which medical term is misspelled?
a. muscular
b. proximal
c. viseral
d. cephalic

C

Which medical term is misspelled?
a. somatik
b. lateral
c. posterior
d. superior

A

Which abbreviation stands for the body system containing the heart?
a. GU
b. CV
c. AP
d. ENT

B

Which abbreviation stands for the body system containing the stomach?
a. MS
b. GI
c. UE
d. PA

B

Which abbreviation stands for the arm?
a. OB
b. MS
c. UE
d. GYN

C

Which abbreviation stands for the medical specialty that treats the condition of the female reproductive system?
a. GI
b. CV
c. ENT
d. GYN

D

Which abbreviation stands for the digestive system?
a. GI
b. AP
c. GU
d. ENT

A

Which term means pertaining to the skull?
a. crural
b. cranial
c. cervical
d. cephalic

B

Which term means pertaining to internal organs?
a. organic
b. systemic
c. visceral
d. caudal

C

Which term means pertaining to the spinal cord side of the body?
a. cephalic
b. superior
c. distal
d. dorsal

D

The knee is ______to the hip.
a. ventral
b. distal
c. superior
d. proximal

B

Which term means lying face up?
a. prone
b. ventral
c. supine
d. dorsal

C

The fundamental unit of all living things is:
a. tissues
b. cells
c. systems
d. organs

B

Which type of tissue plays a role in absorbing nutrients?
a. muscular
b. nervous
c. epithelial
d. connective

C

Which organ is found in the urinary system?
a. testes
b. brain
c. stomach
d. kidneys

D

Which sectional view of the body is produced by a slice along the median plane?
a. sagittal
b. cross
c. longitudinal
d. transverse

A

Another name for the torso is the ______region of the body.
a. vertebral
b. dorsum
c. trunk
d. crural

C

In considering the two layer sac that encases internal organs, the outer layer of this membrane in the thoracic cavity is called the:
a. parietal pleura
b. visceral pleura
c. parietal peritoneum
d. visceral peritoneum

A

A term meaning pertaining to the body is:
a. visceral
b. crural
c. organic
d. somatic

D

In which quadrant would you find the colon?
a. left lower quadrant
b. right lower quadrant
c. it is a midline structure
d. all quadrants

D

A person having repeated bladder infections would see a specialist in:
a. gastroenterology
b. urology
c. otorhinolaryngology
d. gynecology

B

A term interchangeable with anterior is:
a. dorsal
b. posterior
c. ventral
d. cephalic

C

The crural region of the body is the:
a. buttocks
b. arms
c. abdomen
d. legs

D

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