Infants showing symptoms of acidosis, dehydration, diarrhea, elevated blood ammonia and urea, and fever may be reacting to the nutritional problem of
The recommended amounts of vitamins and minerals for infants are based on the
average amounts ingested by thriving infants breastfed by well-nourished mothers.
Which of the following is a feature of water in infancy?
Much of the infant's body water content is located extracellularly
For optimal breast-feeding benefits, it is recommended that the infant be encouraged to suckle on each breast for about
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Canadian Pediatric Society, breastfeeding of full-term infants is
What is the chief reason that breast-fed infants usually need to eat more frequently than formula-fed infants?
Breast milk is digested faster
Which of the following is an advantage of breastfeeding compared with formula feeding?
It provides immunological protection
Which of the following is a feature of infant development and nutrition?
Breast-fed infants obtain iron-binding proteins that inhibit bacterial infections
What factor in breast milk binds iron and prevents it from supporting the growth of the infant's intestinal bacteria?
To gradually replace breast milk with infant formula or other foods appropriate to an infant's diet is to
Which of the following is a feature of infant soy formulas?
They contain cornstarch and sucrose rather than lactose
Which of the following is a common source of lead poisoning in infants?
Contaminated water used to make infant formula
What is the most realistic advice for reducing lead exposure from the tap water used to prepare infant formula?
Because the first water drawn from the tap each day is highest in lead, let the water run a few minutes before using it
Which of the following defines nursing bottle tooth decay?
Marked tooth decay of an infant due to prolonged exposure to carbohydrate-rich fluids from a bottle
What term defines the condition of infant tooth deterioration resulting from chronic exposure to carbohydrate-rich fluids from a bottle?
Nursing bottle tooth decay
Which of the following feeding practices is recommended for preterm infants?
They should be fed preterm breast milk, occasionally fortified with specific nutrients
Of the following cereals, which is most likely to result in an allergic reaction upon first feeding?
Why should new foods be introduced to an infant one at a time?
Any allergic reactions can be detected
Which of the following nutrients need to be supplied first by solid foods in a baby's diet?
Vitamin C and iron
Foods containing sorbitol or other sugar alcohols should not be given to infants because they
Which of the following is the primary factor in the development of milk anemia?
Excessive intake of cow's milk
A child who drinks a lot of milk at the expense of other foods is at high risk of showing signs of
The consumption of milk by children should not exceed 4 cups per day in order to lower the risk for
What should be the parent's response when a one-year-old child wants to clumsily spoon-feed himself?
Let the child try to feed himself so that he will learn
Which of the following is the most prevalent nutrient deficiency among U.S. and Canadian children?
Which of the following is a feature of nutrition in childhood?
Children who fail to consume vitamin D-fortified foods should receive a daily supplement of 10 micrograms
Which of the following is the most likely reason that teachers promote the consumption of midmorning snacks for children?
It provides carbohydrate for maintenance of blood glucose and brain function
Which of the following is characteristic of children who regularly eat breakfast or skip breakfast?
Breakfast-skippers actually show lower scores on IQ tests than those who eat breakfast
Which of the following is a characteristic of iron deficiency in children?
It affects brain function before anemia sets in
Which of the following is a characteristic of lead exposure and health?
Absorption of lead is higher on an empty stomach
What is the term given to the child who is hyperactive with severe and impulsive behavior?
Which of the following is a characteristic of a food allergy?
It always involves the production of antibodies
A child known to be allergic to peanuts who begins to show signs such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the tongue, and severe abdominal discomfort is most likely in immediate need of a life-saving injection of
People who show adverse reactions to foods such as increased pulse rate, nausea, and hives, but do not show antibodies to the offending foods, are displaying
To help improve a child's BMI, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends limiting television and video time for children older than 2 years to how many hours per day?
Which of the following two conditions are associated with television's influence?
Obesity and high blood lipids
What is the most likely explanation for the increased prevalence of obesity in children over the past 30 years?
They are less active physically
Which of the following is a feature of nutrition and behavior in children?
Television commercials featuring snack foods have been found to affect children's food preferences
To lower the risk of obesity in children, which of the following practices should parents institute for their children?
Teach them to take appropriate food portions
Which of the following is an effective strategy for dealing with obesity in a child?
Engage the individual in at least 1 hour per day of moderate to vigorous physical activity
Which of the following steps should be undertaken by the parent or guardian to ensure that young people eat well?
Control the availability of food
If a child is reluctant to try a new food, it is best to
quietly remove it and present it again at another time.
When children are allowed to eat freely from a variety of foods, they usually select foods that are high in