Chapter 9: The Endocrine System

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The thyroid gland is located:

below the Adam's apple.

Prostaglandins are:

lipid hormones manufactured in cell plasm membranes.

Which one of the following is not a sign of diabetes mellitus?

moon face.

Hyposecretion of thyroxine in early childhood leads to:

cretinism.

The element necessary in the diet for proper thyroid function is:

iodine.

The hormone that appears to help regulate our sleep-awake cycles is:

melatonin

Which one of the following is not an anterior pituitary hormone?

antidiuretic hormone.

Which one of the following is not a symptom of Cushing's syndrome?

bronze skin tones

In men, luteinizing hormone is also called:

interstitial cell-stimulating hormone.

Hyposecretion of antidiuretic hormone may lead to:

diabetes insipidus.

Tetany resulting from uncontrolled muscle spasms may indicate a malfunction of the

parathyroid glands.

The placenta produces all of the follow except

luteinizing hormone.

Generalized hyposecretion of all adrenal cortex hormones leads to

Addison's disease.

Which one of the following hormones is not produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary glad

oxytocin

The secondary sex characteristics brought about by testosterone secretion do not include

development of breasts.

Which of the following is not a function of oxytocin

stimulation of menstruation

The corpus luteum produces

both progesterone and estrogen

The type of endocrine stimulus that involves changing levels of certain blood-borne ions and nutrients is called

humoral stimulus

Glucocorticoids do all of the following except

regulate salt content of the blood

Being lipid soluble, steroids can do all of the following except

catalyze cyclic AMP

Which of the following is not produced by the adrenal cortex

epinephrine

Why one of the following is not typical of the changes that follow the binding of a hormone to its target cells

cellular mutations occur

The pituitary gland is located

within the "Turk's Saddle" of the sphenoid bone

Hormone concentrations in the blood under normal conditions are usually regulated by

negative feedback mechanisms

Which one of the following is not produced by the hypothalamus

thyroid-stimulating hormone

Aldosterone is a

mineralocorticoid

Hypersecretion of GH in adulthood after long bone growth has ended leads to

acromegaly

An enlargement of the thyroid gland resulting form a deficiency of dietary iodine is called

goiter

Which of the following is not a thyroid hormone

parathormone

The cells in the testes that produce testosterone are called

interstitial cells

Which one of the following is not one of the major processes controlled by hormone

body coordination

Insulin is produced by cells of the pancreatic islets called

beta cells

Which one of the following is not true of androgens

they stimulate the corpus luteum

Rising blood levels of aldosterone case the kidney tubules to

reabsorb sodium

The hormone that is antagonistic to calcitonin is

parathormone

Which of the following is not an action of catecholamines

decreased blood pressure

Another name for antidiuretic hormones is

vasopressin

Estrogens do all of the following except

stimulate the growth of facial hair

The enzyme produced by the kidneys when blood pressure drops, stimulating the release of aldosterone, is called

renin

Insulin causes

a decrease in the concentration of blood glucose

Which one of the following hormones exerts its primary effects on the reproductive organs

follicle-stimulating hormone

Tropic hormones

stimulate other endocrine glands to secrete hormones

The hormone responsible for the maturation of WBCs known as T lymphocytes is

thymosin

The hormone that triggers ovulation of an egg form the female ovary is

luteinizing hormone

Insulin has a

hypoglycemic effect.

ADH

antidiuretic hormone
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
when drinking alcohol, it is inhibited by the alcohol, thus causing polyuria

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